Jesse Stuart Born Jesse Hilton Stuart
August 8, 1907
Riverton, Kentucky, USA
Died February 17, 1984(aged 76)
Ironton, Ohio, USA
Occupation Author, educator Alma mater Lincoln Memorial University Vanderbilt University Notable work(s) Taps for Private Tussie Notable award(s)
Guggenheim Award, 1937Poet Laureate of Kentucky, 1954
Thomas Jefferson Memorial Award, 1943
Spouse(s) Naomi Deane Norris Relative(s) Mitchell Stuart (father)
Martha Stuart (mother)
Jesse Hilton Stuart (August 8, 1907 – February 17, 1984) was an American writer who is known for writing short stories, poetry, and novels about Southern Appalachia. Born and raised in Greenup County, Kentucky, Stuart relied heavily on the rural locale of Northeastern Kentucky for his writings. Stuart was named the Poet Laureate of Kentucky in 1954. He died at Jo-Lin nursing home in Ironton, Ohio, which is near his boyhood home.
Stuart was born near Riverton, Kentucky in Greenup County to Mitchell and Martha (Hilton) Stuart on August 8, 1907. In 1939, Stuart married Naomi Deane Norris, a school teacher, and they settled in W Hollow.
One day while he was plowing in the field, he stopped and wrote the first line of a sonnet: "I am a farmer singing at the plow." the first line of the seven hundred and three sonnets that he would collect in Man with a Bull-Tongue Plow (1934). The book was described by the Irish poet George William Russell (who wrote poetry under the name of AE) as the greatest work of poetry to come out of America since Walt Whitman published Leaves of Grass. Stuart was made poet laureate of the state of Kentucky in 1954, and in 1961 he received the award from American Academy of Poets.
His first novel was Trees of Heaven (1940). Set in rural Kentucky, the novel tells the story of Anse Bushman, who loves working the land and wants more land. Stuart's style is simple and sparse. Taps for Private Tussie (1943) is perhaps his most popular novel, selling more than a million copies in only two years. The novel also received critical claim and won the Thomas Jefferson Southern Award for the best Southern book of the year. In 1974, Gale Research (in American Fiction, 1900-1950) identified Jesse Stuart as one of the forty-four novelists in the first half of the twentieth century with high critical acclaim. Jesse Stuart was the second youngest of that group (William Saroyan was one year younger).
Stuart published about 460 short stories. He wrote his first short story "Nest Egg" when he was a sophomore in high school in 1923. The story is of a rooster at his farm, whose behavior was so dominant that it began attracting hens from other farms, leading to conflict with the neighbors. Twenty years later, he submitted the story unchanged to the Atlantic Monthly, which accepted the story and published it in February 1943; it was later collected in Tales from Plum Grove Hills.
One of his most anthologized stories is "Split Cherry Tree," first published in Esquire, January 1939. In this story, a high school teacher in a one-room schoolhouse keeps a boy after school to work and pay for damage he did to a cherry tree. The boy's uneducated father comes to school to argue with the teacher, but comes to appreciate the value of higher education.
The theme of education appears often in Stuart's books. He described the role that teaching played in his life in The Thread that Runs So True (1949), though he changed the names of places and people. He first taught school in rural Kentucky at the age of 16 at Cane Creek Elementary School, which became Lonesome Valley in his book.
After being denied at three colleges, he was finally accepted at and attended Lincoln Memorial University, near Harrogate, Tennessee. After graduating he returned to the area and taught at Warnock High School in Greenup, Kentucky. Later he was appointed principal at McKell High School, but resigned a year later to attend graduate school at Vanderbilt University. He also served as superintendent of the Greenup County Schools before ending his career as an English teacher at Portsmouth (Ohio) High School.
The Thread that Runs So True (1949) has become a classic of American education. Ruel Foster noted in 1968 that the book had good sales in its first year. At the time she wrote, sales for the book had gone up in each successive year, an astonishing feat for any book. The book has remained continuously in print for more than fifty years.
