Golden Oriole

name = Golden Oriole
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1
status_ref = [IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=51243|title=Oriolus oriolus|downloaded=12 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern]

image_width = 250px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Oriolidae
genus = "Oriolus"
species = "O. oriolus"
binomial = "Oriolus oriolus"
binomial_authority = (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Golden Oriole or European (or Eurasian) Golden Oriole "Oriolus oriolus", is the only member of the oriole family of passerine birds to breed in northern hemisphere temperate regions. It is a summer migrant to Europe and western Asia, wintering in the tropics.

It is a bird of tall deciduous trees in woodland, orchards or parks. The tiny British population breeds in commercial Black poplar plantations, notably at the RSPB Lakenheath Fen nature reserve, where a watchpoint is operated during nesting.

The neat nest is built in a fork in a tree, and contains 3-6 eggs. The food is insects and fruit, found in the tree canopies where the orioles spend much of their time.

The male is striking in the typical oriole black and yellow plumage, but the female is a drabber green bird. Orioles are shy, and even the male is remarkably difficult to see in the dappled yellow and green leaves of the canopy.

The flight is somewhat like a thrush, strong and direct with some shallow dips over longer distances.

The call is a screech like a jay, but the song is a beautiful fluting "weela-wee-ooo" or "or-iii-ole", unmistakable once heard.

The name "oriole" was first used in English in the 18th century, and is an application of the scientific Latin genus name, which is ultimately from the Classical Latin "aureolus" golden. Various forms of "oriole" have existed in Romance languages since the 12th and 13th centuries. [OED Online. Accessed 9 Feb 2008] Albertus Magnus used the Latin form "oriolus" in about 1250, and stated, erroneously, that it was onomatopoeic, from the song of the Golden Oriole.

The New World orioles are similar in appearance to the Oriolidae, but are icterids unrelated to the Old World birds.


External links

* [ Ageing and sexing (PDF) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta]

External links

* [ Golden Oriole videos] on the Internet Bird Collection


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Golden oriole — Golden Gold en (g[=o]ld n), a. [OE. golden; cf. OE. gulden, AS. gylden, from gold. See {Gold}, and cf. {Guilder}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Made of gold; consisting of gold. [1913 Webster] 2. Having the color of gold; as, the golden grain. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Golden Oriole — volungė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Oriolus Oriolus angl. Golden Oriole vok. Pirol …   Paukščių anatomijos terminai

  • golden oriole — noun bright yellow songbird with black wings • Syn: ↑Oriolus oriolus • Hypernyms: ↑Old World oriole, ↑oriole • Member Holonyms: ↑Oriolus, ↑genus Oriolus * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • golden oriole — an Old World oriole, Oriolus oriolus, the male of which is bright yellow with black wings. [1835 45, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • golden oriole — noun A bright yellow and black passerine songbird, Oriolus oriolus, of Europe and western Asia …   Wiktionary

  • Eurasian Golden Oriole — Adult Male Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Indian Golden Oriole — Indian Golden Oriole …   Wikipedia

  • African Golden Oriole — Conservation status Least Concern …   Wikipedia

  • African golden oriole — afrikinė volungė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Oriolus auratus angl. African golden oriole vok. Schwarzohrpirol, m rus. африканская жёлтая иволга, f pranc. loriot doré, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – tikrosios volungės …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Eurasian golden oriole — eurazinė volungė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Oriolus oriolus angl. Eurasian golden oriole vok. Pirol, m rus. обыкновенная иволга, f pranc. loriot d Europe, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – tikrosios volungės sinonimas – …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

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