List of Prime Ministers of Greece


List of Prime Ministers of Greece

This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Greek state from its establishment during the Greek Revolution to the present day. Although in the early decades various official and semi-official appellations were used, the title of Prime Minister has become the formal designation of the office at least since 1843.

Color key

First Hellenic Republic (1822–1832)

The heads of government of the provisional Greek state during the Greek War of Independence.{| class="wikitable"
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"! #! colspan=2 |Name! Born/Died! Took Office! Left Office! Party! Notes
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"!colspan=8 | "Provisional Administration of Greece" (1822–1827)
-!style="background-color: White" |1
Alexandros Mavrokordatos|
1791–1865
January 13 1822
May 10 1823|
President of the Executive
-!style="background-color: White" |2
Petros Mavromichalis|
1765–1848
May 10 1823
December 31 1823|
President of the Executive
-!style="background-color: White" |3
Georgios Kountouriotis|
1782–1858
December 31 1823
April 26 1826|
President of the Executive
-!style="background-color: White" |4
Andreas Zaimis|
1791–1840
April 26 1826
April 14 1827|
President of the Governmental Commission
-!style="background-color: White"
Georgios Mavromichalis
Ioannis Nakos
Ioannis Milaitis|
1800–1831
April 15 1827
January 24 1828|
Acting Governmental Commission
-
-!colspan=8 | "Hellenic State" (1827–1832)
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |5
Ioannis Kapodistrias|
1776–1831
January 24 1828
October 9 1831
Russian Party
Governor of Greece (Head of state and government), assassinated
-!style="background-color: White"
Spyridon Trikoupis|
1788–1873
February 1 1828
February 17 1829|
Chief Secretary of State, under Governor I. Kapodistrias
-!style="background-color: White"
Nikolaos Spiliadis|
1785–1867
February 17 1829
October 9 1831|
Chief Secretary of State, under Governor I. Kapodistrias
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |6
Augustinos Kapodistrias|
1778–1857
October 9 1831
April 8 1832
Russian Party
Governor of Greece
-!style="background-color: White"
Ioannis Kolettis
Theodoros Kolokotronis
Andreas Zaimis
Andreas Metaxas
Dimitrios Boundouris|
1774–1847
1770–1843
1791–1840
1786–1860
April 8 1832
April 14 1832|
Governmental Commission
-!style="background-color: White"
Georgios Kountouriotis
Dimitrios Ypsilantis
Ioannis Kolettis
Spyridon Trikoupis
Andreas Zaimis
Andreas Metaxas|
1782–1858
1793–1832
1774–1847
1788–1873
1791–1840
1786–1860
April 14 1832
October 3 1832|
Governmental Commission
-!style="background-color: White"
Ioannis Kolettis
Andreas Zaimis|
1774–1847
1791–1840
October 3 1832
February 6 1833|
Governmental Commission
-

Kingdom of Greece - Wittelsbach Dynasty (1832–1862)

