Anrep

Anrep is a family, belonging to Swedish and Russian nobility.

The family originates from Anreppen, a village on Lippe river in Westfalia, Germany (now a part of Delbrück town). In 15th century Anreps, belonging to the Teutonic Knights, settled in Livonia. In 1626, during the Thirty Years' War, this country became a dominion of Sweden. Anrep family was soon naturalized in Sweden and introduced to the "Riddarhuset", or House of Knights, in 1635. According to Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary, German von Anrep was a Field Marshal in Sweden in 16th century, and some Anreps were later also on French and Prussian military service [http://www.rulex.ru/01010578.htm] .

By 1710, in the Great Northern War between Peter I of Russia and Charles XII of Sweden, Frederick Wilhelm I von Anrep, a captain in the Swedish army, had been taken to Moscow as a prisoner. From that time his branch of the family remained in Russia, serving the Tsars, generally in military or naval posts. Russian Anreps retained the Lutheran religion of their ancestors.

* Heinrich Reinhold von Anrep (ru: Roman Karlovich von Anrep) (1760 – January 25, 1807) was a Russian general of cavalry during the Napoleonic Wars. Killed in a battle of Mohrungen.

* Roman von Anrep (ru: Roman Romanovich von Anrep) (died 1830), a son of the previous, was a colonel and later a major-general. He commanded a Uhlan regiment in Caucasus during Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829 and was a confident of High Commander, Ivan Paskevich. Describing this campaign in his memoirs "The voyage to Arzrum", Aleksandr Pushkin mentions R.R. Anrep. Later, in a letter to his wife, Pushkin referred to the tragic death of R.R. Anrep, who had drowned in a swamp [http://www.rvb.ru/pushkin/01text/10letters/1831_37/01text/1833/1711_523.htm] . The reason of the poet’s attention to the officer is probably the fact that both of them courted the same young girl, Annette Woolf, in 1826 [http://www.rg-rb.de/win/22-99/push2.html] .

* Joseph Carl von Anrep (ru: Iosif Romanovich von Anrep) (1796 – 1860), a brother of the previous, was a colonel in Russian army, promoted to general shortly before his death. In 1853, by edict of Tzar, he was styled Count von Anrep-Elmpt in order to preserve the title of his wife’s father, Count von Elmpt.

* Reinhold von Anrep-Elmpt (1834 – 1888), a son of the previous, was a Russian explorer, who traveled intensively from 1870 in all five continents and published many volumes of his travel notes.

* Vassily Konstantinovich von Anrep (1852 – 1927) was a professor of forensic medicine and a Russian statesman. He had two sons, named after the first Russian saints, princes Boris and Gleb.

* Boris Anrep (Boris Vassilievich von Anrep, 1883 – 1969) was a Russian artist, active mostly in Britain, who devoted himself to the art of mosaics and achieved work of monumental character in many private and public places.

* Gleb Anrep (Gleb Vassilievich von Anrep; September 10, 1889 – January 09, 1955) was a physiologist, the follower of Ivan Pavlov, a member of the Royal Society from 1928, professor in University of Cambridge and in Cairo University.

Sources

# Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (1890 – 1907, 86 vol.)
# Russian Biographies Dictionary by A.A. Polovtzov (1899 – 1918, 25 vol.)
# Annabel Farjeon. The adventures of Russian artist: the biography of Boris Anrep. - St.Petersburg, 2003. "(Russian translation of the unpublished English manuscript)"

External links

* [http://mdz10.bib-bvb.de/~db/bsb00000558/images/index.html?seite=10 Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften, Teil 1, 1: Livland, Görlitz 1929] ]
* [http://mdz10.bib-bvb.de/~db/bsb00000345/images/index.html?seite=652 Genealogisches Handbuch der Oeselschen Ritterschaft, 1935]
*"English:" [http://www.russiarevisited.com/insights/anrep/0anrep.htm Counts von Anrep]

*"German:" [http://www.anreppen.de/ Anreppen village homepage] "(featuring the coat of arms, almost identical to this of Anrep family)"
*"Swedish:" [http://www.svenskadel.nu/anrep.htm Sweden noble families]

*"Russian:"
** [http://www.rulex.ru/01010578.htm Anrep noble family]
** [http://www.rulex.ru/xPol/index.htm Iosif von Anrep]
** [http://www.rulex.ru/01010577.htm Vassily von Anrep]
** [http://www.ihst.ru/projects/emigrants/anrep.htm Gleb Anrep]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anrep — Anrep, Gabriel von, schwed. Genealog, geb. 4. Dez. 1821 in Lekeberga (Nerike), war anfangs Landwirt, siedelte aber schon 1851 nach Stockholm über, wo er seitdem als Herausgeber genealogischer Werke tätig ist. Von seinen Schriften ist neben… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anrep — Armoiries de la famille von Anrep La famille von Anrep est une famille de la noblesse allemande, originaire d Anreppen, au bord de la Lippe en Westphalie qui s installa en Livonie à la suite des chevaliers teutoniques au XVe siècle. La… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anrep — G.V., 20th century Lebanese physiologist in Britain. See A. phenomenon …   Medical dictionary

  • Anrep-Elmpt — Anrep Elmpt, Joseph Graf A. E., geb. 1796 in Livland u. erzogen im Pagencorps zu Petersburg, trat 1815 als Offizier in die russische Armee ein u. nahm an dem Vormarsche der russischen Streitkräfte nach Polen Theil. Die niederen Offiziergrade… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anrep (Adelsgeschlecht) — Stammwappen derer von Anrepp Anrep ist der Name eines deutschbaltischen Adelsgeschlechts, welches ursprünglich aus Westfalen stammt und sich später im Herrschaftsbereich Schwedens, Polens, Dänemarks und Russlands verbreitete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anrep effect — The Anrep effect is an autoregulation method in which myocardial contractility increases with afterload. It was experimentally determined that increasing afterload caused a proportional linear increase in ventricular inotropy.This effect is found …   Wikipedia

  • Anrep effect — abrupt elevation of aortic pressure results in a positively inotropic inotropic effect (see inotropic) and augmented resistance to outflow in the heart. Called also homeometric autoregulation because it is independent of muscle length …   Medical dictionary

  • Boris Anrep — (27 September 1883 – 7 June 1969) was a Russian artist, active in Britain, who devoted himself to the art of mosaic.In Britain, he is known for his monumental mosaics at the National Gallery, London, Westminster Cathedral and the Bank of England …   Wikipedia

  • Boris Anrep — Mosaïque de sainte Anne à la cathédrale de Mullingar Boris Anrep, né Boris Vassilievitch von Anrep le 27 septembre 1883 à Saint Pétersbourg et mort le 7 juin 1969 à Londres, est un artiste germano balte, né sujet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reinhold von Anrep-Elmpt — Armoiries du comte von Anrep Elmpt Le comte Reinhold Philipp Johann von Anrep Elmpt, russifié en Roman Iossifovitch von Anrep Elmpt, né en 1834 dans le gouvernement de Koursk et mort le 26 août (8 septembre) 1888 en Birmanie, est un aristocrate… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.