Dippel's oil


Dippel's oil

Dippel's Oil (sometimes known as Bone Oil) is a nitrogenous by-product of the destructive distillation manufacture of bone char [1]. This liquid is dark colored and highly viscous with an unpleasant smell. The oil contains the organic base pyrrole. It is named after its inventor, Johann Conrad Dippel,

Dippel's oil had a number of uses which are now mostly obsolete. These included medicinal uses,[2] use as an alcohol denaturant, as an ingredient in sheep dips, as an animal repellent (tradenamed as "Renardine"), as an insecticide, and as a chemical warfare harassing agent. By not being lethal, the oil was claimed to not be in breach of the Geneva Protocol. During the desert campaign of World War II, the oil was used to render wells undrinkable and thus deny their use to the enemy.[3][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sadtler, S. P. 1883. Recent studies on the constitution of the alkaloids. Scientific American Supplement, No. 415, December 15, 1883. [1]
  2. ^ Hartshorne, H. 1881. Distillation in The Household Cyclopedia. Thomas Kelly, New York [2]
  3. ^ UK War Cabinet (22 August 1940). "Note on Method of Dealing with Drinking Water". THE MIDDLE EAST : DIRECTIVE TO THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF. pp. 7. http://filestore.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pdfs/small/cab-66-11-wp-40-330-10.pdf. 
  4. ^ "War diary of New Zealand Engineers, Western Desert Railway". 26 May 1942. "Drew sterilising powder and other assorted poisons to adulterate our drinking water and took some to wells." 



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  • Dippel's oil — Dip pel s oil (Chem.) [From the name of the inventor.] See {Bone oil}, under {Bone}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dippel's oil — Bone Bone (b[=o]n; 110), n. [OE. bon, ban, AS. b[=a]n; akin to Icel. bein, Sw. ben, Dan. & D. been, G. bein bone, leg; cf. Icel. beinn straight.] 1. (Anat.) The hard, calcified tissue of the skeleton of vertebrate animals, consisting very largely …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dippel's oil — noun dark colored ill smelling oil obtained by carbonizing bone; used especially in sheep dips and in denaturing alcohol • Syn: ↑bone oil • Hypernyms: ↑animal oil …   Useful english dictionary

  • DIPPEL'S OIL —    an oil obtained from the distinctive distillation of horn bones …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Dippel oil — kaulų alyva statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Kaulų koksavimo skystasis produktas. atitikmenys: angl. animal oil; bone oil; Dippel oil; hartshorn oil rus. костяное масло …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • DIPPEL, JOHANN KONRAD —    a celebrated German alchemist; professed to have discovered the philosopher s stone; did discover Prussian blue, and an animal oil that bears his name (1672 1734) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Johann Conrad Dippel — Johann Konrad Dippel. Johann Konrad Dippel (August 10, 1673 – April 25, 1734) was a German pietist theologian, alchemist and physician. Contents 1 Life 2 Connection to …   Wikipedia

  • bone oil — noun 1. the liquid portion of bone fat; used as a lubricant and in leather manufacture • Hypernyms: ↑animal oil • Part Holonyms: ↑bone fat 2. dark colored ill smelling oil obtained by carbonizing bone; used especially in sheep dips and in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Neatsfoot oil — is a yellow oil rendered and purified from the shin bones and feet (but not the hooves) of cattle. Neat in the oil s name comes from an old name for cattle. Today, many[ …   Wikipedia

  • animal oil — noun any oil obtained from animal substances • Hypernyms: ↑oil, ↑animal material • Hyponyms: ↑drying oil, ↑blubber, ↑bone oil, ↑Dippel s oil, ↑cod liver oil, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary


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