The heads of government during the reign of King Otto.{| class="wikitable"
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"! #! colspan=2 |Name! Born/Died! Took Office! Left Office! Party! Notes
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"!colspan=8 | "Absolute Monarchy" (1832–1843)
-!style="background-color: LightCoral" |7
Spyridon Trikoupis|
1788–1873
February 6 1833
October 24 1833
English Party
President of the Ministerial Council
-!style="background-color: LightCoral" |8
Alexandros Mavrokordatos|
1791–1865
October 24 1833
June 12 1834
English Party
President of the Ministerial Council
-!style="background-color: CornflowerBlue" |9
Ioannis Kolettis|
1774–1847
June 12 1834
June 1 1835
French Party
President of the Ministerial Council
-!style="background-color: White" |10
Count Josef Ludwig von Armansperg|
1787–1853
June 1 1835
February 14 1837|
Chief Secretary of State
-!style="background-color: White" |11
Ignaz von Rundhart|
1790–1838
February 14 1837
December 20 1837|
Chief Secretary of State
-!style="background-color: White" |12
King Otto|
1815–1867
December 20 1837
July 6 1841|
Personally supervised the government
-!style="background-color: LightCoral" |13
Alexandros Mavrokordatos|
1791–1865
July 6 1841
August 22 1841
English Party
Chief Secretary of State
-!style="background-color: White" |14
King Otto|
1815–1867
August 22 1841
September 15 1843|
Personally supervised the government
-
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"!colspan=8 | "Constitutional Monarchy" (1843–1862)
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |15
Andreas Metaxas|
1790–1860
September 15 1843
March 11 1844
Russian Party
New Constitution adopted
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |16
Konstantinos Kanaris|
1790–1877
March 11 1844
April 11 1844
Russian Party|
-!style="background-color: LightCoral" |17
Alexandros Mavrokordatos|
1791–1865
April 11 1844
August 18 1844
English Party|
-!style="background-color: CornflowerBlue" |18
Ioannis Kolettis|
1774–1847
August 18 1844
September 17 1847
French Party|
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |19
Kitsos Tzavelas|
1801–1855
September 17 1847
March 19 1848
Russian Party|
-!style="background-color: CornflowerBlue" |20
Georgios Kountouriotis|
1782–1858
March 19 1848
October 27 1848
French Party|
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |21
Konstantinos Kanaris|
1790–1877
October 27 1848
December 24 1849
Russian Party|
-!style="background-color: LightCoral" |22
Antonios Kriezis|
1796–1865
December 24 1849
May 28 1854
English Party|
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |23
Konstantinos Kanaris|
1790–1877
May 28 1854
July 29 1854
Russian Party|
-!style="background-color: LightCoral" |24
Alexandros Mavrokordatos|
1791–1865
July 29 1854
October 11 1855
English Party|
-!style="background-color: CornflowerBlue" |25
Dimitrios Voulgaris|
1802–1878
October 11 1855
November 25 1857
French Party|
-!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |26
Athanasios Miaoulis|
1815–1867
November 25 1857
June 7 1862||
-!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |27
Gennaios Kolokotronis|
1803–1868
June 7 1862
October 23 1862|
Deposition of King Otto on October 10
-
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"!colspan=8 | "Regency" (1862–1863)
-!style="background-color: CornflowerBlue" |28
Dimitrios Voulgaris|
1802–1878
October 23 1862
February 21 1863
French Party
Head of Provisional Government
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |29
Aristidis Moraitinis|
1806–1875
February 21 1863
February 24 1863
Russian Party
President of the National Assembly
-!style="background-color: White" |30
Zinovios Valvis|
1800–1886
February 24 1863
April 9 1863|
Head of Provisional Government
-!style="background-color: White" |31
Diomidis Kyriakos|
1811–1869
April 9 1863
May 10 1863||
-!style="background-color: CornflowerBlue" |32
Benizelos Rouphos|
1795–1868
May 10 1863
October 30 1863
French Party|

Kingdom of Greece - Glücksburg Dynasty (1863–1924)

