Mountain guns are artillery pieces designed for use in mountain warfare and areas where usual wheeled transport is not possible. They are similar to infantry support guns, and are generally capable of being broken down into smaller loads (for transport by horse, human, mule, tractor, and/or truck).
Due to their ability to be broken down into smaller "packages", they are sometimes called pack guns or pack howitzers. During the U.S. Civil War these small portable guns were widely used and were called "mountain howitzers."
The first designs of modern breechloading mountain guns with recoil control and able to be easily broken down and reassembled into highly efficient units were made by two Greek army engineers, P. Lykoudis and Panagiotis Danglis (after whom the Schneider-Danglis gun was named) in the 1890s.
Mountain guns are largely outdated, their role being filled by mortars, multiple rocket launchers, recoilless rifles and wire-guided missiles. Most modern artillery is manufactured from light-weight materials and can be transported fully assembled by helicopters.
- List of mountain artillery
Mule transport of barrel of US Army 75 mm pack howitzer circa. 1916
German crew using a Skoda 75 mm Model 15 as an improvised anti-tank gun, 1918
British 3.7 inch Mountain Howitzer crew in action in Burma, 1944
Spanish Marines manning an Oto Melara 105 mm pack howitzer in 1981
- Popular Science, May 1941, "The Old Army Army Mule Takes Guns Where Wheels Won't Go"
- Assembling the Howitzer detail photos showing a 75mm howitzer's various sections being taken off mules and assembled
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mountain gun — kalnų pabūklas statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Lengvoji patranka, haubica, minosvaidis, kurių konstrukcija leidžia juos vežti išrinktus (nešuliuose). Kalnų pabūklas gali šaudyti dideliu pakilimo kampu iš uždarųjų ugnies pozicijų ir… … Artilerijos terminų žodynas
mountain gun — noun : a gun used by mountain artillery and capable of being transported on muleback … Useful english dictionary
BL 10 pounder Mountain Gun — Infobox Weapon name=Ordnance BL 10 pounder Mountain Gun caption=Indian Army 10 pounder mountain gun, East Africa, World War I origin=flagcountry|United Kingdom type=Mountain gun is artillery=yes is ranged=yes is bladed= is explosive=yes is UK=yes … Wikipedia
QF 2.95 inch Mountain Gun — Infobox Weapon name=QF 2.95 inch Mountain Gun caption=British QF 2.95 inch mountain gun, Cameroons and Togoland campaign, WWI origin=flagcountry|United Kingdom type=Mountain gun is ranged=yes is artillery=yes is explosive=yes is UK=yes… … Wikipedia
RML 2.5 inch Mountain Gun — Infobox Weapon name= Ordnance RML 2.5 inch Mountain Gun caption=Indian Army gunners assembling the gun, circa. 1895 origin= UK type=mountain gun is artillery=yes is ranged=yes is bladed= is explosive=yes is UK=yes service=1879 1916 used… … Wikipedia
2.75 inch Mountain Gun — Infobox Weapon is artillery=yes caption=Men of the 4th (Highland) Mountain Brigade with convert|2.75|in|mm|sing=on mountain gun, Kamberli, Salonika front, June 1918. Contributed by [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org Mike Morrison] name=Ordnance BL 2.75… … Wikipedia
RML 7 pounder Mountain Gun — Infobox Weapon name= Ordnance RML 7 pounder Mk IV Mountain Gun caption=No. 4 (Hazara) Mountain Battery with RML 7 pounder circa. 1895 origin= UK type=mountain gun is artillery=yes is ranged=yes is bladed= is explosive=yes is UK=yes service=1873… … Wikipedia
Type 41 75 mm Mountain Gun — Infobox Weapon name=Type 41 75 mm Mountain Gun caption=A Type 41 at the Yasukuni Shrine origin=Germany type=mountain gun is ranged= is bladed= is explosive= is artillery=yes is vehicle= is UK= service=1908 1945 used by=JPN wars=World War I, 2nd… … Wikipedia
76 mm mountain gun M1938 — Infobox Weapon name=76 mm mountain gun M1938 caption=M1938 in the Finnish Artillery Museum. origin=Czechoslovakia type=mountain gun is ranged= is bladed= is explosive= is artillery=yes is vehicle= is UK= service= used by= wars= designer=Skoda… … Wikipedia
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