John William Donaldson

John William Donaldson (June 7, 1811 - February 10, 1861), was an English philologist and biblical critic.

He was born in London, and was educated at University College, London, and Trinity College, Cambridge, of which he subsequently became a fellow. In 1841 he was elected headmaster of King Edward's school, Bury St Edmunds, but in 1855 he resigned his post and returned to Cambridge, where his time was divided between literary work and private tuition.

He is remembered as a pioneer of philology in the UK, though much of his work is now obsolete. The "New Cratylus" (1839), the book on which his fame mainly rests, was an attempt to apply to the Greek language the principles of comparative philology. It was founded mainly on the comparative grammar of Franz Bopp, but a large part of it was original, Bopp's grammar not being completed till ten years after the first edition of the "Cratylus". In the "Varronianus" (1844) the same method was applied to Latin, Umbrian and Oscan. His "Jashar" (1854), written in Latin as an appeal to the learned world, and especially to German theologians, was an attempt to reconstitute the lost biblical book of Jashar from the remains of old songs and historical records, which, according to the author, are incorporated in the existing text of the Old Testament.

His bold views on the nature of inspiration, and his free handling of the sacred text, aroused the anger of the theologians. Of his numerous other works the most important are The Theatre of the Greeks; The History of the Literature of dncient Greece (a translation and completion of Otfried Müller's unfinished work); editions of the "Odes" of Pindar and the "Antigone" of Sophocles; a Hebrew, a Greek and a Latin grammar.

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John W. Donaldson — William John Donaldson (b. September 24 1958, in Los Angeles) is an International Master of chess. He has been an IM since 1983. He is also an author, organizer, journalist and chess politician. He was Captain of the US Team in six Chess… …   Wikipedia

  • William Donaldson (disambiguation) — William Donaldson may refer to:*William Donaldson, British theatrical producer, satirist, writer and playboy *William H. Donaldson, former chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission *William S. Donaldson (Cmdr.), United States Navy… …   Wikipedia

  • DONALDSON, JOHN WILLIAM —    a philologist, born in London; Fellow of Cambridge and tutor of Trinity College; author of New Cratylus; or Contributions towards a more Accurate Knowledge of the Greek Language, a work of great erudition and of value to scholars; contributed… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Donaldson — is a patronymic surname meaning son of Donald . There are other spellings. Donaldson may refer to: People Surname Alastair Donaldson, a Scottish bass guitar player for the band The Rezillos Alex Donaldson (1890–unknown), a Scottish footballer… …   Wikipedia

  • John Donaldson (disambiguation) — John Donaldson may refer to:*John Donaldson (1892 1970), baseball player in the Negro League *John Donaldson (second baseman) (1943), baseball player in the American League *John Donaldson, Baron Donaldson of Lymington (1920 2005), British judge… …   Wikipedia

  • John W. C. Wand — John William Charles Wand PC KCVO (25 January 1885 – August 16, 1977), English born, Anglican archbishop of Brisbane, Australia.LifeJohn W. C. Wand was born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, England, son of Arthur James Henry Wand, butcher, and his wife …   Wikipedia

  • Donaldson and Meier — David Stott Building Donaldson and Meier was an architectural firm based in Detroit, Michigan. Founded in 1880 by John Donaldson (1854–1941) and Henry J. Meier (1858–1917) the firm produced a large and varied number of commissions in Detroit and… …   Wikipedia

  • William Adam (architect) — Infobox Architect caption = Portrait by William Aikman, 1727 name = William Adam nationality = Scottish birth date = October 1689 birth place = Linktown of Abbotshall (now Kirkcaldy), Fife death date = 24 June 1748 (aged 58) death place =… …   Wikipedia

  • John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn — For other people named John Morley, see John Morley (disambiguation). The Right Honourable The Viscount Morley of Blackburn OM, PC Lord Morley of Blackburn …   Wikipedia

  • William Taylor Barry — (* 5. Februar 1784 in Lunenburg, Lunenburg County, Virginia; † 30. August 1835 in Liverpool) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratisch Republikanischen Partei, der als …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.