Dutch town locator maps
caption = Ĳmuiden in the municipality of Velsen
Ĳmuiden is a town in the Dutch province of
North Holland, the main town of the municipality of Velsen. It lies about 17 km (10.3 mi) north of Haarlem. In the Roman era, this Velsen district was already inhabited, and archeological finds indicate there was a North Seaport of some regional importance built here. The town suffered heavy damage and demolition during World War II, because of its maritime importance.
Ĳmuiden is a fairly new town in its present form, that only came into existence in the 1870s, when the
North Sea Canalwas dug, connecting the Amsterdamharbors to the open sea. Before the present Ĳmuiden has been built, the area was known as "Breesaap", a desolate plain where only a handful of farmers strived to make a living. In 1851 the whole area was sold to the entrepreneurs Bik and Arnold, which finally set into motion the plans that had been drawn up already in 1626. The first spade hit the ground on April 8 1865.The Ĳmuiden name literally means “mouth of the Ĳ”, which is a hint to the importance the town has for the Amsterdamharbor. The name “Ĳmuiden” first appeared as "Ĳ-muiden" in lines written in 1848 by the professorand journalist(and, later, a liberal finance ministerin the Van Lynden van Sandenburg Cabinet) Simon Vissering. The present "Ĳmuiden" form was eventually adopted in 1876, as the North Sea Canalwas being completed in this section.
In 1890 it had about 1,500 inhabitants, but boomed when the Koninklijke Nederlandse Hoogovens steelworks settled in Ĳmuiden. The statistical area Ĳmuiden which includes the surrounding countryside, has a population of 30,466. The headquarters of the
Koninklijke Nederlandse Redding Maatschappijis located in Ĳmuiden.
North Holland's gate to the North Sea
North Sea Canalconnects the North Sea with the Ĳ Bay in Amsterdam.
VelsenMunicipality Hall "(Raadhuis van de gemeente Velsen)", designed by the famous architect Willem Dudok, important sights in Ĳmuiden are the North Sealocks. The latter are among the largest in the world and one set is able to close off a shipping lane of 50 meters (164 ft) wide and 12 meters (39 ft) deep. There are plans to enlarge or build a new set to facilitate even larger vessels.
DFDS Seaways serve a route between
Amsterdamand Newcastle via Ĳmuiden. A new roll-on/roll-offferry route between Ĳmuiden and Great Yarmouth in the United Kingdomwill begin in 2009 [ [http://www.businessweekly.co.uk/2001121225021/travel-and-transport-archive/dutch-daily-ferry-link-a-step-closer.html Dutch daily ferry link a step closer "(Business Weekly, December 12, 2001)"] ] .
* [http://www.velsen.nl/streaming_groot.htm Velsen Municipality Hall webcam over Ĳmuiden]
* [http://www.amsterdamports.nl/beeldbank/webcam/IJmuiden.jpgWebcam over the North Sea locks]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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