Shear

:"For similarly pronounced words, see sheer, Shere, or sher."

Shear as a noun may refer to:

*Bias (textile), in clothing design, fabric may be cut on the shear
*Cosmic shear, an effect of distortion of image of distant galaxies due to deflection of light by matter, as predicted by general relativity (see also gravitational lens)
*Shear (geology), a form of fault in rocks
*Guillotine (metalwork), also called a shear, a machine used to cut sheet metal
*Simple shear, a special case of deformation of a fluid
*Shear (fluid), in fluid dynamics, refers to the shear stresses and responses thereto in fluids
*Shear mapping, a particular type of mapping in linear algebra, also called "transvection"
*Shear rate, a gradient of velocity in a flowing material
*Shear stress in physics, refers to a stress state that will cause shearing (see verb) when it exceeds a material's shear strength
*Shear strength (soil), the shear strength of soil under loading
*Shear line (locksmithing), where the inner cylinder ends and the outer cylinder begins in a cylinder lock
*Shear line (meteorology), an area of wind shear
*Wind shear, a difference in wind speed or direction between two wind currents in the atmosphere
*Shear wall, in structural engineering
*Shear forming in metal working (manufacturing), a metal spinning

Shear as a verb or shearing may refer to:
*Shearing (physics), the deformation of a material substance in which parallel internal surfaces slide past one another
*Shearing (metalworking), a metalworking process
*Shearing interferometer, in optics, a simple and very common means to check the collimation of beams by observing interference
*Sheep shearing, the process of removing the wool from a sheep
*Shearing in computer graphics, more commonly called page tearing

SHEAR as an acronym may refer to:
* Society for Historians of the Early American Republic, dealing with United States History 1775-1861


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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shear — Shear, n. [AS. sceara. See {Shear}, v. t.] 1. A pair of shears; now always used in the plural, but formerly also in the singular. See {Shears}. [1913 Webster] On his head came razor none, nor shear. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Short of the wool, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shear — (sh[=e]r), v. t. [imp. {Sheared}or {Shore};p. p. {Sheared} or {Shorn}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shearing}.] [OE. sheren, scheren, to shear, cut, shave, AS. sceran, scieran, scyran; akin to D. & G. scheren, Icel. skera, Dan. ski?re, Gr. ???. Cf. {Jeer},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shear — vb Shear, poll, clip, trim, prune, lop, snip, crop are comparable when they mean to cut off something (as a piece, an excrescence, or a limb). Shear is the most general word of this group; it usually implies the use of a sharp cutting instrument… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • shear´er — shear «shihr», verb, sheared or (Archaic) shore, sheared or shorn, shear|ing, noun. –v.t. 1. to cut with shears or scissors, especially in order to remove (wool or fleece): »to shear wool from sheep …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shear — ist der Name folgender Personen: Rhonda Shear (* 1954), US amerikanische Schauspielerin und Moderatorin Tom Shear (* 1971), US amerikanischer Sänger und Musiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • shear — [ʃıə US ʃır] v past tense sheared past participle sheared or shorn [ʃo:n US ʃo:rn] [T] [: Old English; Origin: scieran] 1.) to cut the wool off a sheep 2.) literary to cut off someone s hair ▪ Her long fair hair had been shorn …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shear — (v.) O.E. sceran, scieran (class IV strong verb; past tense scear, pp. scoren), from P.Gmc. *sker to cut (Cf. O.N., O.Fris. skera, Du. scheren, Ger. scheren to shear ), from PIE * (s)ker to cut, to scrape, to hack (Cf. Skt. krnati hurts, wounds,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Shear — Shear, v. i. 1. To deviate. See {Sheer}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Engin.) To become more or less completely divided, as a body under the action of forces, by the sliding of two contiguous parts relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shear — shear, sheer Shear is a verb meaning ‘to remove by cutting’ or ‘to cut the wool off (a sheep)’, and has the past form sheared and the past participle shorn or (in the context of metal cutting) sheared. Sheer is an adjective describing a steep… …   Modern English usage

  • shear — ► VERB (past part. shorn or sheared) 1) cut the wool off (a sheep or other animal). 2) cut off with scissors or shears. 3) (be shorn of) be deprived or stripped of. 4) break off or cause to break off, owing to a structural strain. ► …   English terms dictionary

  • Shear — Shear. См. скол. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов


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