The Right Honourable
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer In office
1 February 2000 – 18 September 2001
Leader William Hague Preceded by Francis Maude Succeeded by Michael Howard Secretary of State for Defence In office
5 July 1995 – 2 May 1997
Prime Minister John Major Preceded by Malcolm Rifkind Succeeded by George Robertson Secretary of State for Employment In office
20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995
Prime Minister John Major Preceded by David Hunt Succeeded by Gillian Shephard (Education and Employment) Chief Secretary to the Treasury In office
11 April 1992 – 20 July 1994
Prime Minister John Major Preceded by David Mellor Succeeded by Jonathan Aitken Member of Parliament
for Kensington and Chelsea
25 November 1999 – 5 May 2005
Preceded by Alan Clark Succeeded by Malcolm Rifkind Member of Parliament
for Enfield Southgate
13 December 1984 – 1 May 1997
Preceded by Anthony Berry Succeeded by Stephen Twigg Personal details Born 26 May 1953
Bushey, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
Political party Conservative Spouse(s) Carolyn Eadie (1982–present) Alma mater Peterhouse, Cambridge Website www.michaelportillo.co.uk
Michael Denzil Xavier Portillo (born 26 May 1953) is a British journalist, broadcaster, and former Conservative Party politician and Cabinet Minister. Portillo was first elected to the House of Commons in a by-election in 1984; a strong admirer of Margaret Thatcher, and a Eurosceptic, Portillo served as a junior minister under both Thatcher and John Major, before entering the cabinet in 1992. Seen as a likely challenger to Major during the 1995 Conservative leadership election, Portillo ultimately stayed loyal. As Defence Secretary, Portillo pressed for a purist Thatcherite course of "clear blue water", separating the policies of the Conservatives from Labour.
Portillo unexpectedly lost his Enfield Southgate seat at the 1997 general election; political commentators widely believe that he would have been elected Conservative leader had he retained it. Subsequent to the loss, Portillo embarked on both a broader career in the media, and a revision of his previous beliefs, arguing for a more socially liberal and tolerant Conservative Party. Returning to the Commons through a by-election in Kensington and Chelsea in 1999, Portillo rejoined the front bench as Shadow Chancellor, although his relationship with Conservative Leader William Hague was strained. Standing for the leadership of the party in 2001, Portillo came a narrow third place behind Iain Duncan Smith and Kenneth Clarke. Portillo retired from the Commons at the 2005 general election, since when he has pursued his media interests, presenting a wide range of television and radio programmes.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Member of Parliament
- 3 Business interests
- 4 Media career
- 5 Charitable and voluntary activities
- 6 Arts Endowment Fund
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Early life and career
Born Michael Denzil Portillo in Bushey, Hertfordshire, England, Portillo took the name Xavier at confirmation. His father was an exiled Spanish republican, Luis Gabriel Portillo (1907–1993). His mother is Cora (née Blyth); her father was John Blyth, a prosperous linen mill owner from Kirkcaldy. An early brush with fame came in 1961 at the age of 8, when Portillo starred in a television advertisement for Ribena, a blackcurrant cordial drink. He was educated at Stanburn Primary School and Harrow County School for Boys and then won a scholarship to Peterhouse, Cambridge, where he came under the influence of Maurice Cowling.
Portillo graduated in 1975 with a first-class degree in history, and after a brief stint with Ocean Transport and Trading Co., a freight firm, he joined the Conservative Research Department in 1976. Following the Conservative victory in 1979 he became a government adviser. He left to work for Kerr-McGee Oil from 1981–1983 and fought his first, unsuccessful, election in the 1983 general election, in the Labour-held seat of Birmingham Perry Barr, losing against Jeff Rooker.
Portillo has been married to Carolyn Eadie since 1982.
Member of Parliament
Portillo returned to advisory work for the government and in December 1984 he stood for and won the Enfield Southgate by-election following the murder of the incumbent, Sir Anthony Berry, in the bombing by the IRA of the Grand Hotel in Brighton.