Jesse Stuart State Nature Preserve
The natural settings of W Hollow were prominent throughout Stuart's writings. Prior to his death he donated 714 acres (2.89 km2) of woodlands in W Hollow to the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission. The Jesse Stuart State Nature Preserve is dedicated to protecting the legacy of Stuart, and ensures that a significant portion of W Hollow will remain undeveloped in perpetuity. The trail system is open to the public from dawn to dusk all year long.
Books by Jesse Stuart
- Man with a Bull-Tongue Plow, E.P. Dutton & co., 1934
- Album of Destiny, E. P. Dutton & co., inc., 1944
- Kentucky is My Land, Dutton, 1952
- Hold April, McGraw-Hill, 1962
- Beyond Dark Hills, E.P. Dutton & company, inc., 1938; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1996, ISBN 9780945084532
- The Thread that Runs So True. C. Scribner's Sons. 1950. http://books.google.com/books?id=364uP4E3vl8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Jesse+Stuart&hl=en&ei=uEEgTo-7Mojv0gHW5byWAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false. ; Dramatic Publishing, 1958, ISBN 9780871296771
- The Year of My Rebirth 1956; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1991, ISBN 9780945084174
- To Teach, To Love, World Pub. Co., 1970; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1987, ISBN 9780945084020
- My World. University Press of Kentucky. 1975. ISBN 9780813102115. http://books.google.com/books?id=CscSRQhGZ4IC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Jesse+Stuart+world&hl=en&ei=_0QgTqKzL-He0QGDy73OAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- Daughter of the Legend, McGraw-Hill, 1965; J. Stuart Foundation, 1994, ISBN 9780945084426
- Trees of Heaven. E.P. Dutton & co.,inc.. 1940. http://books.google.com/books?id=MrGGveO7vy8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Jesse+Stuart&hl=en&ei=uEEgTo-7Mojv0gHW5byWAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CEcQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q&f=false. ; University Press of Kentucky, 1980, ISBN 9780813101507
- Taps for Private Tussie, E.P. Dutton, 1943; World Pub. Co., 1969
- Foretaste of Glory. E. P. Dutton and Company, inc.. 1946. http://books.google.com/books?id=6wVSbw3FbXUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Jesse+Stuart+foretaste&hl=en&ei=EpggTra1Ncrx0gG6xfWTAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false. ; University Press of Kentucky, 1986, ISBN 9780813101705
- Hie to the Hunters Whittlesey House, 1950; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1996, ISBN 9780945084594
- Mr. Gallion's School, McGraw-Hill, 1967
- The Land Beyond the River, McGraw-Hill, 1973, ISBN 9780070622418
For Young Readers
- The thread that runs so true, C. Scribner's Sons, 1950; Scribner, 1977, ISBN 9780684151601
- The Beatinest Boy Whittlesey House, 1953; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1989, ISBN 9780945084129
- A Penny's Worth of Character, Whittlesey House, 1954; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1993, ISBN 9780945084327
- Red Mule 1955; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1993, ISBN 9780945084334
- A Ride with Huey, the Engineer 1966; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1988, ISBN 9780945084105
- Old Ben 1970; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1992, ISBN 9780945084228
Short story collections
- Head o' W-Hollow, E. P. Dutton & co., inc., 1936; Books for Libraries Press, 1971, ISBN 9780836940657
- Men of the Mountains. E. P. Dutton & co.. 1941. http://books.google.com/books?id=mmwdnGfxeJwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Jesse+Stuart&hl=en&ei=uEEgTo-7Mojv0gHW5byWAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CD4Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false. ; University Press of Kentucky, 1979, ISBN 9780813101439
- Tales from the Plum Grove Hills E. P. Dutton & Company, inc., 1946; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1997, ISBN 9780945084624
- Plowshares in Heaven, McGraw-Hill, 1958
- Save Every Lamb, McGraw-Hill, 1964
- Come Gentle Spring McGraw-Hill, 1969; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 2008, ISBN 9781931672474
- A Jesse Stuart Harvest 1965; Mockingbird Books, 1976, ISBN 9780891760108
- My Land Has a Voice, McGraw-Hill, 1966
- Come Back to the Farm McGraw-Hill, 1971; Jesse Stuart Foundation, 2001, ISBN 9780945084945
- 32 Votes Before Breakfast, McGraw-Hill, 1974
- New Harvest: Forgotten Stories of Kentucky's Jesse Stuart, Jesse Stuart Foundation, 2003, ISBN 9781931672177
- Clearing in the sky & other stories. University Press of Kentucky. 1984. ISBN 9780813101576. http://books.google.com/books?id=8XyWyizIqRgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Jesse+Stuart&hl=en&ei=h0MgTuqGEKL30gGS2Pi1Aw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDsQ6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q&f=false.
