Napoleon Louis Bonaparte


Napoleon Louis Bonaparte
Louis II
A portrait of Napoléon Louis Bonaparte.
King of Holland
Reign 1 July 1810 – 9 July 1810
(8 days)
Predecessor Louis I of Holland
Successor None
Kingdom annexed
Grand Duke of Berg and Cleves
Reign 3 March 1809 – 1 December 1813
(&100000000000000040000004 years, &10000000000000273000000273 days)
Predecessor Joachim Murat
Successor None
Grand duchy abolished
Regent Napoleon I
Spouse Charlotte Napoléone Bonaparte
Father Louis I of Holland
Mother Hortense de Beauharnais
Born 11 October 1804
Paris, France
Died 17 March 1831(1831-03-17) (aged 26)
Forlì, Italy
Burial Saint-Leu-la-Forêt

Napoléon Louis Bonaparte (October 11, 1804 – March 17, 1831), or Louis II of Holland, was the middle son of Louis Napoléon, King of Holland, and Hortense de Beauharnais. His father was the younger brother of Emperor Napoléon I and king of Holland, while his mother was the daughter of Josephine de Beauharnais, Napoléon's first wife. Napoléon Louis's elder brother, Napoléon Charles, died in 1807, when he was only four years old. On his death, Napoléon Louis became Prince Royal of the Kingdom of Holland. It also made Napoléon Louis the eldest nephew of the Emperor, who at the time had no children, and likely eventual successor, a status he lost on March 20, 1811, when his uncle's second wife, Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, gave birth to a son, Napoléon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, styled King of Rome and later Duke of Reichstadt.

In 1809 Napoléon appointed him as Grand Duke of Berg, a status he kept to 1813.

For the five days between his father's abdication and the fall of Holland to the invading French army in 1810, Louis Napoléon reigned as Lodewijk II, King of Holland.

When Napoléon was deposed in 1815 after the Battle of Waterloo the House of Bourbon was restored to the throne of France. Napoléon Louis fled into exile, but the Bonapartes never abandoned the thought of restoring the Napoleonic Empire.

Napoléon Louis married his first cousin, Charlotte, the daughter of Joseph Bonaparte, eldest brother of Napoléon I. He and his younger brother Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte settled in Italy, where they espoused liberal politics and became involved with the Carbonari, an organization fighting Austria's domination of northern Italy. On 17 March 1831, while fleeing Italy due to a crackdown on revolutionary activity by Papal and Austrian troops, Napoléon Louis, suffering from measles, died the arms of his brother in Forlì.[1] Eventually the Napoleonic Empire was restored by Napoléon Louis's younger brother who became Napoléon III in 1852.

Napoléon Louis is buried at Saint-Leu-La-Foret, Île-de-France.

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Sebastiano Nicolo Buonaparte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Giuseppe Maria Buonaparte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Maria-Anna Tusilo di Bocognano
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Carlo Buonaparte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Giuseppe Maria Paravicini
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Maria-Saveria Paravicini
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Maria-Angela Salineri
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Louis I Bonaparte, King of Holland and Comte de Saint-Leu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Giovanni-Agostino Ramolino
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Giovanni Geronimo Ramolino
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Angela-Maria Peri
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Letizia Ramolino
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Giuseppe Pietrasanta
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Angela Maria Pietrasanta
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Maria-Giuseppe Malerba
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Louis II Bonaparte, King of Holland and Grand Duke of Berg and Cleves
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. François de Beauharnais, marquis de la Ferté-Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Renée Hardouineau de Laudanière
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. François-Louis de Pyvart de Chastullé
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Marie Anne Henriette Françoise de Pyvart de Chastullé
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Jeanne Hardouineau de Laudanière
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Hortense de Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Gaspard Joseph Tascher de la Pagerie
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Joseph-Gaspard Tascher de la Pagerie
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Françoise Bourreau de la Chevalerie
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Joséphine Tascher de La Pagerie
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Joseph François des Vergers de Sannois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Rose-Claire des Vergers de Sannois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Catherine Marie Brown
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

  1. ^ Bresler 1999, pp. 94–95
Napoleon Louis Bonaparte
Born: 11 October 1804 Died: 17 March 1831
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Louis I
King of Holland
1 July 1810 – 9 July 1810
Vacant
Title next held by
William I
as King of the Netherlands
Preceded by
Joachim Murat
Grand Duke of Berg and Cleves
3 March 1809 – 1 December 1813
Grand Duchy abolished



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