Railroads connecting New York City and Chicago

In the "Official Territory", the land of the Northeast U.S. bounded roughly by the Mississippi, Ohio and Potomac rivers, one of the most important railroad corridors is between New York City and Chicago. For over a century, this corridor was dominated by four major railroads, and an aggregate of other roads that served as a fifth option.

New York Central Railroad

The first New York-Chicago route was provided on January 24, 1853 with the completion of the Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland Railroad to Grafton, Ohio on the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad. The route later became part of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, owned by the New York Central Railroad.

Pennsylvania Railroad

In 1857, the Fort Wayne Railroad Bridge was completed across the Allegheny River in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and trains began to run from Philadelphia to Chicago along the Pennsylvania Railroad and Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Rail Road (later part of the PRR).

The Connecting Railway in Philadelphia opened for revenue service on June 3, 1867, with direct service between Philadelphia and Jersey City, New Jersey, across the Hudson River from New York. Through freight between Jersey City and Pittsburgh began the next month, and soon some trains began running between Jersey City and Chicago.

Erie Railroad

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

From its original charter terminus of Wheeling, West Virginia, reached in 1853, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad pushed west by construction of new rails and by leasing other pre-existing ones. The B&O had reached Newark, Ohio by 1866, Sandusky by 1869, and had built a new line west into Chicago by 1874.

Alphabet Route


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pennsylvania Station (New York City) — New York Pennsylvania Station Entrance, with Madison Square Garden and Penn Plaza in the background. Station statistics …   Wikipedia

  • New York Central Railroad — New York Central system as of 1918 Reporting mark NYC …   Wikipedia

  • New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad — Nickel Plate redirects here. For the process of applying a nickel surface to a material, see electroplating. New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad Reporting mark NKP Locale Buffalo, NY to Chicag …   Wikipedia

  • New York Central Railroad — Carte du réseau en 1918. La New York Central Railroad (NYC), connu généralement comme la New York Central dans ses publicités, a été une entreprise américaine de chemin de fer opérant dans le nord est des États Unis et au sud est du Canada. Ses… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Buffalo, New York — City of Buffalo   City   …   Wikipedia

  • List of New York railroads — Current and former railroads in New York The following railroads operate in the U.S. state of New York. Contents 1 Common freight carriers …   Wikipedia

  • United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Company — Locale New Jersey and Pennsylvania Dates of operation 1832–1976 Successor Amtrak, Conrail …   Wikipedia

  • Rochester, New York — This article is about the city of Rochester in Monroe County. For the town in Ulster County, see Rochester, Ulster County, New York. For the metropolitan area, see Rochester, New York metropolitan area. Rochester   City   …   Wikipedia

  • Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway — Locale Pittsburgh, PA to Chicago Dates of operation 1851– Track gauge 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge) The Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway was a major part of the …   Wikipedia

  • Chicago 'L' — A Green Line train approaching Randolph/Wabash. Info Locale Chicago, Illinois, United States …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.