Books About Jesse Stuart
- Jesse Stuart: His Life and Works, by Everetta Love Blair (University of South Carolina Press, 1967)
- Jesse Stuart, by Ruel E. Foster (Twayne, 1968)
- Jesse Stuart: An Extraordinary Life, by James M. Gifford and Erin R. Kazee (Jesse Stuart Foundation, 2010)
- Jesse: The Biography of an American Writer, Jesse Hilton Stuart, by H. Edward Richardson (McGraw-Hill, 1984)
- ^ Peyton, Dave (May 5, 1975). "Conversations with Jesse Stuart". The Huntington Advertiser. http://www.aliciapatterson.org/APF001975/Peyton/Peyton01/Peyton01.html. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- ^ "Guide to the Jesse Stuart Collection". Hutchins Library Appalachian Bibliography. Berea, Kentucky: Berea College. 2009. http://www.berea.edu/hutchinslibrary/specialcollections/saa12.asp. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- ^ "Register of Jesse Stuart Papers". Huntington, West Virginia: Special Collections Department James E. Morrow Library Marshall University. 1986. http://www.marshall.edu/library/speccoll/mss_guide/pdf/ms032-stuart.pdf. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
- ^ Ballard, Jamie (October 5, 1997). "Jesse Stuart". KYLIT. Eastern Kentucky University. http://www.english.eku.edu/SERVICES/KYLIT/stuart1.htm. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- ^ Wedemeyer, Dee (August 18, 1985). "Kentucky's Living Fiction". The New York Times (New York City: The New York Times Company). http://www.nytimes.com/1985/08/18/travel/kentucky-s-living-fiction.html?&pagewanted=1. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
- ^ "Author, Poet, Educator Jesse Stuart Dies". Portsmouth Daily Times. 1984-02-22.
- ^ "Jesse Stuart SNP". Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission. http://naturepreserves.ky.gov/naturepreserves/Pages/statewide_snpsna.aspx. Retrieved 28 November 2009. [dead link]
- ^ Brown, Michael H. (2007). "Jesse Stuart State Nature Preserve". Hiking Kentucky: A Guide to Kentucky's Greatest Hiking Adventures. Falcon Guide: Where to hike (2 ed.). Globe Pequot. pp. 32, 33, 34, 35. ISBN 076273650X. http://books.google.com/books?id=gqIlMIda6nkC&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=Jesse+Stuart+State+Nature+Preserve&source=bl&ots=tJmjFUIRWO&sig=eoVZ2x3VI-WdTQxyNdRuT-DJjr0&hl=en&ei=KWsRS5yUB5X4NdS3-TM&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CCkQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=Jesse%20Stuart%20State%20Nature%20Preserve&f=false. Retrieved November 28, 2009.
- The Jesse Stuart Foundation
- Jesse Stuart State Nature Preserve
- "Split Cherry Tree" online
- Register of the Jesse Stuart Papers. Marshall U., Huntington, W. Va. Includes biographical sketch.
- WVU Libraries: Jesse Stuart Web Exhibit.
- Kentucky People: Jesse Stuart at Our Old Kentucky Home
Protected Areas of Kentucky Federal StateBlue Licks Battlefield • Big Bone Lick • Carr Creek • Columbus-Belmont • Dale Hollow Lake • E. P. "Tom" Sawyer • Fishtrap Lake • Fort Boonesborough • General Burnside • John James Audubon • Kincaid Lake • Kingdom Come • Lake Malone • Levi Jackson Wilderness Road • Lincoln Homestead • Mineral Mound • My Old Kentucky Home • Nolin Lake • Old Fort Harrod • Paintsville Lake • Pine Mountain Trail • Taylorsville Lake • Yatesville LakeOther
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