Charsadda, Khyber Pukhtonkhawa, Pakistan Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Pakistan Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Time zone AST (UTC+4,5)
Charsadda (Pashto: چارسدہ) is a town and headquarters of Charsadda District, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located at 34°8'43N 71°43'51E with an altitude of 276 metres (908 feet) and lies 29 kilometres from the provincial capital - Peshawar.
Mr. Puhtoonkhwa Rafiq Mukhlis Also live in Charsadda
The earliest archaeological deposits recovered at Charsadda are dated to ca. 1400 BCE, constituting a series of post holes in association with ceramic sherds and ash. Subsequent periods indicate that more permanent structures were built at Charsadda, including stone-lined pits. Between the 14th century BCE and the 6th century BCE, when an Achaemenid presence is represented at the site (see below), the inhabitants of Charsadda developed an iron-working industry and used ceramics that are typical for this period in the Vale of Peshawar, Swat and Dir.
The father of Sanskrit grammar, Panini was from this area and lived around 500−700 BCE.
The later history of Charsadda can be traced back to the 6th century BCE. It was the capital of Gandhara from the 6th century BCE to the 2nd century CE. The ancient name of Charsadda was Pushkalavati, which means "Lotus City". It was the administrative centre of the Gandhara kingdom. Many invaders have ruled over this region during different times of history. These include the Persians, Alexander the Great's Greeks, the Mauryas, the Greco-Bactrians, the Indo-Greeks, the Indo-Scythians, the Indo-Parthians, the Kushans, the Huns, the Turks.
Charsadda is contiguous to the town of Prang;(city of jaguars) and these two places were identified by Alexander Cunningham with the ancient Pushkalāvati, capital of the region at the time of Alexander's invasion, and transliterated as Peukelaus or Peukelaotis by the Greek historians. Its chieftain (Astes), according to Arrian, was killed in defence of one of his strongholds after a prolonged siege by Hephaistion. Ptolemy fixes its site upon the eastern bank of the Suastene or Swat. In the seventh century CE Hiuen Tsiang visited the city, which he describes as being 100 li (16⅔ miles) north-east of Peshawar. A stupa, erected over the spot where Buddha made an alms-offering of his eyes, formed the great attraction for the Buddhist pilgrim and his co-religionists. The city, however, had even then been abandoned as a political capital in favour of Purushapura, Parashāwara, or Peshawar.
It probably extended over a large area, and the entire neighborhood is covered with vast ruins. Excavation was carried out in the neighbourhood of Charsadda for about two months in the spring of 1902-3. Some interesting finds of coins and pottery ornaments, including an engraved amethyst, were made, and the remains of the ancient Bala Hisar (Acropolis) were mapped.
The main crops of Charsadda are tobacco, sugarcane, sugarbeet, wheat and maize. Vegetables include potato, tomato, cabbage, brinjals, okra and spinach. Among orchards, apricot, citrus, plum, strawberry and pears are famous. Utmanzai is one of the important villages in Charsadda which is also the birth place of great Pushtoon leaders Bacha Khan, Wali Khan and Asfandiyar Wali Khan. Hayat Muhammad khan Shaheed and Aftab Muhammad Khan Sherpao are also the great leaders of Charsadda.
The land of Charsadda is very fertile and beautiful and is said to closely resemble Damascus due to its beauty.
There are five rivers flowing in Charsadda: the River Jindi, the Kabul River, Swat RiverShalam and Naguman; these are the main source of irrigation for Charsadda. The three rivers then merge and join the Indus River. The area surrounded by River Swat and River Kabul is called Doaaba and has a great importance in the District.Dense Forrest area is Charsadda and Nisatta.Sardaryab,Khyali,Jindi,Shalam and Naguman these five river meet in Nisatta area and becomes Kabul river.
- ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Charsada - Government of Pakistan
- ^ Location of Charsadda - Falling Rain Genomics
- ^ a b Chārsadda Town - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 181.
- ^ Rondeaux, Candace; Ali, Imtiaz (February 10, 2008). "Blast Kills at Least 25 At NW Pakistan Rally". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/02/09/AR2008020900821.html?hpid=topnews. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- ^ "Microsoft Word - Final draft of Oxfam report.doc" (PDF). http://www.ndma.gov.pk/Publications/livingwithdisasters.pdf. Retrieved 2010-06-01.
CapitalCharsadda Tehsils Union councilsAbazai · Agra · Battagram · Behlola · Chindro Dag · Dargai · Daulat Pura · Dhakki · Dheri Zardad · Dosehra · Gandhera · Ghunda Karkana · Hajizai · Harichand · Hassan Zai · Hisara Nehri · Hissara Yasinzai · Kangra · Katozai · Khan Mahi · Koz Behram Dheri · Maira Umderzai · Mandani · Matta Mughal Khel · Mera Parang · Mirzadher · Muhammad Nari · Nisatta · Panjpao · Rajjar · Rashakai · Sarki Titara · Sheikho · Sherpao · Shodag · Tangi · Tarnab · Turangzai · Umderzai · Zaim
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Charsadda — Charsadda … Wikipedia Español
Charsadda — Lage des Distrikts Charsadda in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Charsadda ist eine Stadt in der pakistanischen Provinz Khyber Pakhtunkhwa mit etwa 97.000 Einwohnern (Schätzung 2006). Sie liegt in der Ebene von Peschawar, 29 km nordöstlich von der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charsadda — 34°08′N 71°43′E / 34.133, 71.717 … Wikipédia en Français
Charsadda — Original name in latin Chrsadda Name in other language Charsadda, Chrsadda State code PK Continent/City Asia/Karachi longitude 34.14345 latitude 71.73173 altitude 303 Population 95319 Date 2012 01 17 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Charsadda — Chạrsadda [tʃ ], Ort in Pakistan, am Swat, nahe Peshawar. Nahebei lag die alte Stadt Pushkalavati, griechisch Kaspạpyros. Weibliche Terrakottaidole (4. 2. Jahrhundert v. Chr.), achaimenidische Keramik und Eisengeräte, baktrisch hellenistische … Universal-Lexikon
Charsadda Tehsil — Charsadda Tehsil Country Pakistan Province … Wikipedia
Charsadda (disambiguation) — Charsadda may refer to: Charsadda, a city in Pakistan Charsadda Tehsil, Pakistan Charsadda District, Pakistan, Pakistan Charsadda District (Afghanistan), in Ghor Province, Afghanistan This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct… … Wikipedia
Charsadda District, Pakistan — For the district in Afghanistan, see Charsadda District (Afghanistan). Charsadda District District Map of … Wikipedia
Charsadda District — Infobox Pakistan district district = Charsadda District area = population = pop year = density = caption = Location of Charsadda District (highlighted in red) within the North West Frontier Province. established = nazim = naib nazim = seats =… … Wikipedia
Charsadda District — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Chārsadda District Country and Admin Code PK.03.7419051 PK … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II