North Head and Quarantine Head are to the north, South Head and Dunbar Head are to the south. Middle Head, Georges Head and Chowder Head are to the west and within the bay. The Hornby Lighthouse is located on South Head and is Australia's third oldest lighthouse. Macquarie Lighthouse, Australia's first lighthouse, is a few kilometres to the south on Dunbar Head.
The Sydney Quarantine station is located on North Head and is one of the few facilities still in existence which once operated in each state of Australia until the 1980s. From 1828 Spring Cove, on the western side of North Head, was used to quarantine new arrivals to Sydney to minimise the spread of communicable diseases such as smallpox and whooping cough. In 1832, the whole area of North Head was set aside for a quarantine station. A permanent quarantine facility was set up in 1837 and continued to operate until 1984. Vietnamese refugees were housed there in 1975 and Cyclone Tracy victims from Darwin, Northern Territory in 1975-6. The Station was finally closed in 1984 and the 'management' of the site passed to the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service.
From 1934, defence facilities were installed on the headland but were wound down in 1945. From 1953 there was a School of Artillery and it used the former defence facilities. The harbour reserve was established in 1979. The School of Artillery relocated to Puckapunyal army base in Victoria in 1998, but there remained an artillery museum on the headland. In 2001 the site was passed to the Sydney Harbour Federation Trust for management. In 2010 the artillery collection was moved to the Army Museum Bandiana in Victoria; the Trust plans to establish an exhibition on the defence of Sydney on the site. Also located on North Head is the Australian Institute of Police Management, housed in a secure compound which formerly was the 'Seamen's Quarters' of the Quarantine Station; a place where sailors with acquired STDs were treated and securely confined behind high sandstone walls (prior to the development of modern antibiotics).
A twenty-minute foreshore walk on the South Head Heritage Trail offers dramatic views of Middle Head, Manly, North Head and the Pacific Ocean. Starting at the delightful Camp Cove Beach, an 1870s cobblestone path leads first to Lady Bay (also known as Lady Jane) Beach, one of three in Sydney where nude bathing is lawful. It then loops around the headland, passing Hornby Lighthouse, its lightkeepers' cottages, and several gun emplacements from the end of the 19th century.
HMAS Watson, the Royal Australian Navy training base, is also located at South Head.
Middle Head is home to an extensive network of defence fortifications and tunnels, including the Middle Head Fortifications, the Georges Head Battery and the Lower Georges Heights Commanding Position and other forts located around Sydney Harbour. The fortifications feature 'Tiger Cages' where the military trained soldiers by simulating prisoner of war conditions in Vietnam.
HMAS Penguin is located at Middle Harbour.
Middle Head, Mosman
- Bradleys Head
- Clark Island (Australia)
- Dobroyd Head
- Goat Island
- Rodd Island
- Shark Island
- Sydney Harbour National Park
- Cockatoo Island
- ^ North Head
- ^ a b Australian National Heritage listing for North Head
- ^ "North Head Quarantine Station". Department of Environment & Conservation (NSW). http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/npws.nsf/Content/North+Head+Quarantine+Station. Retrieved 18 April 2006.
- ^ "Former School of Artillery, North Head". Sydney Harbour Federation Trust. Archived from the original on 19 February 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060219230955/http://www.harbourtrust.gov.au/topics/sitesnorthhead.html. Retrieved 18 April 2006.
- ^ Army Museum Bandiana Retrieved 20 December 2010
- ^ "Last Rounds for Artillery Museum at North Head" Retrieved 20 December 2010
- ^ Middle Head
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sydney Bristow — Alias character Jennifer Garner as Sydney Bristow First appearance … Wikipedia
Sydney Harbour National Park — is a national park comprising parts of Sydney Harbour, its foreshores and various islands. The park lies within the Sydney metropolitan area and was created in piecemeal fashion over a long period of time. Much of the harbour foreshores had been… … Wikipedia
Sydney (disambiguation) — The name Sydney is originally an alternate spelling of the surname Sidney. This spelling has been regularly used as a given name since the 19th century, and recently has been one of the fastest growing given names for female infants in the United … Wikipedia
Sydney Conservatorium of Music — Established 1916 Type Public Dean Kim Walker … Wikipedia
Sydney Cricket Club — play in the world renowned Sydney Grade Cricket Competition. In 2007 the UTS Balmain club merged with the Sydney Cricket Ground Trust and are now known as Sydney CC or Sydney Cricket Club or just simply Sydney Tigers. With over 100 years of… … Wikipedia
Sydney Grammar School — Infobox Aust school private name = Sydney Grammar School motto = Laus Deo (Latin: Praise be to God ) established = 1857cite web|url = http://www.schoolchoice.com.au/find a school?cid=12345 pid=2702045|title = Sydney Grammar School|accessdate =… … Wikipedia
Sydney Church of England Grammar School — Infobox Aust school private name = Sydney Church of England Grammar School motto = Vitai Lampada Tradunt (Lucretius: They Hand on the Torch of Life )cite web|url = http://www.shore.nsw.edu.au/html/overview.html|title =General… … Wikipedia
Sydney Hilton bombing — Infobox civilian attack title=Sydney Hilton bombing location=coord|33|52|19|S|151|12|26|E|type:landmark region:AU|display=inline,title Hilton Hotel, Sydney, Australia date=13 February, 1978 time=1:40am type=Bomb fatalities=2 garbagemen, 1… … Wikipedia
Sydney Roosters — Infobox rugby league club clubname = Sydney Roosters fullname = Eastern Suburbs District Rugby League Football Club nickname = The Chooks, Tricolours short name = Easts, Eastern Suburbs, Sydney founded = 1908 as Eastern Suburbs ground = Sydney… … Wikipedia
Sydney Newman — Infobox Person name = Sydney Newman image size = 250px caption = Sydney Newman, interviewed in 1984 for the BBC s Oral History Project. birth date = birth date|mf=yes|1917|4|1|mf=y birth place = Toronto, Ontario, Canada death date = Death date… … Wikipedia