Portillo retained the Enfield Southgate seat until 1997. Initially he was a Parliamentary Private Secretary to John Moore and then an assistant whip. In 1987 he was made under secretary for social security, in 1988 he was given his first ministerial post as Minister of State for Transport. He has claimed that "saving the Settle to Carlisle railway was his greatest achievement in politics."
He then held the local government portfolio (1990), arguing in favour of the ultimately highly unpopular Community Charge system (popularly known as Poll Tax). He demonstrated a consistently right-of-centre line (exemplified by his insistence, in a well-publicised speech, of placing 'clear blue water' between the policies of the Conservatives and other parties) and was favoured by Norman Tebbit and Margaret Thatcher. His rise continued under John Major; he was made a Cabinet Minister as Chief Secretary to the Treasury (1992), and admitted to the Privy Council the same year. Portillo subsequently held the portfolios of Employment (1994) and then Defence (1995–1997). His high profile led to constant attention from the media, including the magazine Private Eye, which mocked him as Portaloo. He was accused of vanity when the Alexandra Palace was hired to celebrate his ten years in politics.
Some saw the Defence Secretary post as a reward for his cautious loyalty to Major during the 1995 leadership challenge of John Redwood, following Major's "back me or sack me" resignation as party leader. Many urged Portillo to run against Major, and he set up a potential campaign headquarters with banks of telephone lines. He later admitted that this was an error; "I did not want to oppose [Major], but neither did I want to close the possibility of entering a second ballot if it came to that." His opponents within the party later used Portillo's apparent equivocation as an example of his indecisiveness, and he acknowledged that "[a]mbiguity is unattractive."
1997 election defeat
Portillo's loss of the Enfield Southgate seat in the 1997 general election to Stephen Twigg came as a shock to many politicians and commentators, and came to symbolise the extent of the Conservatives' defeat. Memorably, he was interviewed by Jeremy Paxman on the election night prior to the calling of his own seat and was stumped by the question of "Are we seeing the end of the Conservative Party as a credible force in British politics?" Portillo has since admitted that he knew he had lost his seat by the time of the interview:'I saw that the exit poll was predicting a 160 seat majority for Labour. I thought, "when is Paxman going to ask me have I lost my seat?", because I deduced from that that I had. I then drove the car to my constituency and I knew I'd lost. But I also saw David Mellor. David Mellor had this really bad tempered spat with Jimmy Goldsmith [after the Putney election results had been announced]. I saw this and I thought if there's one thing I do when I lose, I'm going to lose with as much dignity as I can muster and not be like this David Mellor, Goldsmith thing.'
Photographs and film coverage of Portillo's speech after the count have become iconic in symbolising the end of the period of Conservative government which had begun under Margaret Thatcher in 1979. Portillo's defeat represented a 17.4% swing to Labour. Although Twigg retained the seat with an increased majority in 2001, it returned to the Conservative Party in 2005 with a swing of 8.7%.
The 1997 loss, symbolising the loss of the election by the Conservative Party, has been referred to as "the Portillo moment", and in the cliché "Were you up for Portillo?" (i.e. "Were you awake/did you see Portillo's result announced on television?") Portillo himself commented, thirteen years later, that as a consequence "My name is now synonymous with eating a bucketload of shit in public."
Return to the House of Commons
After the election, Portillo renewed his attachment to Kerr McGee but also undertook substantial media work including programmes for the BBC and Channel 4. He also seemed to be moving in his expressed opinions more towards the centre-right.
In an interview with The Times given in the summer of 1999, Portillo admitted that "I had some homosexual experiences as a young person."  A few weeks after he had given this interview, the death of Alan Clark gave Portillo the opportunity to return to Parliament, despite Lord Tebbit accusing Portillo of lying about the extent of his sexual "deviance". Nonetheless Portillo comfortably won the by-election in late November 1999 to represent Kensington and Chelsea, traditionally one of the safest Conservative seats.