The heads of government during the first period of the Glücksburg dynasty.{| class="wikitable"
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"! #! colspan=2 |Name! Born/Died! Took Office! Left Office! Party! Notes
-!style="background-color: CornflowerBlue" |33
Dimitrios Voulgaris|
1802–1878
November 6 1863
March 17 1864
French Party|
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |34
Konstantinos Kanaris|
1790–1877
March 17 1864
April 28 1864
Russian Party
New Constitution adopted
-!style="background-color: White" |35
Zinovios Valvis|
1800–1886
April 28 1864
August 7 1864||
-!style="background-color: MediumSeaGreen" |36
Konstantinos Kanaris|
1790–1877
August 7 1864
February 9 1865
Russian Party|
-!style="background-color: CornflowerBlue" |37
Benizelos Rouphos|
1795–1868
February 9 1865
March 14 1865
French Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |38
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
March 14 1865
November 1 1865||
-!style="background-color: White" |39
Epameinontas Deligeorgis|
1829–1889
November 1 1865
November 15 1865||
-!style="background-color: White" |40
Dimitrios Voulgaris|
1802–1878
November 15 1865
November 18 1865||
-!style="background-color: White" |41
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
November 18 1865
November 25 1865||
-!style="background-color: White" |42
Epameinontas Deligeorgis|
1829–1889
November 25 1865
December 11 1865||
-!style="background-color: White" |43
Benizelos Rouphos|
1795–1868
December 11 1865
June 21 1866||
-!style="background-color: White" |44
Dimitrios Voulgaris|
1802–1878
June 21 1866
December 30 1866||
-!style="background-color: White" |45
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
December 30 1866
January 1 1868||
-!style="background-color: White" |46
Aristidis Moraitinis|
1806–1875
January 1 1868
February 6 1868||
-!style="background-color: White" |47
Dimitrios Voulgaris|
1802–1878
February 6 1868
February 6 1869||
-!style="background-color: White" |48
Thrasyvoulos Zaimis|
1829–1880
February 6 1869
July 22 1870||
-!style="background-color: White" |49
Epameinontas Deligeorgis|
1829–1889
July 22 1870
December 15 1870||
-!style="background-color: White" |50
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
December 15 1870
November 9 1871||
-!style="background-color: White" |51
Thrasyvoulos Zaimis|
1829–1880
November 9 1871
January 6 1872||
-!style="background-color: White" |52
Dimitrios Voulgaris|
1802–1878
January 6 1872
July 20 1872||
-!style="background-color: White" |53
Epameinontas Deligeorgis|
1829–1889
July 20 1872
February 21 1874||
-!style="background-color: White" |54
Dimitrios Voulgaris|
1802–1878
February 21 1874
May 8 1875||
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |55
Charilaos Trikoupis|
1832–1896
May 8 1875
October 27 1875
New Party
Principle of parliamentary majority introduced
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |56
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
October 27 1875
December 8 1876
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |57
Epameinontas Deligeorgis|
1829–1889
December 8 1876
December 13 1876||
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |58
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
December 13 1876
March 10 1877
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |59
Epameinontas Deligeorgis|
1829–1889
March 10 1877
June 1 1877||
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |60
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
June 1 1877
June 7 1877
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |61
Konstantinos Kanaris|
1790–1877
June 7 1877
September 14 1877|
Government of national unity
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |62
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
September 14 1877
November 2 1878
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |63
Charilaos Trikoupis|
1832–1896
November 2 1878
November 7 1878
New Party|
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |64
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
November 7 1878
March 22 1880
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |65
Charilaos Trikoupis|
1832–1896
March 22 1880
October 25 1880
New Party|
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |66
Alexandros Koumoundouros|
1817–1883
October 25 1880
March 15 1882
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |67
Charilaos Trikoupis|
1832–1896
March 15 1882
May 1 1885
New Party|
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |68
Theodoros Deligiannis|
1820–1905
May 1 1885
May 9 1886
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |69
Dimitrios Valvis|
1814–1886
May 9 1886
May 21 1886||
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |70
Charilaos Trikoupis|
1832–1896
May 21 1886
November 5 1890
New Party
Three consecutive terms
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |71
Theodoros Deligiannis|
1820–1905
November 5 1890
March 1 1892
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |72
Konstantinos Konstantopoulos|
1832–1910
March 1 1892
June 22 1892||
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |73
Charilaos Trikoupis|
1832–1896
June 22 1892
May 15 1893
New Party
Public insolvency declared
-!style="background-color: White" |74
Sotirios Sotiropoulos|
1831–1898
May 15 1893
November 11 1893||
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |75
Charilaos Trikoupis|
1832–1896
November 11 1893
January 24 1895
New Party|
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |76
Nikolaos Deligiannis|
1845–1910
