- Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
Tropical and subtropical forest regions with lower rainfall are home to tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests and tropical and subtropical coniferous forests. Temperate rain forests also occur in certain humid temperate coastal regions.
The biome includes several types of forests:
- Lowland equatorial evergreen rain forests, commonly known as tropical rainforests, are forests which receive high rainfall (more than 2000 mm, or 80 inches, annually) throughout the year. These forests occur in a belt around the equator, with the largest areas in the Amazon basin of South America, the Congo basin of central Africa, Indonesia, and New Guinea.
- Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen seasonal forests, receive high overall rainfall with a warm summer wet season and a cooler winter dry season. Some trees in these forests drop some or all of their leaves during the winter dry season. These forests are found in parts of South America, in Central America and around the Caribbean, in coastal West Africa, parts of the Indian subcontinent, and across much of Indochina.
- Montane rain forests, some of which are known as cloud forests, are found in cooler-climate mountainous areas.
- Flooded forests, including freshwater swamp forests and peat swamp forests.
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests are common in several terrestrial ecozones, including parts of the Afrotropic (equatorial Africa), Indomalaya (parts of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia), the Neotropic (northern South America and Central America), Australasia (eastern Indonesia, New Guinea, northern and eastern Australia), and Oceania (the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean). About half of the world's tropical rainforests are in the South American countries of Brazil and Peru. Rainforests now cover less than 6% of Earth's land surface. Scientists estimate that more than half of all the world's plant and animal species live in tropical rain forests.
- Center for Tropical Forest Science (CTFS)
- List of tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests ecoregions
- Trees of the world
- Facts about the world's tropical rainforests from The Nature Conservancy
- Worldwide Fund for Nature
- Types of rainforests
- Rainforest - Classroom activities
- NASA picture of the afforest of the earth in the year 2002
- BBC video clips and details of the species found here
Biomes and Ecozones Terrestrial
Other biomes Ecozones
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List of tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests ecoregions — This is a list of tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregions (TSMFs), arranged by ecozoneAfrotropicAustralasiaIndomalayaNeotropicOceaniaPalearticee also*Biome *Ecoregion *Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest *Tropical… … Wikipedia
Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests — Trinidad and Tobago dry forest on Chacachacare showing the dry season deciduous nature of the vegetation The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes … Wikipedia
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests — The North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southwestern India. It lies between 250 and 1000 meters elevation in the northern portion of the Western Ghats range, from their northern end in… … Wikipedia
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests — The Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of northern India. It lies on the alluvial plain of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, with an area of 263,100 square kilometers (101,600 square miles),… … Wikipedia
Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests — The Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of Bangladesh and eastern India. The ecoregion covers an area of 254,100 square kilometers (98,100 square miles), covering most of Bangladesh and the … Wikipedia
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests — The Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests is a subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of India, Nepal, Bhutan and Pakistan.ettingThe ecoregions covers an area of 38,200 square kilometers (14,700 square miles), which runs in a narrow band… … Wikipedia
Tropical rainforest — Tropical rainforests are generally found near the equator. They are common in Asia,Australia, Africa, South America, Central America, and on many of the Pacific Islands. Within the World Wildlife Fund s biome classification, tropical rainforests… … Wikipedia
Tropical rainforest conservation — Rainforest characteristicsTropical rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 1750 mm and 2000 mm. In contradiction to popular belief, rainforests are not major… … Wikipedia
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests — The Mizoram Manipur Kachin rain forests is a subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion which occupies the lower hillsides of the mountainous border region joining India, Bangladesh, and Burma (Myanmar). The ecoregion covers an area of 135,600… … Wikipedia
Cuban moist forests — The Cuban moist forests are a tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests ecoregion that occupies 21,400 square kilometres (8,300 sq mi) on Cuba and Isla de la Juventud. The ecoregion receives more than 2,000 millimetres… … Wikipedia