Usk


Usk

:"This is about the town in Monmouthshire. For the hamlet in British Columbia, see Usk, British Columbia. For the German software rating organization, see Unterhaltungssoftware Selbstkontrolle."infobox UK place
country = Wales
welsh_name=Brynbuga
constituency_welsh_assembly=
latitude= 51.7035
longitude= -2.9019
official_name= Usk
unitary_wales= Monmouthshire
lieutenancy_wales= Gwent
constituency_westminster= Monmouth
post_town= USK
postcode_district = NP15
postcode_area= NP
dial_code= 01291
os_grid_reference= SO375005
population= 2,318

Usk ( _cy. Brynbuga) is a small picturesque town in Monmouthshire, Wales, situated 10 miles northeast of Newport. Usk is noted for its rural setting, tranquil lifestyle and quality of life. It feels more like a village than a town. The River Usk [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/558875] flows through the town and is spanned by an ancient, arched stone bridge [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/558894] at the western entrance to the town. A castle above the town overlooks the ancient Anglo-Welsh border crossing - the river can usually be crossed on foot in summer even today. Usk won the Large Village award in the 2005 Britain in Bloom awards [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/558883] .

Amenities

The current population is less than 2,500 and the town is known for its abundant supply of pubs and restaurants and antique shops. Many people will make the drive from Newport and even further afield for a quiet meal away from the bustle of the city. The main street, which is the A472 road, is a narrow collection of old houses, restaurants, pubs, shops and businesses (some premises dating back to the 15th century), and it passes a large and tranquil town square [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/280317] .

"Usk Island" is a park named after the small, incidental island in the middle of the river. It is mostly laid to grass, with surrounding woodland. The park is popular for a picnic or stroll, and also has a substantial adventure playground.

The South Wales Gliding Club is located near Gwernesney, about three miles east of Usk.Usk Tennis Club is the current Tennis Wales Club of the Year

History

Usk was founded about AD 55 as the Roman legionary fortress of Burrium, the earliest legionary fortress in Wales. Although the site was constricted by hills, subject to flooding, and not on a navigable river, it offered good communications inland up the River Usk. However, by around AD 75 its disadvantages had become apparent and the Romans relocated their military base south to Caerleon. The Roman remains at Usk are buried on the southern side of the town.John Newman, "The Buildings of Wales: Gwent/Monmouthshire", 2000, ISBN 0-14-071053-1]

After the fortress was abandoned, it continued to be occupied as a civilian settlement, with evidence of iron working. The Normans also realised Usk's geographical and military importance within the region, and the powerful de Clare family built Usk Castle as part of their plans for controlling the area's resources and people. The castle [ [http://www.uskcastle.com Usk Castle - Official Website ] ] , whilst hidden from view by surrounding trees planted in the early 20th century, is one of the few castles still privately owned and occupied.

A Benedictine priory was founded around 1170, and part of the building is retained in the church of St. Mary. The town was incorporated by charters granted by Edmund de Mortimer, King Edward II, Edward IV, and succeeding monarchs [ [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/wal/MON/Usk/Gaz1868.html GENUKI: Usk, Monmouthshire - Extract from National Gazetteer, 1868 ] ] . Its location meant that it was inevitably frequently caught up in the border disputes between the English and the Welsh in this section of the Welsh Marches.

Usk was the birthplace of Adam of Usk. His chronicle records the 'Welsh Revolt', in 1403, when Owain Glyndŵr burned Usk to the ground while gaining control of South Wales from the English under King Henry IV and his son, later to become King Henry V. The important Battle of Pwll Melyn ("Usk") in 1405 occurred when English forces routed their Welsh opponents causing much loss of life, including the execution of three hundred Welshmen in front of Usk castle when taken prisoner. Owain's brother Tudur was killed in this battle. In 2005, the 600th anniversary of the battle of Pwll Melyn was commemorated by a [http://www.uskcastlepageant.org.uk/ son-et-lumiere show] .

In 1678, Usk was the site of St David Lewis' martyrdom for his alleged part in the bogus Popish Plot of Titus Oates.

From the late 18th century, Usk became well known for the quality of its Japanware, a process of decorating metals by applying a lacquer to tinplate. The process was first developed in the west by Thomas Allgood of nearby Pontypool and was taken on in Usk by his grandsons Thomas and Edward Allgood [ [http://www.japanware.org/index.asp?pID=8 Japanware.org - Pontypool and Usk rivalry ] ] .