January 24 1895
June 11 1895
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |77
Theodoros Deligiannis|
1820–1905
June 11 1895
April 30 1897
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |78
Dimitrios Rallis|
1844–1921
April 30 1897
October 3 1897||
-!style="background-color: White" |79
Alexandros Zaimis|
1855–1936
October 3 1897
April 14 1899||
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |80
Georgios Theotokis|
1844–1916
April 14 1899
November 25 1901
New Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |81
Alexandros Zaimis|
1855–1936
November 25 1901
December 6 1902||
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |82
Theodoros Deligiannis|
1820–1905
December 6 1902
June 27 1903
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |83
Georgios Theotokis|
1844–1916
June 27 1903
July 11 1903
New Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |84
Dimitrios Rallis|
1844–1921
July 11 1903
December 19 1903||
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |85
Georgios Theotokis|
1844–1916
December 19 1903
December 29 1904
New Party|
-!style="background-color: SkyBlue" |86
Theodoros Deligiannis|
1820–1905
December 29 1904
June 13 1905
Nationalist Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |87
Dimitrios Rallis|
1844–1921
June 22 1905
December 21 1905||
-!style="background-color: YellowGreen" |89
Georgios Theotokis|
1844–1916
December 21 1905
July 29 1909
New Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |90
Dimitrios Rallis|
1844–1921
July 29 1909
August 28 1909|
Goudi Pronunciamiento by the Military League
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: White" |91
Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis|
1849–1916
August 28 1909
January 31 1910|
supervised by the Military League
-!style="background-color: White" |92
Stephanos Dragoumis|
1842–1923
January 31 1910
October 18 1910||
-!style="background-color: Gold" |93
Eleftherios Venizelos|
1864–1936
October 18 1910
March 10 1915
Liberal Party
Two terms (Nov. 1910 and 1912 elections). New Constitution adopted. Resigned after disagreement with King Constantine I.
-!style="background-color: White" |94
Dimitrios Gounaris|
1866–1922
March 10 1915
August 23 1915||
-!style="background-color: Gold" |95
Eleftherios Venizelos|
1864–1936
August 23 1915
October 7 1915
Liberal Party
Won May elections, resigned again over disagreement with the king over Greece's entry in the First World War. Begin of National Schism.
-!style="background-color: White" |96
Alexandros Zaimis|
1855–1936
October 7 1915
November 7 1915||
-!style="background-color: White" |97
Stephanos Skouloudis|
1836–1928
November 7 1915
June 22 1916||
-!style="background-color: White" |98
Alexandros Zaimis|
1855–1936
June 22 1916
September 16 1916||
-!style="background-color: White" |99
Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos|
1853–1927
September 16 1916
October 10 1916||
-style="background:Tomato"!style="background-color: Gold"
Eleftherios Venizelos|
1864–1936
September 19 1916
June 27 1917
Liberal Party
Rival "Government of National Defence" controlling northern Greece and Crete. Recognized by World War I Allies as of December 19 1916. Entered World War I.
-!style="background-color: White" |100
Spyridon Lambros|
1851–1919
October 10 1916
February 5 1917|
Official "royal" government, controlling southern Greece
-!style="background-color: White" |101
Alexandros Zaimis|
1855–1936
February 5 1917
June 27 1917|
Official "royal" government, controlling southern Greece
-!style="background-color: Gold" |102
Eleftherios Venizelos|
1864–1936
June 27 1917
November 18 1920
Liberal Party
Abdication of King Constantine after Allied ultimatum. Controlling the entire country, official entry of Greece into the First World War.
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |103
Dimitrios Rallis|
1844–1921
November 18 1920
February 6 1921
People's Party|
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |104
Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos|
1853–1927
February 6 1921
April 8 1921
People's Party|
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |105
Dimitrios Gounaris|
1866–1922
April 8 1921
May 16 1922
People's Party|
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |106
Nikolaos Stratos|
1872–1922
May 16 1922
May 22 1922
People's Party|
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |107
Petros Protopapadakis|
1860–1922
May 22 1922
September 10 1922
People's Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |108
Nikolaos Triantaphyllakos|
1855–1939
September 10 1922
September 29 1922|
Military revolt after the Asia Minor Catastrophe, led by Colonels Nikolaos Plastiras and Stylianos Gonatas
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |109
Anastasios Charalambis|
1862–1949
September 29 1922
September 30 1922
Army Lt. General
Prime Minister for one day in absence of Sotirios Krokidas from Athens
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: White" |110
Sotirios Krokidas|
1852–1924
September 30 1922
November 27 1922|
Head of interim government under military supervision. Resigned over Trial of the Six.
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |111
Stylianos Gonatas|
1876–1966
November 27 1922
January 15 1924
Army Colonel
On Jan. 15, 1924, Plastiras and Gonatas surrendered power to the National Assembly
-!style="background-color: Gold" |112
Eleftherios Venizelos|
1864–1936
January 24 1924
February 19 1924
Liberal Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |113
Georgios Kafantaris|
1873–1946
February 19 1924
March 12 1924||


=Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)=

The heads of government during the Second Hellenic Republic.{| class="wikitable"
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"! #! Name! Born/Died! Took Office! Left Office! Party! Notes
-!style="background-color: White" |114
Alexandros Papanastasiou
1876–1936
March 12 1924
July 24 1924|
Government formed in alliance with Liberal Party. Republic proclaimed on March 25 and confirmed by plebiscite on April 13
-!style="background-color: Gold" |115
Themistoklis Sophoulis
1862–1949
July 24 1924
October 7 1924
Liberal Party|
-!style="background-color: Gold" |116
Andreas Michalakopoulos
1876–1938
October 7 1924
June 26 1925
Liberal Party
Overthrown by coup
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |117
Theodoros Pangalos
1878–1952
June 25 1925
July 19 1926
Lt. General
Dictator
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"
!style="background-color: White" |118
Athanasios Eftaxias
1849–1931
July 19 1926
August 23 1926|
Under Theodoros Pangalos' dictatorship
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |119
Georgios Kondylis
1879–1936
August 23 1926
December 4 1926
Major General
Overthrew Pangalos, head of caretaker government
-!style="background-color: White" |120
Alexandros Zaimis
1855–1936
December 4 1926
July 4 1928||
-!style="background-color: Gold" |121
Eleftherios Venizelos
1864–1936
July 4 1928
May 26 1932
Liberal Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |122
Alexandros Papanastasiou
1876–1936
May 26 1932
June 5 1932
Farmers’ and Workers’ Party|
-!style="background-color: Gold" |123
Eleftherios Venizelos
1864–1936
June 5 1932
November 3 1932
Liberal Party|
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |124
Panagis Tsaldaris
1868–1936
November 3 1932
January 16 1933
People's Party|
-!style="background-color: Gold" |125
Eleftherios Venizelos
1864–1936
January 16 1933
March 6 1933
Liberal Party|
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |126
Alexandros Othonaios
1879–1970
March 6 1933
March 10 1933
Lt. General
Head of military emergency government during the 1933 Venizelist coup attempt.
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |127
Panagis Tsaldaris
1868–1936
March 10 1933
October 10 1935
People's Party
After successful suppression of Venizelist revolt in March 1935, gradual reorientation towards restoration of monarchy. Toppled by Armed Forces.

Kingdom of Greece restored (1935-1973/1974)