On 1 February 2000, William Hague promoted Portillo to the Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Chancellor. On 3 February Portillo stood opposite the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown, in the House of Commons for the first time in his new role. During this session, Portillo made two significant announcements:
- The next Conservative Government will respect the independence of the Bank of England and will legislate to enhance that independence and increase accountability to Parliament
- The next Conservative Government will not repeal the national minimum wage
Both of these policies were flagship policies of New Labour and were opposed by large factions of the Conservative Party when introduced and indeed up until Portillo's announcement. Commentators suggested this was an example of Portillo taking the initiative in terms of Conservative Party policy and was the first step towards increasing acrimony between Hague and his Shadow Chancellor.
Bid for party leadership and retirement from politics
Following the 2001 general election Portillo contested the leadership of the party. In the first ballot of Conservative MPs, he led well. However, there followed an onslaught of attacks from the right-wing press (notably the Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail), including veiled (and not-so-veiled) references to his previous homosexual experiences and to his equivocation at the time of Major's 1995 resignation. He was knocked out in the final round of voting by Conservative MPs, leaving party members to choose between Iain Duncan Smith and Kenneth Clarke. When Duncan Smith was elected leader, Portillo returned to the backbenches. In March 2003, he voted in favour of the 2003 invasion of Iraq. In November 2003, having turned down an offer of a Shadow Cabinet post from the incoming Conservative leader Michael Howard, Portillo announced that he would not seek re-election and he left the House of Commons at the 2005 general election. His membership of the Conservative Party has since lapsed.
From 2002 onwards, Portillo has developed an active career in media, both as a commentator on public affairs and as a writer and/or presenter of TV and radio documentaries.
Since 2003, Portillo has appeared in the BBC weekly political discussion programme This Week with Andrew Neil and, until September 2010, Labour MP Diane Abbott. Portillo has known Abbott for many years: they both attended schools in the London Borough of Harrow, Portillo and Abbott were in a joint school production of Romeo and Juliet, though not in the title roles. Later, whilst still at school, Portillo cast Abbott in a film version of Macbeth, but the film was never completed. She played Lady Macduff to his Macduff The chemistry between Portillo and Abbott has been credited with ensuring the programme's popularity.
Portillo has featured in a number of television documentaries, including one on Richard Wagner, of whose music he is a notable fan, and two on Spain: Great Railway Journeys: From Granada to Salamanca for BBC Two (2002), and a programme on Spanish wildlife for BBC Two's The Natural World series (2006) - Portillo is a fluent Spanish speaker. He showed an unexpectedly warm and perceptive side of his nature when he took over for one week the life, family and income of a single mother living on benefits in Wallasey - When Michael Portillo became a Single Mum, (2003). He chose to present Queen Elizabeth I for the BBC's series of Great Britons in 2002.
Since 2002, he has presented his own discussion series, "Dinner with Portillo", on BBC Four, in which political and social questions are explored by Portillo and his seven guests, over a four-course meal. As of 2007, in its fifth series, his guests had included Bianca Jagger, Grayson Perry, Francis Wheen, Seymour Hersh, PD James, Baroness Shirley Williams, George Galloway, Benazir Bhutto and Germaine Greer.
He is a long-serving member of the panel in the BBC Radio Four series The Moral Maze.
The documentary How To Kill A Human Being, in the Horizon series, featured Portillo carrying out a survey of capital punishment methods (including undertaking some near death experiences himself) in an attempt to find an 'acceptable' form. It was broadcast on BBC Two on 15 January 2008. He has since made a second Horizon documentary, entitled How Violent Are You?, which was broadcast on 12 May 2009.
