Apteral

Apteral (from the Greek απτερος, "wingless": α-, "without" + πτερον, "wing") is an architectural term applied to amphiprostyle temples which have no columns on the sides. In the temple Athena Nike known as "Nike Apteros", the adjective is used, not as applying to the goddess of victory but to the absence of any peristyle on the sides.

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  • Apteral — Ap ter*al, a. 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Apterous. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arch.) Without lateral columns; applied to buildings which have no series of columns along their sides, but are either prostyle or amphiprostyle, and opposed to {peripteral}. R. Cyc. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • apteral — [ap′tər əl] adj. [Gr apteros (see APTEROUS) + AL] 1. Archit. having columns at one or both ends, but not along the sides 2. Zool. APTEROUS …   English World dictionary

  • apteral — /ap teuhr euhl/, adj. Archit. 1. (of a classical temple) not having a surrounding colonnade; not peripteral. 2. (of a church) having no aisles. 3. (of a church façade) revealing no aisles. [1825 35; < Gk ápter(os) wingless (a A 6 + pteros… …   Universalium

  • apteral — ap·ter·al …   English syllables

  • apteral — ap•ter•al [[t]ˈæp tər əl[/t]] adj. archit. (of a classical temple or other building) having columns at one or both ends but not on the sides • Etymology: 1825–35; < Gk ápter(os) wingless (see apterous) + al I …   From formal English to slang

  • apteral — /ˈæptərəl/ (say aptuhruhl) adjective 1. (especially of a classical temple) without columns or a porch along the sides. 2. (of a church) without aisles. {Greek apteros without wings} …   Australian English dictionary

  • apteral —   a. (of classical temple) having columns at front or back only; (of church) lacking aisles: apterous …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • apteral — adjective 1. having columns at one or both ends but not along the sides • Ant: ↑peripteral • Similar to: ↑amphiprostylar, ↑amphiprostyle, ↑amphistylar, ↑porticoed, ↑prostyle, ↑pseudoprostyle …   Useful english dictionary

  • Apterous — Ap ter*ous, a. 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Destitute of wings; apteral; as, apterous insects. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) Destitute of winglike membranous expansions, as a stem or petiole; opposed to {alate}. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Peripteral — Pe*rip ter*al, a. [Gr., fr. ? + ? feather, wing, row of columns.] (Arch.) Having columns on all sides; said of an edifice. See {Apteral}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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