The heads of government during the second period of the Glücksburg dynasty, including the rival governments during the Second World War and the Civil War, as well as the 1967-74 military regime.{| class="wikitable"
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"! #! Name! Born/Died! Took Office! Left Office! Party! Notes
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |128
Georgios Kondylis
1879–1936
October 10 1935
November 30 1935
Lt. General and head of National Radical Party
Assumed government, abolished the Republic on October 10, confirmed by plebiscite. Regent until the return of King George II on 3 November 1935.
-!style="background-color: White" |129
Konstantinos Demertzis
1876–1936
November 30 1935
April 12 1936
Professor of Law
Two terms, initially as head of a caretaker government. After the deadlock of the 1936 elections and until his death, head of compromise government.
-style="background-color: DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: White" |130
Ioannis Metaxas
1871–1941
April 13 1936
January 29 1941
Freethinkers' Party
Former General. Vice-president of Demertzis' government. Suspended Parliament and established dictatorship on 4 August 1936 (The "4th of August Regime")
-!style="background-color: White" |131
Alexandros Koryzis
1885–1941
January 29 1941
April 18 1941
Chairman of the Bank of Greece
Committed suicide upon the entrance of the German troops in Athens
-!style="background-color: White" |132
Emmanouil Tsouderos
1882–1956
April 21 1941
April 13 1944
Chairman of the Bank of Greece
In exile to Crete and then Cairo from April 29 1941.
-style="background:#778899"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki"
Georgios Tsolakoglou
1886–1948
April 29 1941
December 2 1942
Lt. General
Head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation
-style="background:#778899"!style="background-color: White"
Konstantinos Logothetopoulos
1878–1951
December 2 1942
April 7 1943
Professor of Medicine
Head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation
-style="background:#778899"!style="background-color: RoyalBlue"
Ioannis Rallis
1878–1946
April 7 1943
October 12 1944|
Head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation
-style="background:Tomato"!style="background-color: Red"
Evripidis Bakirtzis
1895–1947
March 10 1944
April 18 1944
|Communist Party
Chairman of the Political Committee of National Liberation (PEEA), a government in EAM-held territories
-!style="background-color: Gold" |133
Sophoklis Venizelos
1894–1964
April 13 1944
April 26 1944
Liberal Party
Head of the internationally recognized government-in-exile in Cairo.
-style="background:Tomato"!style="background-color: White"
Alexandros Svolos
1892–1952
April 18 1944
September 2 1944
Professor of Law
Chairman of the PEEA
-!style="background-color: White" |134
George Papandreou
1888–1968
April 26 1944
January 3 1945|
Head of the internationally recognized government-in-exile in Cairo. Absorbed the PEEA after Lebanon conference in May 1944 and formed government of national unity. Repatriated 18 October 1944. Resigned during the "Dekemvriana".
-!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |135
Nikolaos Plastiras
1883–1953
January 3 1945
April 9 1945
retired General, Liberal-leaning|
-!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |136
Petros Voulgaris
1884–1957
April 9 1945
October 17 1945
Rear Admiral|
-!style="background-color: White" |137
Archbishop Damaskinos Papandreou
1891–1949
October 17 1945
November 1 1945|
Regent and Prime Minister
-!style="background-color: White" |138
Panagiotis Kanellopoulos
1902–1986
November 1 1945
November 22 1945
National Unionist Party|
-!style="background-color: Gold" |139
Themistoklis Sophoulis
1862–1949
November 22 1945
April 4 1946
Liberal Party|
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: White" |140
Panagiotis Poulitsas
1881–1968
April 4 1946
April 18 1946
Senior Judge
Interim government
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |141
Konstantinos Tsaldaris
1884–1970
April 18 1946
January 25 1947
People's Party|
-!style="background-color: White" |142
Dimitrios Maximos
1873–1955
January 25 1947
August 29 1947|
Head of coalition government
-!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |143
Konstantinos Tsaldaris
1884–1970
August 29 1947
November 7 1947
People's Party|
-!style="background-color: Gold" |144
Themistoklis Sophoulis
1862–1949
November 7 1947
June 24 1949
Liberal Party
Four terms, head of coalition government of all centrist and rightist parties
- style="background:Tomato"!style="background-color: Red"
Markos Vafiadis
1906–1992
December 24 1947
February 7 1949
Communist Party
Head of Provisional Democratic Government, a Communist rival government formed during the Greek Civil War
- style="background:Tomato"!style="background-color: Red"
