- Nag Hammadi
Nag Hammadi Coordinates: Country Egypt Governorate Qena Governorate Time zone EST (UTC+2)
Nag Hammadi (Arabic: نجع حمادى, IPA: [ˈnæɡʕe ħæmˈmæːdi]), is a city in Upper Egypt. Nag Hammadi was known as Chenoboskion (Greek: Χηνοβόσκιον) in classical antiquity, meaning "geese grazing grounds". It is located on the west bank of the Nile in the Qena Governorate, about 80 kilometres north-west of Luxor.
The town of Nag Hammadi was established by Mahmoud Pasha Hammadi, who was a member of the Hammadi family in Sohag, Egypt. Mahmoud Pasha Hammadi was a major landholder in Sohag, and known for his strong opposition to the British occupation.
Mahmoud Pasha Hammadi created Nag Hammadi for the indigenous people from Sohag who were forced to abandon their homeland by the British occupation. In recognition of this, the new town was given the name "Hammadi".
The Nag Hammadi Library
Nag Hammadi is best known for being the site where local farmers found a sealed earthenware jar containing thirteen leather-bound papyrus codices, together with pages torn from another book, in December 1945. The mother of the farmers burned one of the books and parts of a second (including its cover). Thus twelve of these books (one missing its cover) and the loose pages survive. The writings in these codices, dating back to the 2nd century AD, comprised 52 mostly Gnostic tractates (treatises), believed to be a library hidden by monks from the nearby monastery of St Pachomius when the possession of such banned writings, denounced as heresy, was made an offence.
The contents of the Coptic-bound codices were written in Coptic, though the works were probably all translations from Greek. Most famous of these works must be the Gospel of Thomas, of which the Nag Hammadi codices contain the only complete copy.
All the texts have been public since 1975, and are available online.
Nag Hammadi massacre
- ^ James M. Robinson (1988). The Nag Hammadi Library. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco. . "The Nag Hammadi library consists of twelve books, plus eight leaves removed from a thirteenth book in late antiquity and tucked inside the front cover of the sixth. These eight leaves comprise a complete text, an independent treatise taken out of a book of collected essays." (p.10)
- ^ www.nag-hammadi.com
- ^ a b Egypt's anxious Copts 'await next catastrophe'
- ^ http://translate.google.com/translate?js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&layout=1&eotf=1&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.elfagr.org%2FNewsDetails.aspx%3FnwsId%3D15807%26secid%3D3611&sl=ar&tl=en
- ^ "Egypt church attack kills Copts". BBC News. 2010-01-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/8444851.stm.
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Nag Hammadi — es un pueblo en la ribera del río Nilo en Egipto, donde en el año 320 después de Cristo, San Pacomio fundó el primer monasterio cristiano. En el 367 d.C., los monjes locales copiaron unos 45 escritos religiosos diversos (incluso los evangelios de … Enciclopedia Universal
Nag Hammadi — 26° 03′ 09″ N 32° 14′ 31″ E / 26.0525, 32.2419 … Wikipédia en Français
Nag Hammadi — Lage von Nag Hammadi Nag Hammadi (arabisch نجع حمادي, DMG Naǧʿ Ḥammādī, hocharabisch Nadschʿ Hammadi, ägyptisch arabisch Nagʿ Ḥammādī) ist eine Stadt in Oberägypten, 127 km nördlic … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nag Hammadi — Situación del pueblo de Nag Hammadi, en Egipto. Nag Hammadi (árabe نجع حمادي; transliteración: Naj Hammādi) ( … Wikipedia Español
Nag Hammadi — Nạg Hammadi, Stadt in Oberägypten, am linken Nilufer (Eisenbahnbrücke) 170 km südlich von Assiut, 23 400 Einwohner; Marktzentrum, Zuckerraffinerie, Aluminiumhütte; Bewässerungsstaudamm (1928 30 erbaut). 1945/46 wurden bei Nag Hammadi 13… … Universal-Lexikon
Nag Hammadi — noun 1. a town in Upper Egypt • Instance Hypernyms: ↑town • Part Holonyms: ↑Upper Egypt 2. a collection of 13 ancient papyrus codices translated from Greek into Coptic that were discovered by farmers near the town of Nag Hammadi in 1945; the… … Useful english dictionary
Nag Hammadi — Town in Upper Egypt on the Nile. In 1945 a collection of 13 codices containing 53 Gnostic texts (scriptures and commentaries) was found nearby at the site of an ancient settlement on the river s eastern bank. Written in the Coptic language, the… … Universalium
Nag Hammadi — A modern town in upper Egypt. It is the nearest town to Chenoboskion, where texts relevant to the early Christian Church were discovered in 1945, two years before the accidental discovery of the first scrolls by the Dead Sea. These twelve papyrus … Dictionary of the Bible
NAG HAMMADI — the site in upper Egypt where important manuscript discoveries were made in 1946. The texts are COPTIC translations of Greek GNOSTIC and HERMETIC texts. They included the Gospel of Thomas and are our main source of direct information about… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Nag Hammadi Codex XIII — (designated by siglum NHC XIII) is a papyrus codex with a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts in Coptic (Sahidic dialect). The manuscript is dated to the 4th century. Contents 1 Description 2 … Wikipedia