Eastern Grey Kangaroo


Eastern Grey Kangaroo

Taxobox
name = Eastern Grey KangarooMSW3 Groves|pages=64]
status = LC
status_system = iucn3.1
status_ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Australasian Marsupial & Monotreme Specialist Group|year=1996|id=41513|title=Macropus giganteus|downloaded=10 May 2006]



regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Diprotodontia
infraclassis = Marsupialia
familia = Macropodidae
genus = "Macropus"
species = "M. giganteus"
binomial = "Macropus giganteus"
binomial_authority = Shaw, 1790

The Eastern Grey Kangaroo ("Macropus giganteus") is a marsupial found in southern and eastern Australia, with a population of several million. It is also known as the Great Grey Kangaroo and the Forester Kangaroo. Although a big Eastern Grey male typically weighs around 66 kg (145 lb.) and stands almost 2 m (6 ft.) tall, the scientific name, "Macropus giganteus" (gigantic large-foot), is misleading, as the Red Kangaroo of the semi-arid inland is larger.

Description

The Eastern Grey is easy to recognise: its soft grey coat is distinctive, and it is usually found in moister, more fertile areas than the Red. Indigenous Australian names include "iyirrbir" (Uw Oykangand and Uw Olkola) and "kucha" (Pakanh). [cite web | url = http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/2970/kangaroo.htm | title = Eastern grey kangaroo, "Macropus giganteus" | work = Oykangand and Olkola Dictionary | last = Hamilton | first = Philip | accessdate = 2007-02-03 ]

Ecology

Although the Red is better known by reputation, the Eastern Grey is the species most commonly seen in the flesh: few Australians visit the arid interior of the continent, while many live in and around the major cities of the south and east coast, from where it is usually only a short drive to the remaining pockets of near-city bushland where roos can be found without much difficulty. It prefers open grassland with areas of bush for daytime shelter. Like all kangaroos, it is mainly nocturnal and crepuscular, and is mostly seen early in the morning, or as the light starts to fade in the evening.

In more remote areas, the Eastern Grey occurs in great numbers, and if left unchecked reaches plague proportions. From time to time shooters are employed to reduce its numbers, almost always to the accompaniment of a public outcry. Given the very limited amount of fodder in dry years, however, the only other choice is starvation.

peed

The Eastern Grey Kangaroo can travel very fast over land. The highest ever recorded speed of any kangaroo was Convert|64|km/h|mph|-1|abbr=off set by a large female Eastern Grey Kangaroo. [cite book | title = The Guiness Book of World Records | year = 2004 | pages = p.53]

tatus

It is often saidWho|date=September 2007 that kangaroo populations have increased significantly since the European colonisation of Australia because of the increased areas of grassland (as opposed to forest), the reduction in Dingo numbers, and the availability of artificial watering holes. The current estimated population of the species numbers two million. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/673.shtml BBC - Science & Nature - Wildfacts - Eastern grey kangaroo ] ]

While the Eastern Grey remains common, there are vast areas of country from which it has been exterminated (in general, it avoids humans), and most of the more fertile districts now carry crops or exotic pasture grasses which kangaroos tend not to eat. (One of the easiest ways to find kangaroos is to look for patches of remnant native grassland.)

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • eastern grey kangaroo — didžioji pilkoji kengūra statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Macropus gigantea angl. eastern grey kangaroo; forester; great grey kangaroo; grey kangaroo; scrub kangaroo vok. graues Riesenkänguruh;… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • eastern grey kangaroo — noun a large, greyish kangaroo with rather woolly fur, Macropus giganteus, which inhabits forest and woodland areas of mainland eastern Australia and Tasmania. The males may reach 1.80 metres in height and measure 2.5 metres from muzzle to tail… …   Australian English dictionary

  • eastern grey kangaroo — noun A species of kangaroo, with a distinctive soft grey coat, scientific name Macropus giganteus Syn: eastern grey …   Wiktionary

  • grey kangaroo — didžioji pilkoji kengūra statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Macropus gigantea angl. eastern grey kangaroo; forester; great grey kangaroo; grey kangaroo; scrub kangaroo vok. graues Riesenkänguruh;… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • grey kangaroo — /ˌgreɪ kæŋgəˈru/ (say .gray kangguh rooh) noun → eastern grey kangaroo …   Australian English dictionary

  • Western Grey Kangaroo — Taxobox name = Western Grey Kangaroo [MSW3 Groves|pages=64] status = LC status system = iucn3.1 status ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Australasian Marsupial Monotreme Specialist Group|year=1996|id=40563|title=Macropus fuliginosus|downloaded=12 May… …   Wikipedia

  • great grey kangaroo — didžioji pilkoji kengūra statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Macropus gigantea angl. eastern grey kangaroo; forester; great grey kangaroo; grey kangaroo; scrub kangaroo vok. graues Riesenkänguruh;… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • great grey kangaroo — noun → eastern grey kangaroo …   Australian English dictionary

  • Eastern Pygmy Possum — Eastern Pygmy Possum[1] Temporal range: Late Pleistocene Recent Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Kangaroo — Taxobox name = KangaroosMSW3 Groves | pages= 64 66] image width = 250px image caption = Female Eastern Grey Kangaroo with joey regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia subclassis = Marsupialia ordo = Diprotodontia subordo =… …   Wikipedia


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