Nikolaos Zachariadis
1903–1973
February 7 1949
April 3 1949
Communist Party
Head of Provisional Democratic Government
- style="background:Tomato"!style="background-color: Red"
Dimitrios Partsalidis
1905–1980
April 3 1949
October 1950
Communist Party
Head of Provisional Democratic Government. Defeated and in exile since August 28 1949.
-!style="background-color: Gold" |145
Alexandros Diomidis
1875–1950
June 30 1949
January 6 1950
Liberal Party
Vice-president of Sophoulis' government, after his death head of the coalition government of all centrist and rightist parties
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: RoyalBlue" |146
Ioannis Theotokis
1880–1961
January 6 1950
March 23 1950
People's Party
Head of caretaker government
-!style="background-color: Gold" |147
Sophoklis Venizelos
1894–1964
March 23 1950
April 15 1950
Liberal Party|
-!style="background-color: MediumPurple" |148
Nikolaos Plastiras
1883–1953
April 15 1950
August 21 1950
National Progressive Centre Union|
-!style="background-color: Gold" |149
Sophoklis Venizelos
1894–1964
August 21 1950
November 1 1951
Liberal Party|
-!style="background-color: MediumPurple" |150
Nikolaos Plastiras
1883–1953
November 1 1951
October 11 1952
National Progressive Centre Union|
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: White" |151
Dimitrios Kiousopoulos
1892–1977
October 11 1952
November 19 1952
Senior Judge
Head of caretaker government
-!style="background-color: SteelBlue" |152
Alexander Papagos
1883–1955
November 19 1952
October 4 1955
Greek Rally
Field Marshal
-!style="background-color: SteelBlue" |153
Constantine Karamanlis
1907–1998
October 6 1955
March 5 1958
Greek Rally/National Radical Union|
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: White" |154
Konstantinos Georgakopoulos
1890–1978
March 5 1958
May 17 1958
President of the Hellenic Red Cross
Head of caretaker government
-!style="background-color: SteelBlue" |155
Constantine Karamanlis
1907–1998
May 17 1958
September 20 1961
National Radical Union|
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |156
Konstantinos Dovas
1898–1973
September 20 1961
November 4 1961
Retired General, head of the Royal Household
Head of caretaker government
-!style="background-color: SteelBlue" |157
Konstantinos Karamanlis
1907–1998
November 4 1961
June 17 1963
National Radical Union|
-!style="background-color: SteelBlue" |158
Panagiotis Pipinelis
1899–1970
June 17 1963
September 29 1963
National Radical Union|
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: White" |159
Stylianos Mavromichalis
1902–1981
September 29 1963
November 8 1963
Senior Judge
Head of caretaker government
-!style="background-color: SeaGreen" |160
George Papandreou
1888–1968
November 8 1963
December 30 1963
Center Union|
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: White" |161
Ioannis Paraskevopoulos
1900–1984
December 30 1963
February 18 1964
Vice-chairman of the Bank of Greece
Head of caretaker government
-!style="background-color: SeaGreen" |162
George Papandreou
1888–1968
February 18 1964
July 15 1965
Center Union|
-!style="background-color: White" |163
Georgios Athanasiadis-Novas
1893–1987
July 15 1965
August 20 1965
ex-Center Union
Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
-!style="background-color: White" |164
Ilias Tsirimokos
1907–1968
August 20 1965
September 17 1965
ex-Center Union
Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
-!style="background-color: White" |165
Stephanos Stephanopoulos
1898–1982
September 17 1965
December 22 1966
Liberal Democratic Center
Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: White" |166
Ioannis Paraskevopoulos
1900–1984
December 22 1966
April 3 1967
Vice-chairman of the Bank of Greece
Head of caretaker government
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: SteelBlue" |167
Panagiotis Kanellopoulos
1902–1986
April 3 1967
April 21 1967
National Radical Union
Head of caretaker government
-
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"!colspan=7 | Military Dictatorship (1967–1974)
-style="background:DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: White" |168
Konstantinos Kollias
1901–1998
April 21 1967
December 13 1967
Senior Judge|
-style="background:DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: DarkKhaki" |169
Georgios Papadopoulos
1919–1999
December 13 1967
October 8 1973
Colonel
Monarchy abolished on June 1 1973. Republic proclaimed, with himself as President.
-style="background:DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: SteelBlue" |170
Spyros Markezinis
1909–2000
October 8 1973
November 25 1973|
Attempted democratization. Overthrown by hardliners led by Dimitrios Ioannides
-style="background:DarkKhaki"!style="background-color: White" |171
Adamantios Androutsopoulos
1919–2000
November 25 1973
July 24 1974||


