Charing Cross tube station


Charing Cross tube station
Charing Cross London Underground
CharingCrossTubeSign.jpg
Mural of the construction of Charing Cross on Northern line platforms
Charing Cross is located in Central London
{{{alt}}}
Charing Cross

Location of Charing Cross in Central London#
Location Charing Cross
Local authority City of Westminster
Managed by London Underground
Owner London Underground
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 1
Interchange Charing Cross NR [1]

London Underground annual entry and exit
2008 increase 23.390 million[2]
2009 decrease 22.842 million[2]
2010 decrease 21.390 million[2]

1906 Opened (BS&WR)
1907 Opened (CCE&HR)
1973 Closed (Northern Line)
1979 Opened (Jubilee Line)
1979 Reopened (Northern Line)
1999 Closed (Jubilee Line)

List of stations Underground · National Rail

Coordinates: 51°30′29″N 0°07′29″W / 51.508°N 0.12475°W / 51.508; -0.12475

Charing Cross tube station is a London Underground station at Charing Cross in the City of Westminster with entrances located in Trafalgar Square and The Strand. The station is served by the Northern and Bakerloo lines and provides an interchange with the National Rail network at Charing Cross station. On the Northern Line it is between Embankment and Leicester Square stations on the Charing Cross branch, and on the Bakerloo Line it is between Embankment and Piccadilly Circus stations. The station is in Travelcard Zone 1.

The station was served by the Jubilee Line between 1979 and 1999, acting as the southern terminus of the line during that period.

For most of the history of the Underground the name Charing Cross was associated not with this station but with the station now known as Embankment. See below for the complex history of the name.

Contents

History

The Northern line and Bakerloo line parts of the station were originally opened as two separate stations and were combined when the now defunct Jubilee Line platforms were opened. The constituent stations also underwent a number of name changes during their history.

The first part of the complex, the Bakerloo line platforms, was opened as Trafalgar Square by the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR) on 10 March 1906.

The Northern line platforms were opened as Charing Cross by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway (CCE&HR, now the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line) on 22 June 1907. At its opening this station was the southern terminus of the CCE&HR which ran to two northern termini at Golders Green and Highgate (now Archway) tube stations.

Although both lines were owned and operated by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL), there was no direct connection below ground and passengers interchanging between the lines had to do so via two sets of lifts and the surface.

In an effort to improve interchange capabilities, the CCE&HR was extended the short distance south under Charing Cross main line station to connect with the BS&WR and the District Railway (another UERL line), opening as such on 6 April 1914. The interchange station between the BS&WR and District had been know hitherto as Charing Cross (District) and Embankment (BS&WR). The original CCE&HR terminus to the north of Charing Cross main line station was renamed Charing Cross (Strand) and the new station and the BS&WR station to the south of the main line station was named Charing Cross (Embankment). These names lasted only a short time: on 9 May 1915, Charing Cross (Strand) was renamed Strand and for Charing Cross (Embankment) the tube lines adopted the District Railway name of Charing Cross. At the same time, the separate Strand station on the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway was also renamed Aldwych to avoid confusion.

The Northern line Strand station was closed on 4 June 1973 to enable the construction of the new Jubilee line platforms. These platforms were constructed between the Bakerloo line and Northern line platforms together with the long missing below ground interchange between those two lines. In anticipation of the new interchange station, from 4 August 1974 Charing Cross was renamed Charing Cross Embankment. The Jubilee line platforms and the refurbished Northern Line platforms opened on 1 May 1979 from which date the combined station including Trafalgar Square was given its current name; simultaneously Charing Cross Embankment reverted to the original BS&WR name of Embankment, ending 109 years of association with the name Charing Cross.

three extracts of the London Underground tube map showing how station names have changed at Embankment and Charing Cross stations
How the Charing Cross area of the London Underground Map looked in 1972 and 1979 alongside the same area in 2006

Although Charing Cross was constructed as the southern terminus of the Jubilee line, plans already existed to continue the line to the east towards Lewisham in south-east London. The tunnels were therefore constructed beyond the station beneath Strand as far as 143 Strand, almost as far as Aldwych station which would have been the next stop on the line. The subsequent regeneration of the Docklands in London's East End during the 1980s and 1990s required additional transport infrastructure and the eventual route of the extension took the new tunnels south from Green Park to provide new interchanges at Westminster, Waterloo and London Bridge stations and then on to Greenwich and Stratford.

