Gandhinagar


Gandhinagar

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Gandhinagar
type = capital
latd = 23.22
longd = 72.68
locator_position = right
skyline = SACHIVALAY_PANORAMA.jpg
skyline_caption = Panorama of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly
state_name = Gujarat
district = Gandhinagar
altitude = 81
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 195891
area_total = 57
area_telephone = 079
postal_code = 382010
vehicle_code_range = GJ-18

Gandhinagar audio|Gandhinagar.ogg|pronunciation (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. It is one of the three planned cities of India. Located on the banks of the River Sabarmati, the city is the administrative centre of Gandhinagar District.

History

In 1960, the Indian state of Bombay was split into two states — Maharashtra and Gujarat. Ahmedabad was selected to be the first capital of Gujarat. It was proposed that a new capital city be constructed for the state on the lines of the other two planned cities of India — Chandigarh and Bhubaneshwar. Initial plans were to commission the renowned American architect Louis Kahn to build the city to rival Le Corbusier's Chandigarh. But the plans were canceled due to pressure to make the new city an Indian enterprise.

So the charge of making the new city was given to Indian architects H. K. Mewada and Prakash M. Apte. Both had worked as apprentices during the construction of Chandigarh. The new city was constructed as per their plan and was named Gandhinagar after Mahatma Gandhi, a Gujarati himself. The capital was shifted from Ahmedabad to Gandhinagar

The new city is spread on the banks of the Sabarmati river. The main city is designed on the west bank of the river on 42.9 km² of land. The site is gently sloping, from north-east to south-west. Gandhinagar comprises thirty sectors. It is a highly structured city and has a highly ordered street grid - comprising blocks that are divided by two types of streets, similar to U.S. avenues and streets. Gandhinagar has "letter roads" (K, KH, G, GH, CH, CHH & JA) and "number roads" (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 & 7). The letter roads run parallel across the city perpendicular to the number roads. The number and letter roads intersect each other forming a grid; each block or square in the grid is given a sector number. Each intersection is marked by signal names such as CH1, CH2, CH3 or JA1,JA2.

Geography

Gandhinagar is located at coord|23.22|N|72.68|E|. [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/9/Gandhinagar.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gandhinagar] ] It has an average elevation of 81 metres (265 feet). The city sits on the banks of the River Sabarmati, in north-central Gujarat. It spans an area of 205 km² (79.15 square miles). The Sabarmati frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water.

Climate

climate chart
Gandhinagar
12|26|2
14|29|1
19|34|0
23|38|3
26|38|20
26|36|103
25|31|247
24|30|288
24|32|83
21|33|23
16|31|14
13|27|5
source= [http://www.wunderground.com/NORMS/DisplayIntlNORMS.asp?CityCode=42647&Units=both Weather Underground]
float=right
clear=none
Gandhinagar has a tropical wet and dry climate with three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Aside from the monsoon season, the climate is dry. The weather is hot through the months of March to June when the maximum temperature stays in the range of 36 °C (97 °F) and 42 °C (108 °F), and the minimum in the range of 19 °C (66 °F) and 27 °C (81 °F). From November to February, the average maximum temperature is around 29 °C (85 °F), the average minimum is 14 °C (57 °F), and the climate is extremely dry. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September. [ cite web
publisher = Yahoo! Inc.
title = Gandhinagar Weather - Records and Averages
url=http://weather.yahoo.com/climo/INXX0048_f.html
accessdate=2006-09-04
]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, [GR|India] Gandhinagar had a population of 195,891. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Gandhinagar has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 73%. In Gandhinagar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Famous Places

*Akshardham Gandhinagar
*Deer Park
* [http://www.gujaratassembly.gov.in Gujarat Legislative Assembly]
* [http://www.theinfocity.net Infocity] (GLOBAL I.T. HUB Of INDIA)
*Garden & Children Amusement Green Park, Sector 28
*Capital Shopping Centre, Sector - 21
*Punit Van(The Botanical Garden), sector-19
*Sarita Udyan
*Missionary Alliance church, Sector-29
*Step Well Of Adalaj

Education

Schools in Gandhinagar are affiliated with the Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board. Under the 10+2+3 plan, students complete ten years of schooling, and then enroll for two years in Junior College, where they choose from one of three streams: Arts, Commerce or Science. This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering, medicine etc. The well known schools are under:
*Serva Vidhyalaya Campus
*#Sheth C.M High school & higher secondary school(Science stream)
*#M.B. Patel English medium high school
*#R.G. Patel Girls high school
*St. Xaviers
*Mt. Carmel
*Gurukul-shree swaminarayan school
*Gandhinagar International Public School(GIPS)
*Delhi Public School(DPS)
*Achievers School
*School Of Excellence

Colleges
*K.B.Institute Of Pharmaceutical Research
*Government Polytechnic College
*Government Science College
*LDRP Institute Of Enginearing & Technology
*Government Commerce College

A large number of educational institutes are set up in Gandhinagar.The Institute of Hotel Management Catering and applied nutrition is ranked number 02 in India. This is due to a combination of two factors - the scarcity of land to expand campuses in Ahmedabad and the policy of the Gujarat government to establish a knowledge corridor in Gandhinagar. [cite news
url = http://in.news.yahoo.com/060613/48/651ih.html
title = Govt puts knowledge corridor on fast track
publisher = Indian Express
date =
accessdate = 2006-09-04
] The Institute Of Petroleum Management-GSPC, Institute Of Petroleum Technology-Gandhinagar National Institute of Fashion Technology and the National Institute of Design were given land to set up bigger campuses in Gandhinagar. The National Institute of Co-operative Management was set up in the city in 1999 imparting MBA and MCA degrees affiliated to Gujarat University. The Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology was set up in the city in 2001 by Reliance Industries, India's largest private sector company. In 2003, An Engineering Institute was established in 2005 [http://www.ldrp.ac.in/ LDRP Institute of Technology & Research] , the Gujarat National Law University was established in the city on the lines of the prestigious National Law School of India University, Bangalore.

The Institute for Plasma Research is the foremost scientific research organization in Gandhinagar. The institute was shifted to its present day campus in Gandhinagar in 1998 and is a leading plasma physics research centre in India, another research institute comes into existence by inaugurated by President APJ Abdul Kalam is [http://www.iiar.res.in/ Indian Institute for Advanced Research ] Koba Gandhinagar. The Indian Institute for Advanced Research is concerned with biotechnology based advanced research. Key Areas of Research are Human Health and Disease, Plant Sciences, Biomolecular Medicine & Industrial Biotechnology and Bioinformatics & Structural Biology. The another scientific organization is [http://ncscgnr.org/ Nisarg Community Science Center ] working to aware people about Science,Technology and Environmental Issues.

Indian Institute Of Technology (IIT) Gandhinagar has been directly connected To Bombay-IIT at the post-Chandkheda, Gandhinagar

Gallery

References


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