=Third Hellenic Republic (1974–today)=

{| class="wikitable"
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"! #! colspan=2 |Name! Born/Died! Took Office! Left Office! Party! Notes
- bgcolor="CCCCCC"
-!style="background-color: DarkBlue; color:white;" |172
Konstantinos Karamanlis

1907–1998
July 24 1974
May 10 1980
New Democracy
Three consecutive terms. Monarchy abolished and parliamentary republic established by referendum on 13 December 1974. New Constitution adopted.
-!style="background-color: DarkBlue; color:white;" |173
Georgios Rallis|
1918–2006
May 10 1980
October 21 1981
New Democracy
Succeeded Karamanlis, who had resigned and become President
-!style="background-color: Green; color:white;" |174
Andreas Papandreou|
1919–1996
October 21 1981
July 2 1989
PASOK
Two consecutive terms. 1986 Constitutional amendment reduces powers of Presidency.
-!style="background-color: DarkBlue; color:white;" |175
Tzannis Tzannetakis|
1927–
July 2 1989
October 12 1989
New Democracy
Head of coalition government with Synaspismos
-style="background-color: LightGrey"!style="background-color: White" |176
Yiannis Grivas|
1923–
October 12 1989
November 23 1989
None (senior judge)
Head of caretaker government
-!style="background-color: White" |177
Xenophon Zolotas|
1904–2004
November 23 1989
April 11 1990
None (former Governor of the Bank of Greece)
Head of government of national unity
-!style="background-color: DarkBlue; color:white;" |178
Konstantinos Mitsotakis|
1918–
April 11 1990
October 13 1993
New Democracy
Resigned due to loss of parliamentary majority
-!style="background-color: Green; color:white;" |179
Andreas Papandreou|
1919–1996
October 13 1993
January 22 1996
PASOK
Resigned due to ill health, died shortly afterwards
-!style="background-color: Green; color:white;" |180
Kostas Simitis|
1936–
January 22 1996
March 10 2004
PASOK
Two consecutive terms. 2001 Constitutional amendment.
-!style="background-color: DarkBlue; color:white;" |181
Kostas Karamanlis|
1956–
March 10 2004|
New Democracy
Incumbent, two consecutive terms

Note on transliteration

There is no firm convention for the rendering of Greek personal names into English. Traditionally, Greek names were Romanised in spelling (thus, Sophoklis became Sophocles and Aiskhylos became Aeschylus), and also Anglicised in form (thus, Georgios became George and Alexandros became Alexander). English-speaking readers are more used to seeing (for example) Constantine Karamanlis than Konstantinos Karamanlis. His namesake nephew and incumbent prime minister invariably uses the less formal version ("Kostas") of his given name.

Recently there has been an increasing tendency to use the Greek forms, to reflect a more realistic version of how the actual name sounds, but sometimes there is no consistency (Andreas Papandreou, for example, is never called Andrew Papandreou, but George Papandreou is never called Giorgios Papandreou, but can also be called Georgios Papandreou). Also certain Greek consonants do not have exact counterparts in English. Reflecting this inconsistency, this table uses Greek forms wherever possible, except for those Prime Ministers for whose names an Anglicised form is established due to the absence of a corresponding English consonant.

ee also

* Politics of Greece
* List of heads of state of Greece
* Rulers of Greece
* Lists of office-holders of all nations

External links

* [http://www.primeminister.gr/ Official website of the Prime Minister of Greece]
* [http://rulers.org/rulg2.html#greece List of Greek heads of state and government]

References


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