The new tunnels branch away from the original south of Green Park station and, on the opening of the final section of the line between Green Park and Waterloo stations on 20 November 1999, the Jubilee Line platforms at Charing Cross were closed to the travelling public. The escalators continuing down to the closed platforms can, however, still be seen through closed doors at the bottom of the escalators from the ticket hall.

Design

One of the entrances to Charing Cross tube station from Trafalgar Square.

A 100 metre (330 ft) long mural along the Northern line platforms was designed by David Gentleman. It shows scenes from the construction of the original Charing Cross, memorial of Eleanor of Castile, the wife of Edward I.

Former Jubilee line platforms

Although now closed to the public, the Jubilee Line platforms of Charing Cross station are still maintained by TfL for use by film and television makers needing a modern Underground station location. While still open they were used in the 1987 film The Fourth Protocol, and after closure in numerous productions, including different episodes of the television series Spooks, the films Creep (2004), 28 Weeks Later (2007), The Deaths of Ian Stone (2007) and the video for the Alex Parks's single "Cry".

In 2006, it was proposed that an extension to the Docklands Light Railway from Bank station would take over the platforms. Intermediate stations at Aldwych and City Thameslink would be opened, mirroring the planned route of the old Fleet Line.

In 2010, the concourse serving the platforms was used for London Underground's licensed busking auditions.[3]

The Jubilee Line platforms are still used by Jubilee Line trains as a sidings to reverse trains from south to north; to do so southbound trains terminate and detrain at Green Park Station and are worked empty to Charing Cross platform. The tunnels also extend beyond the platforms into the "Overrun". Each overrun has the capacity to stable a further two trains each.

Transport connections

London bus routes 6, 9, 11, 13, 15, 23, 87, 91, 139, 176, 388 and night route N9, N11, N13, N15, N21, N26, N44, N47, N91, N343, N550 and N551 all serve the station and its surrounding areas.

Nearby places of interest

References

  • Demuth, Tim (2004). The Spread of London's Underground, 2nd ed. Published by Capital Transport, in co-operation with London Transport Museum. ISBN 1-85414-277-1. 
  • Harris, Cyril M (2004). What's in a name?, 4th ed. (reprint). Published by Capital Transport, in co-operation with London Transport Museum. ISBN 1-85414-241-0. 

External links

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Bakerloo line
Northern line
Charing Cross branch
towards Morden or Kennington
    Former services    
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line Terminus
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
Phase 2 (never constructed)
towards Fenchurch Street

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charing Cross railway station — Not to be confused with Charing Cross tube station or Charing Cross (Glasgow) railway station. Charing Cross London Charing Cross Appr …   Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross station — may refer to: In London, England: Charing Cross railway station Charing Cross tube station (on the London Underground) Embankment tube station was previously named Charing Cross In Glasgow, Scotland: Charing Cross (Glasgow) railway station …   Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross roof collapse — Charing Cross railway station nearing completion in 1864, showing the western sidewall and arched ironwork at the river end that collapsed in 1905. On 5 December 1905, the iron and glass overall arched roof of London Charing Cross collapsed… …   Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross (disambiguation) — Charing Cross can refer to: In Australia: Charing Cross, New South Wales Charing Cross, Bendigo, Victoria In England: Charing Cross, London Charing Cross Road Charing Cross railway station Charing Cross tube station Charing Cross Hospital In… …   Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross — For other meanings of Charing Cross, see Charing Cross (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5073°N 0.12755°W / …   Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross Road — For the 1935 film, see Charing Cross Road (film). Charing Cross Road, London, looking north from its junction with Cranbourn Street Charing Cross Road is a street in central London running immediately north of St Martin in the Fields to St Giles… …   Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway — Hampstead tube redirects here. For Hampstead tube station, see Hampstead tube station. Geographic route map of Charing Cross, Euston Hampstead Railway The Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway (CCE HR), also known as the Hampstead tube, was …   Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway — Streckennetz der Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway Die Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway (CCE HR, auch als Hampstead Tube bekannt) war eine Vorgängergesellschaft der heutigen London Underground, der U Bahn der britischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross (London Underground) — Zugang zur Station vom Trafalgar Square aus Zugang zur Station 1974 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charing Cross (Northern Line) tube crash — The Charing Cross (Northern Line) tube crash occurred at 08:32 hours on 10 March 1938, when two Northern Line trains collided near Charing Cross (now Embankment). Twelve people were slightly injured. The cause was a wrong side failure of the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.