Back flip

Back flip is a generic term for a sequence of body movements in which a person leaps into the air, performs one complete backwards revolution while still in the air, and then lands on the feet. Variations of back flips, such as the "back tuck" and "back layout", are performed in gymnastics, tricking, acro dance, Freestyle BMX, parkour, and various other activities. Back flips can be started from a stationary, standing position and they are also commonly executed immediately following another rotational move, such as a roundoff, so as to take advantage of the angular momentum developed in the earlier move.

Variations


right|thumb|250px|A_pitch_tuck,_performed_by_acro dancers.

*Back tuck
*:In a back tuck, the body is curled up tightly into a ball. The knees are as close to the chest as possible, with the hands clutching the knees. By "tucking" together tightly in this manner, the body is able to reach maximum angular velocity, thus minimizing the time required for the body to complete its revolution.

*Pitch tuck
*:This is an "assisted" back tuck that is executed by partners. One partner forms a "saddle" with his hands. The second partner steps onto the saddle and then the first partner thrusts the saddle upward. The second partner, who is propelled upward with back rotation, executes a back tuck.

*Layout
*:The body is held rigid, with legs together and fully extended, and arms held tightly to the sides. Compared to the back tuck, this move requires both higher angular momentum and greater distance from the floor in order to ensure sufficient time to complete the rotation before landing.

*X-Out
*:The legs are extended outwards to the sides forming a "V" shape, while the arms are extended similarly, mirroring the legs, together defining an "X" shape.

*Flashkick
*:Similar to a layout except that the legs are split along the plane of body rotation.A backflip with one leg extended resembling a kicking motion while inverted.

*Gainer
*:A gainer is any back flip that ends with the performer forward of the starting point. This differs from most other back flips, in which the flip ends with the performer either at or behind the starting point.

*Standing back tuck
*:A back tuck that is executed from a stationary, standing position.

*Catwalk
*:Similar to a back tuck, but with legs moving in a running motion.

*Rodeo backflip
*:Generally performed with accumulated momentum from a roundoff or back handspring, a very high and slow ratating flip where at the height of the flip one grabs the lower ankles and bends legs backward while yet keeping the legs someone spread. This position should be held for a moment, "floating" in the arced position until the downward cycle and landing of the flip commences. The body must remain loose, arced, and flexible while airborne to give it the floating look. This aerial is commonly used in sports such as aggressive inline and freestyle aerial snowboarding.

*Jesus Flip
*:Usually performed proceding a roundoff or back handspring, the performer jumps straight into the air with their hands spread outward resembling a cross, and at their peak height quickly tucks knees to complete flip and land.

*Fulltwist
*:A backflip performed with a additional 360 twist while inverted.A layout with a 360 degree twist at peak height while inverted.(more then a 360 degree rotation can be performed resulting in a double or triple full)

*Gainer Switch
*:A backflip launched and landed off the same leg.

*Flash Out
*:A backflip with a X-out and Flashkick performed while inverted.

*Slant/Cheat Gainer/Boomerang Flip
*:A backflip variation where the performer never becomes completly inverted, instead giving the appearance of a backflip but hips never pass directly over head.

*Corkscrew
*:Derived from Capoeira the Corkscrew is a Slant Gainer performed with a 360 twist, or in essence a slanted gainer fulltwist.

ee also

*Front flip
*Somersault
*Back handspring

References

* [http://gymnastics.about.com/od/trainingadvice/ss/learnbackflip.htm Learn a Back Tuck]
* [http://www.shanfan.com/code/backtuckfx.gifAnimation of a backtuck]
* [http://www.martinvidic.com/martinvidic_en_2006/flash_mavi/gymnastics_backflip_tuck_back_flip.htm An online instruction for the back tuck]
* [http://trickstutorials.com/index.php?page=content/t_backflip Tutorial for back tuck]

External links

* [http://gymnastics.about.com/od/trainingadvice/ss/learnbackflip.htm Step-by-Step How to Do a Back Flip]
*


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