Jewish gauchos (in Spanish, "
gauchos judíos") is a common name for Jewish immigrants that settled in fertile regions of Argentina, typically in "agricultural colonies". These colonies were mostly established by the Jewish Colonization Associationof Paris(of which the Baron Maurice de Hirschand the Baroness de Hirsch were the founders and practically the sole stockholders), which purchased the land and arranged the entrance of Russian refugees. One such colony is Colonia Lapinlocated in the Province of Buenos Aires. Most of these immigrants were from Podoliaand Bessarabia, in Imperial Russia.
The first eight Jewish families arrived in Argentina in October
1888. In August 1889, 824 Jewish immigrants arrived from Russia on the steamer "Weser", and settled in the Moïseville colony (today the town of Moisés Ville) in the province of Santa Fe.
The noted playwright
Peretz Hirshbeinbriefly participated in this movement.
History of the Jews in Argentina
Immigration in Argentina
Jewish agricultural colonies in the Russian Empire
* Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906). " [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=905&letter=A&search=argentina%201888 Agricultural colonies in the Argentine Republic (Argentina)] ". West Conshohocken: JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed: 27 April 2007.
* Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906). " [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=271&letter=J&search=argentina%201888 Jewish Colonization Association] ". West Conshohocken: JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed: 27 April 2007.
* Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906). " [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=758&letter=H&search=argentina%201888 Hirsch, Clara de (Baroness de Hirsch-Gereuth)] ". West Conshohocken: JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed: 27 April 2007.
* Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-1906). " [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=771&letter=H&search=argentina%201888 Hirsch, Baron Maurice de (Moritz Hirsch, Freiherr auf Gereuth)] ". West Conshohocken: JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed: 27 April 2007.
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