In 2008 Portillo made a documentary as part of the BBC Headroom campaign (which explores mental health issues). Portillo's documentary 'Death of a School Friend' explores how the suicide of Portillo's classmate Gary Findon affected Findon's parents, brother, music teachers, school teachers, classmates, and Portillo himself. The programme was originally broadcast on Friday 7 November 2008.
In 2009, Portillo appeared in the second episode of the second series of The Supersizers eat... to discuss medieval cuisine and Magna Carta. Filmed in 2009 but first broadcast 4 January 2010, Portillo presented Great British Railway Journeys in which he explored, with the aid of George Bradshaw's 1840 railway guidebook, how the railways had a profound influence on the social, economic and political history of Britain. A second series was broadcast on BBC2 during 2011.
Portillo has written a regular column for The Sunday Times, contributes to other journals (he was a theatre critic for the New Statesman until May 2006), and is a regular radio broadcaster in the UK.
Charitable and voluntary activities
Since 1998, Portillo has been a Commissioner of the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP). He is a trustee of the charity The Parliamentary Committee Against Anti-Semitism, and also President of DebRA, a British national charity working on behalf of people with the genetic skin blistering condition, Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB).
Portillo is the British chairman of the Anglo-Spanish organisation Tertulias, which organises annual meetings between the two countries. He is also a Vice President of Canning House, the Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Council.
Arts Endowment Fund
On 4 July 2011 it was announced that Portillo will chair a new £55m Arts Endowment Fund, to be supported by the Arts Council, the Heritage Lottery Fund and the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Applicants will be able to bid for grants of between £500,000 and £5m, which must be matched from the private sector. Applications are expected to begin in September 2011.
- Electoral history of Michael Portillo
- ^ Michael Portillo (27 July 2003). "Kirkcaldy Lino Factory". Mail on Sunday. http://www.michaelportillo.co.uk/articles/art_nipress/lino.htm. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
- ^ Maynard, Jeff. "Old Gaytonians in Politics". Virtual Gaytonian. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060508200923/http://www.jeffreymaynard.com/Harrow_County/paliamentarycandidates.htm. Retrieved 29 July 2007.
- ^ "CV: Michael Portillo". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/uk_politics/2001/tory_leadership/michael_portillo/cv.stm. Retrieved 29 July 2007.
- ^ Michael Portillo, the Great Pretender by Anne MacElvoy in The Independent, 30.9.2000.
- ^ 
- ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/vanity-the-deadliest-sin-linda-grant-discovers-blowing-ones-own-trumpet-is-beyond-the-pale-in-modest-selfdeprecating-britain-1383431.html
- ^ a b Michael Portillo (15 April 2007). "Believe me, Mr Miliband, No 10 is within your grasp". The Sunday Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/columnists/michael_portillo/article1654875.ece. Retrieved 21 November 2007.
- ^ Television coverage of the Putney election result 1997[dead link], YouTube
- ^ This Week, BBC One, 26 April 2007
- ^ Television coverage of the Enfield Southgate election result 1997[dead link], YouTube
- ^ In a 1999 poll for Channel 4's 100 Greatest TV Moments, Portillo's defeat was voted the third best TV moment of the twentieth century.
- ^ Anon, Nation rejoices as Portillo loses seat, The Observer, 12 September 1999
- ^ My moment is yours, Ed Balls Michael Portillo, The Guardian, 6 May 2010
- ^ "Portillo begins comeback". BBC News. 9 September 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/442422.stm. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- ^ "Tebbit hits out at Portillo 'deviance'". BBC News. 24 September 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/456555.stm. Retrieved 21 November 2007.
- ^ Portillo springs surprise U-turns BBC News, 3 February 2000
- ^ Stop the War Coalition[dead link]
- ^ "Howard mulls first shadow cabinet". BBC News. 9 November 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/3252445.stm. Retrieved 12 May 2008.
