Osteotomes used in dental implantation
Bernhard Heine's osteotome
Component parts of the osteotome, and the instrument in use

An osteotome is an instrument used for cutting or preparing bone.

The instrument was invented by Bernhard Heine, a German physician in Würzburg, in 1830. Heine's invention was used as a bone saw, especially for opening the skull. It was a kind of chain saw moved by turning a winder.

Today osteotomes are used in dental implantation. With the osteotome technique, osteoplastic procedures have been developed in which the bone quality (compaction of local bone) and bone quantity (ridge extension in horizontal and vertical dimension) are routinely improved and adequate primary stability of the implants can be ensured with a high degree of predictability.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Osteotome — Os te*o*tome, n. [Osteo + Gr. te mnein.] (Surg.) Strong nippers or a chisel for dividing bone. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ostéotome — ● ostéotome nom masculin Scie à os, qui a la forme d une chaîne …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • osteotome — [äs′tē ō tōm΄] n. [ OSTEO + TOME] a surgical instrument for cutting or dividing bone …   English World dictionary

  • osteotome — /os tee euh tohm /, n. Surg. a double beveled chisellike instrument for cutting or dividing bone. [1835 45; < NL osteotomus. See OSTEO, TOME] * * * …   Universalium

  • osteotome — noun a) a medical tool used for cutting or marking bone, used in dental implantation b) a kind of bone saw used in the 19th and early 20th centuries …   Wiktionary

  • osteotome — An instrument for use in cutting bone. [osteo + G. tome, incision] * * * os·te·o·tome äs tē ə .tōm n a chisel without a bevel that is used for cutting bone * * * n. a surgical chisel designed to cut bone. * * * os·teo·tome (osґte o… …   Medical dictionary

  • ostéotome — (o sté o to m ) s. m. Terme d anatomie et de chirurgie. Scie à os qui a la forme d une chaîne. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Ostéo..., et terme grec signifiant section …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • osteotome — n. tool for cutting bone (Surgery) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • osteotome — os·te·o·tome …   English syllables

  • osteotome — n. a surgical chisel designed to cut bone (see illustration) …   The new mediacal dictionary

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