Source Input Format

Source Input Format (SIF) defined in MPEG-1, is a video format that was developed to allow the storage and transmission of digital video.

* 625/50 SIF format (PAL/SECAM) has a resolution of (360 or) 352 x 288 active pixels and a refresh rate of 25 frames per second.
* 525/59.94 SIF Format (NTSC) has a resolution of (360 or) 352 x 240 active pixels and a refresh rate of 29.97 frames per second.

When compared to the CCIR_601 specifications, which defines the appropriate parameters for digital encoding of TV signals, SIF can be seen as being reduced by half in all of height, width, frame-rate, and chrominance. SIF video is known as a constrained parameters bitstream. [ [http://bmrc.berkeley.edu/research/mpeg/faq/mpeg1.html#What%20are%20Constrained%20Parameters%20Bitstreams What are Constrained Parameters Bitstreams ?] ]

The computer industry has defined square-pixel SIF to be 320 x 240 (QVGA) or 384 x 288 active pixels with a refresh rate of whatever the computer is capable of supporting.

See also

*Common Intermediate Format (CIF)

References


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