Chorioretinitis

Chorioretinitis
Classification and external resources

Photograph taken of the back of the eye (fundoscopy) of an AIDS patient with chorioretinitis.
ICD-10 H30.9
ICD-9 363.20
DiseasesDB 2613
MeSH D002825
Ophthalmoscopic findings during vitrectomy. The video shows the whitish cloudy cords and the white retinal spots found during vitrectomy. In a case of placoid chorioretinitis due to Treponema pallidum.

Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the choroid (thin pigmented vascular coat of the eye) and retina of the eye. It is also known as choroid retinitis.

Contents

Symptoms

The symptoms are the presence of floating black spots and blurry vision.

Causes

Chorioretinitis is often caused by toxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus infections and mostly affects young children or immunocompromised subjects (such as people with AIDS or on immunosuppressant drugs).[1] Congenital toxoplasmosis via transplacental transmission can also lead to sequelae such as chorioretinitis along with hydrocephalus and cerebral calcifications. Other possible causes of chorioretinitis are syphilis and onchocerciasis.

Treatment

It is treated with a combination of corticosteroids and antibiotics. If there is an underlying cause such as AIDS, specific therapy can be started as well.

Footnotes

  1. ^ Kasper et al., eds. p.959, 1038.

References

  • Kasper et al., ed (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine (16th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-140235-7. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chorioretinītis — (griech.), Entzündung der Aderhaut und Netzhaut des Auges …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chorioretinitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 H30 Chorioretinitis H32 Chorioretinale Affektionen bei anderenorts klassifizierten Krankheiten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chorioretinitis — noun An inflammation of the choroid and retina of the eye …   Wiktionary

  • chorioretinitis — SYN: retinochoroiditis. c. sclopetaria proliferation of fibrous tissue in the choroid and retina as the result of contusion of the sclera by a high velocity missile. [L. sclopetum, 14th century Italian handgun] * * * cho·rio·ret·i·ni·tis .ret ən… …   Medical dictionary

  • Chorioretinitis — Chorio|retini̱tis [zu ↑Chorioidea u. ↑Retina] w; , ...niti̱den (in fachspr. Fügungen: ...ni̱tides): Entzündung der Aderhaut u. der Netzhaut des Auges …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • chorioretinitis — cho·rio·retinitis …   English syllables

  • chorioretinitis — noun inflammation of the choroid layer behind the retina • Hypernyms: ↑retinitis …   Useful english dictionary

  • chorioretinitis sclopetaria — a concussive, nonpenetrating injury characterized by choroidal and retinal rupturing, hemorrhage, fibrosis, retinal destruction, and poor vision; caused by orbital injury from a missile such as a bullet …   Medical dictionary

  • toxoplasmic chorioretinitis — a unilateral or bilateral condition seen most often as a late sequel of congenital toxoplasmosis, with recurrent episodes of ocular pain and decreased vision with progressive visual loss; there are deep, heavily pigmented, necrotic lesions in… …   Medical dictionary

  • хориоретинит — (chorioretinitis; хорио + анат. retina сетчатка + ит; син. ретинохориоидит) сочетанное воспаление сетчатки и собственно сосудистой оболочки глаза …   Большой медицинский словарь


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