Municipalities of Brazil
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Politics and government of
The municipalities of Brazil (Portuguese: Municípios do Brasil) are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. At present date, Brazil has 5,564 municipalities, making the average municipality population 34,361. The average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most subdivided state, with 853. The Federal District, where the national capital, Brasília, is located, cannot be divided in municipalities (according the Brazilian Constitution, the Federal District absorbs the constitutional and legal powers, attributions and obligations of states and municipalities).
The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the Federation and not simply dependent subdivisions of the states. Each municipality has an autonomous local government, comprising a mayor, directly elected by the people to a four years term, and a legislative body (Câmara Municipal), also directly elected by the people. These elections take place at the same time all over the country; the last municipal elections were held in 2008. Each Municipality has the constitutional power to approve their own laws and collects taxes and also receives funds from the state and federal governments. However, municipal governments have no judicial power, and courts are only organised at the state or federal level. A subdivision of the state judiciary, or comarca, can either correspond to an individual municipality or encompass several municipalities.
The seat of the municipal administration is denominated city, with no consideration from the law about the population, area or facilities. The city has the same name of the municipality. Municipalities can be subdivided, only for administrative purposes, in districts (normally, new municipalities are formed from these districts). Other populated sites are villages, but with no legal effects or regulation.
Municipalities can be split or merged to form new municipalities within the borders of the state, if the people of the involved municipalities express a desire to do so in a plebiscite. However, these must abide by the Federal Constitution, and forming exclaves or seceding from the state or union is expressly forbidden.
- Municipalities of Acre (AC)
- Municipalities of Alagoas (AL)
- Municipalities of Amapá (AP)
- Municipalities of Amazonas (AM)
- Municipalities of Maranhão (MA)
- Municipalities of Mato Grosso (MT)
- Municipalities of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS)
- Municipalities of Minas Gerais (MG)
- Municipalities of Pará (PA)
- Municipalities of Paraíba (PB)
- Municipalities of Paraná (PR)
- Municipalities of Pernambuco (PE)
- Municipalities of Piauí (PI)
- Municipalities of Rio de Janeiro (RJ)
- Municipalities of Rio Grande do Norte (RN)
- Municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul (RS)
- Municipalities of Rondônia (RO)
- Municipalities of Roraima (RR)
- Municipalities of Santa Catarina (SC)
- Municipalities of São Paulo (SP)
- Municipalities of Sergipe (SE)
- List of cities
- List of major cities in Brazil
- List of municipalities of Brazil
- ^ a b c "Brazilian Federal Constitution" (in Portuguese). Presidency of the Republic. 1988. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/Constituicao/Constituiçao.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-03. "Brazilian Federal Constitution". v-brazil.com. 2007. http://www.v-brazil.com/government/laws/titleI.html. Retrieved 2008-06-03. "Unofficial translation"
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