Tōhoku region

The nihongo|Tōhoku region|東北地方|Tōhoku-chihō is a geographical area of Japan. "Tōhoku" is Japanese for "northeast," and the Tōhoku region occupies the northeastern portion of Honshū, the largest island of Japan. The area is also known as nihongo|Michinoku|みちのく|.

The region consists of six prefectures: Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi and Yamagata Prefectures.

The last stronghold of the indigenous Ainu on Honshū and the site of many battles, Tōhoku retains a reputation as a remote region, offering breathtaking scenery but a harsh climate. The haiku poet Matsuo Bashō wrote "Oku no Hosomichi" (The Narrow Road to the Deep North) during his travels through Tōhoku.

Tōhoku, like most of Japan, is hilly or mountainous, with the Ōu Mountains running north-south. Its initial historical settlement occurred between the seventh and ninth centuries, well after Japanese civilization and culture had become firmly established in central and southwestern Japan. Although iron, steel, cement, chemical, pulp, and petroleum-refining industries began developing in the 1960s, Tōhoku was traditionally considered the granary of Japan because it supplied Sendai and the Tokyo-Yokohama market with rice and other farm commodities. Tōhoku provided 20 percent of the nation's rice crop. The climate, however, is harsher than in other parts of Honshū and permits only one crop a year on paddy fields.

The inland location of many of the region's lowlands has led to a concentration of much of the population there. Coupled with coastlines that do not favor seaport development, this settlement pattern resulted in a much greater than usual dependence on land and railroad transportation. Low points in the central mountain range fortunately make communications between lowlands on either side of the range moderately easy. Tourism became a major industry in the Tōhoku region, with points of interest including
*the islands of Matsushima Bay
*Lake Towada
*Oirase River Valley
*Lake Tazawa
*the Rikuchu Coastline National Park
*the Bandai-Asahi National Park
*Sanriku Coastline
*Mount Bandai
*Three Mountains of Dewa

ee also

*2006 Kuril Islands earthquake
*Geography of Japan
*Japanese dialects#Tōhoku
*List of regions in Japan

External links

*wikitravel|Tohoku region|Tōhoku region


*loc - [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/jptoc.html Japan]

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