Railroads connecting New York City and Chicago
In the "
Official Territory", the land of the Northeast U.S.bounded roughly by the Mississippi, Ohio and Potomac rivers, one of the most important railroadcorridors is between New York Cityand Chicago. For over a century, this corridor was dominated by four major railroads, and an aggregate of other roads that served as a fifth option.
New York Central Railroad
The first New York-Chicago route was provided on
January 24, 1853with the completion of the Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland Railroadto Grafton, Ohioon the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad. The route later became part of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, owned by the New York Central Railroad.
1857, the Fort Wayne Railroad Bridgewas completed across the Allegheny Riverin Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and trains began to run from Philadelphia to Chicago along the Pennsylvania Railroadand Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Rail Road(later part of the PRR).
Connecting Railwayin Philadelphia opened for revenue service on June 3, 1867, with direct service between Philadelphia and Jersey City, New Jersey, across the Hudson Riverfrom New York. Through freight between Jersey City and Pittsburgh began the next month, and soon some trains began running between Jersey City and Chicago.
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
From its original charter terminus of
Wheeling, West Virginia, reached in 1853, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroadpushed west by construction of new rails and by leasing other pre-existing ones. The B&O had reached Newark, Ohioby 1866, Sandusky by 1869, and had built a new line west into Chicago by 1874.
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