Olive


Olive
Olive Tree
Olea europaea
Olea europaea, Dead Sea, Jordan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Olea
Species: O. europaea
Binomial name
Olea europaea
L.
19th century illustration

The olive (play /ˈɑːləv/ or /ˈɒlɨv/), Olea europaea), is a species of a small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to the coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean Basin (the adjoining coastal areas of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa) as well as northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea.

Its fruit, also called the olive, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil. The tree and its fruit give its name to the plant family, which also includes species such as lilacs, jasmine, Forsythia and the true ash trees (Fraxinus). The word derives from Latin olīva which in turn comes from the Greek ἐλαία (elaía)[1][2] ultimately from Mycenaean Greek


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  • olive — [ ɔliv ] n. f. • 1260; « olivier » 1080; provenç. oliva, lat. oliva 1 ♦ Fruit de l olivier, drupe globuleuse et oblongue, de couleur verdâtre puis noirâtre à maturité, à peau lisse, dont on extrait de l huile. Huile d olive. Olives vertes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • OLIVE — (Heb. זַיִת), the Olea europaea tree and its fruit. The wild olive grows in the groves of Upper Galilee and Carmel. It is a prickly shrub producing small fruits. There are many varieties of cultivated olives, some being suitable for oil, and some …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Olive — Ol ive, n. [F., fr. L. oliva, akin to Gr. ?. See {Oil}.] 1. (Bot.) (a) A tree ({Olea Europ[ae]a}) with small oblong or elliptical leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one seeded drupes. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Olive — bezeichnet: die Frucht des Echten Ölbaums, siehe Olivenbaum davon abgeleitet die Farbe Oliv ein Kerngebiet im Myelencephalon, siehe Nucleus olivaris das Ohrstück des Stethoskops ein Schlauchanschlussstück im Laborbereich, siehe Schlauchkupplung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • olive — OLIVE. s. f. Espece de fruit à noyau dont on tire de l huile. Olive meure. olive verte. olive de Luques. olive de Provence. olive d Espagne. olive de Veronne. olives charnuës. les olives en meurissant deviennent noires, commencent à noircir.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Olive 8 — Alternative names Hyatt at Olive 8 General information Type Hotel, residential, retail …   Wikipedia

  • olive — (n.) c.1200, olive tree, from O.Fr. olive, from L. oliva olive, olive tree, from Gk. elaia olive tree, olive, probably from the same Aegean language (perhaps Cretan) as Armenian ewi oil. Applied to the fruit or berry of the tree in English from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • olive — [äl′iv] n. [OFr < L oliva < Gr elaia] 1. a) an evergreen tree (Olea europaea) of the olive family, native to S Europe and the Near East, with leathery leaves, yellow flowers, and an edible fruit b) the small, oval fruit of this tree, eaten… …   English World dictionary

  • Olive — Sf erw. exot. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. olīva (auch: Ölbaum, Olivenbaum , verwandt mit l. oleum n. Öl ), dieses aus gr. elāā, elaíā. Adjektiv: oliv (Farbbezeichnung).    Ebenso nndl. olijf, ne. olive, nfrz. olive, nschw. oliv, nisl.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Olive — Olive: Der seit dem Anfang des 16. Jh.s bezeugte Name für die Früchte des Ölbaumes (beachte schon mhd. olīve »Ölbaum«), aus denen das Olivenöl gewonnen wird, ist aus lat. oliva »Ölbaum; Olive« entlehnt, das seinerseits aus gleichbed. griech.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch


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