Russian Orthodox icon of the Prophet Nahum, 18th century (Iconostasis of Transfiguration Church, Kizhi Monastery, Karelia, Russia).

Nahum (play /ˈn.əm/ or /ˈnhəm/; Hebrew: נַחוּם Naḥūm‎) was a minor prophet whose prophecy is recorded in the Hebrew Bible. His book comes in chronological order between Micah and Habakkuk in the Bible.[1] He wrote about the end of the Assyrian Empire, and its capital city, Nineveh, in a vivid poetic style.[2]

Little is known about Nahum’s personal history. His name means "comforter," and he was from the town of Alqosh, (Nah 1:1) which scholars have attempted to identify with several cities, including the modern `Alqush of Assyria and Capharnaum of northern Galilee.[3] He was a very nationalistic Hebrew however and lived amongst the Elkoshites in peace. His writings could be taken as prophecy or as history. One account suggests that his writings are a prophecy written in about 615 BC, just before the downfall of Assyria, while another account suggests that he wrote this passage as liturgy just after its downfall in 612 BC.[4][5]


Current status

The tomb of Nahum is supposedly inside the synagogue at Alqosh, although there are other places outside Iraq that lay claim also to being the original “Elkosh” from which Nahum hailed. Alquosh was abandoned by its Jewish population in 1948, when they were expelled, and the synagogue that purportedly houses the tomb is in a poor structural state, to the extent that the tomb itself is in danger of destruction. The tomb underwent basic repairs in 1796. When all Jews were compelled to flee Alqosh in 1948, the iron keys to the tomb were handed to a Chaldean man by the name of Sami Jajouhana. Few Jews visit the historic site, yet Jajouhana continues to keep the promise he made with his Jewish friends, and looks after the tomb.[6] A team of US/UK construction engineers, led by Huw Thomas, is currently planning ways to save the building and the tomb.[7] Money has been allocated for proposed renovation in 2008. In secular sources, Ninaveh is first mentioned in the Code of Hammurabi(2200 B.C). Hammurabi calls himself the king who made the name of the goddess Ishthar famous in the temple of Ishthar in Ninaveh.

Liturgical commemoration

The Prophet Nahum is venerated as a saint in Eastern Christianity. On the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, his feast day is December 1[8][9][10](for those churches which follow the traditional Julian Calendar, December 1 currently falls on December 14 of the modern Gregorian Calendar). He is commemorated with the other minor prophets in the Calendar of saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church on July 31.


  1. ^ Although this has been questoned by many biblical scholars. Most now believe that Nahum shouldn't belong in the Bible. "The Chronology of Biblical Prophets", Adapted from Hauer, C.E. & Young, W. A., An Introduction to the Bible: A Journey into Three Worlds, p.123, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1994
  2. ^ Introduction to Nahum at the International Bible Society website
  3. ^ Nahum at The Catholic Encyclopedia
  4. ^ Heaton, E. W., A Short Introduction To The Old Testament Prophets, p. 35, Oneworld Publications, P.O. Box 830, 21 Broadway, Rockport, NA 01966, ISBN 1-85168-114-0
  5. ^ Nahum at
  6. ^ Chaldean Man Keeps Promise With Jewish Friends
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Προφήτης Ναούμ. 1 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ Prophet Nahum. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  10. ^ December 1. The Roman Martyrology.

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nahum — • Essay on the Old Testament prophet and the book which bears his name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nahum     Nahum     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • NAHUM — (Heb. נַחוּם; a qattūl hypocoristic of a name like נְחֶמְיָה, YHWH has comforted, like שָׁלוֹם for שַׁמּוּעַ ,שֶׁלְמְיָה for שְׁמַעְיָה etc.), one of the Twelve Minor Prophets. Nothing is known of the man himself other than the statement in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nahum — puede referirse a; Nahum, un nombre propio masculino en su variante en español. Nahum (profeta), profeta de Judá del siglo VII a. C. Libro de Nahum, libro del Antiguo Testamento cristiano y del Tanaj judío Nahum, compañero de Zorobabel… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nahum — (en hebreo Najúm) fue un profeta menor originario de Galilea que escribió el Libro de Nahum, uno de los libros del Antiguo Testamento. Es el séptimo profeta según la lista tradicional de doce profetas menores. Su nombre proviene del hebreo נָחוּם …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nahum — Nahum, Proph. (1. Dec.). Wie in der römischen wird auch in der griechischen Kirche das Andenken des hl. Propheten Nahum gefeiert. Er ist der siebente in der Reihe der zwölf kleinen Propheten, dessen Name so viel bedeutet als Erbarmer oder Tröster …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nahum — 1 Nahum 2 Nahum 3 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Nahum —   [hebräisch »Trost«], biblischer Prophet; die im Buch Nahum (3, 8) vorausgesetzte Eroberung von No Amon (Theben; 664/63 v. Chr.) durch Assurbanipal und der angekündigte Untergang Ninives (612 v. Chr.) könnten den Zeitabschnitt von Nahums… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nahum — m Biblical name, meaning ‘comforter’ in Hebrew, borne by a prophet of the 7th century BC. He was the author of the book of the Bible that bears his name, in which he prophesies the downfall of Nineveh, which fell in 612 BC. This is a well… …   First names dictionary

  • Nahum — (VIIe s. av. J. C.), prophète juif: le livre de Nahum (3 chapitres) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nahum — [nā′əm, nā′həm] n. [Heb naḥūm, lit., comfort] Bible 1. a Hebrew prophet of the 7th cent. B.C. 2. the book of his prophecies: abbrev. Na,Nah, or Nh …   English World dictionary

  • Nahum — Nahum, 1) einer der kleinen Propheten, geb. zu Elkosch in Galiläa. Seine Weissagung fällt unter der Regierung des Hiskia od. Pekah, nach And. war er Zeitgenoß des Jesaia. Seine erhabene, durch den baldigen Erfolg bekräftigte Prophetie gegen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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