Jewish gauchos

Jewish gauchos (in Spanish, "gauchos judíos") is a common name for Jewish immigrants that settled in fertile regions of Argentina, typically in "agricultural colonies". These colonies were mostly established by the Jewish Colonization Association of Paris (of which the Baron Maurice de Hirsch and the Baroness de Hirsch were the founders and practically the sole stockholders), which purchased the land and arranged the entrance of Russian refugees. One such colony is Colonia Lapin located in the Province of Buenos Aires. Most of these immigrants were from Podolia and Bessarabia, in Imperial Russia.

The first eight Jewish families arrived in Argentina in October 1888. In August 1889, 824 Jewish immigrants arrived from Russia on the steamer "Weser", and settled in the Moïseville colony (today the town of Moisés Ville) in the province of Santa Fe.

The noted playwright Peretz Hirshbein briefly participated in this movement.

ee also

* History of the Jews in Argentina
* Immigration in Argentina
* Jewish agricultural colonies in the Russian Empire

Bibliography

* Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906). " [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=905&letter=A&search=argentina%201888 Agricultural colonies in the Argentine Republic (Argentina)] ". West Conshohocken: JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed: 27 April 2007.

* Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906). " [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=271&letter=J&search=argentina%201888 Jewish Colonization Association] ". West Conshohocken: JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed: 27 April 2007.

* Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906). " [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=758&letter=H&search=argentina%201888 Hirsch, Clara de (Baroness de Hirsch-Gereuth)] ". West Conshohocken: JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed: 27 April 2007.

* Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906). " [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=771&letter=H&search=argentina%201888 Hirsch, Baron Maurice de (Moritz Hirsch, Freiherr auf Gereuth)] ". West Conshohocken: JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed: 27 April 2007.


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