Usk was a thriving market town through Victorian times. It takes its English name from the River Usk - a name derived from an ancient Brythonic word for river which may also mean "abounding in fish". The name resembles many others in Britain (e.g. Exe, Esk), and is related to Scottish "uisge" ("water"), and therefore to "whisky". During the latter 20th century the town was officially allocated the Welsh name "Brynbuga", meaning "Buga's hill" and first recorded for the town in the 15th century. [Hywel Wyn Owen, "The Place-names of Wales", 1998, ISBN 0-7083-1458-9] The Welsh speaking population locally is very low.

Llanbadoc, just across the River Usk from Usk is the birthplace (1823) of Alfred Russel Wallace, co-discoverer of evolution.

Twin town

Usk was twinned with the German town Graben-Neudorf in Baden-Württemberg in 1980 and over the past few years there have been numerous visits between the two towns, with the Usk Youth Brass Band making its most recent visit in autumn 2006. In 2006 the colour scheme of Usk in Bloom was based on those within the crests of both Usk and Graben-Neudorf.

ee also

*Usk (hundred)

References

External links

* [http://www.usktc.force9.co.uk/ Usk Town Council]
* [http://www.gtj.org.uk/item.php?lang=en&id=25410&t=1 A Roman harness stud from Usk]
* [http://www.gtj.org.uk/item.php?lang=en&id=25412&t=1 A Roman roundel with a boar from Usk]
* [http://www.gtj.org.uk/item.php?lang=en&id=28475&t=1 An early medieval gold betrothal ring from Usk]
* [http://www.urban75.org/photos/wales/usk.html Old Usk railway station]
* [http://www.castlewales.com/usk.html Castle Wales website on Usk castle]
* [http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~tonyho/index.html South Wales Gliding Club]
* [http://www.gtj.org.uk/en/item1/11369 Aerial photograph of Usk]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Usk — (en galés: Brynbuga) es una pequeña ciudad en Monmouthshire, Gales, situada a 10 kilómetros al noreste de Newport. Usk se caracteriza por su entorno rural, estilo de vida tranquilo y la calidad de vida. Se siente más como una aldea que como… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Usk — /usk/, n. a river flowing S and SE from SE Wales through SW England into the Severn estuary. 60 mi. (97 km) long. * * * ▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Brynbuga        town, present and historic county of Monmouthshire, Wales, lying along the… …   Universalium

  • USK —   [Abk. für Unterhaltungs SoftwareSelbst Kontrolle], gutachterliche Stelle für die »Prüfung interaktiver Medien und freiwillige Selbstkontrolle der Unterhaltungssoftware Wirtschaft«, die vom Förderverein für Jugend und Sozialarbeit e. V. (fjs) in …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Usk — Usk, 1) Fluß in der englischen Grafschaft Monmouth, entspringt in der Grafschaft Brecknock, nimmt die Honddy auf u. fällt in die Savernemündung; 2) Marktflecken hier, am Usk, gut gebaut …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Usk [2] — Usk (spr. ösk), alte Marktstadt in Monmouthshire (England), am Usk, mit alter Kirche (Rest eines ehemaligen, im 12. Jahrh. gegründeten Benediktinerklosters), Burgruine, Gefängnis, Forellen und Lachsfischerei und (1901) 1476 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Usk — [usk] river flowing from S Wales through W England into the Severn estuary: 60 mi (97 km) …   English World dictionary

  • USK — puede referirse a: Unterhaltungssoftware Selbstkontrolle, un organismo de clasificación de videojuegos por edades en Alemania; el código IATA del Aeropuerto de Usinsk, situado en la República de Komi (Rusia). Esta página de desambiguación… …   Wikipedia Español

  • USK — (нем. Unterhaltungssoftware Selbstkontrolle) немецкая организация накладывающая ограничения по возрасту на развлекательное программное обеспечение. Все компьютерные игры делятся на 5 групп и сопровождаются соответствующим символом с надписью:… …   Википедия

  • Usk [1] — Usk (spr. ösk, v. kelt. Visge, »Wasser«), salmreicher Nebenfluß des Severn (England), in den er nach einem Laufe von 112 km 6 km südlich von Newport mündet …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Usk — /usk/, n. a river flowing S and SE from SE Wales through SW England into the Severn estuary. 60 mi. (97 km) long …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.