- ^ "Portillo to quit as MP". The Daily Telegraph (London). 7 November 2003. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2003/11/07/uport.xml. Retrieved 21 November 2007. [dead link]
- ^ Stated by him on Election Uncovered: What They Won't Tell Us, Channel 4, 2 May 2010
- ^ Miles Costello (27 March 2006). "Portillo quits BAE over conflicts". Times Online (London). http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/engineering/article1082608.ece. Retrieved 21 November 2007.
- ^ a b c Biography Michael Portillo - The official website
- ^ a b This detail, correcting an error, was added by Clive Anderson on 2 July 2007, as an example of the workings of this site, during the making of Factual: The Wikipedia Story (BBC Radio 4), first broadcast on 24 July 2007. Anderson was at school with Abbott and Portillo; the issue of 'original research' was not raised in the programme itself.
- ^ "Portillo learns perils of childcare". BBC News. 30 July 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/reviews/3195040.stm. Retrieved 21 November 2007.
- ^ How To Kill A Human Being BBC Two, 15 January 2008
- ^ How Violent Are You? BBC Two
- ^ Portillo leads eclectic judging panel for 40th year Man Booker Prize, 18 December 2007
- ^ "Portillo Meets...". Capgemini UK. http://www.uk.capgemini.com/services/consulting/portillo_meets/. Retrieved 20 November 2009. [dead link]
- ^ BBC website
- ^ Commissioners ICMP - International Commission on Missing Persons
- ^ The Parliamentary Committee Against Anti-Semitism, Registered Charity no. 1089736 at the Charity Commission
- ^ About Canning House - People Canning House
- ^ BBC News ,Michael Portillo to head up £55m arts fund scheme, consulted 4.7.2011
- Michael Gove, (1995), "Michael Portillo: The Future of the Right" ISBN 1857023358
- Michael Gove, (2000), "Michael Portillo", Fourth Estate, 448 pages, ISBN 1-84115-363-X (paperback)
- Official website
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Michael Portillo
- Portillo's columns for The Sunday Times
- Guardian Unlimited Politics Ask Aristotle – Michael Portillo
- They Work For You – Michael Portillo
- The Public Whip – Michael Portillo voting record
- Harrow County Grammar School
- Michael Portillo at the Internet Movie Database
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Enfield Southgate
Member of Parliament for Kensington and Chelsea
Political offices Preceded by
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
Secretary of State for Employment
as Secretary of State for Education and Employment
Secretary of State for Defence
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
Secretaries of State for Defence of the United Kingdom Ministers for Defence Secretaries of State for DefencePeter Thorneycroft · Denis Healey · The Lord Carrington · Ian Gilmour · Roy Mason · Fred Mulley · Francis Pym · John Nott · Michael Heseltine · George Younger · Tom King · Malcolm Rifkind · Michael Portillo · George Robertson · Geoff Hoon · John Reid · Des Browne · John Hutton · Bob Ainsworth · Liam Fox · Philip Hammond Shadow Chancellors of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom Chief Secretaries to the Treasury Major Cabinet Cabinet Members
Jonathan Aitken • Kenneth Baker • Virginia Bottomley • Peter Brooke • Kenneth Clarke • Viscount Cranborne • Stephen Dorrell • Michael Forsyth • Roger Freeman • John Gummer • William Hague • Jeremy Hanley • Michael Heseltine • Douglas Hogg • Michael Howard • David Hunt • Douglas Hurd • Tom King • Norman Lamont • Ian Lang • Peter Lilley • John MacGregor • Lord Mackay • John Major • Brian Mawhinney • Patrick Mayhew • David Mellor • Tony Newton • Chris Patten • John Patten • Michael Portillo • John Redwood • Malcolm Rifkind • Gillian Shephard • Lord Waddington • Lord Wakeham • William Waldegrave • George Young
Also attended meetings This Week PresenterAndrew Neil (since 2003) FeaturingMichael Portillo (since 2003) • Diane Abbott (2003-2010) Featured guests
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