Akiva Eger

Infobox Person
name = Akiva Eger



image_size = 200px
caption = "Picture of the pious sage, leader of the diaspora, our master rabbi Akiva Eger"
birth_date = Birth date|1761|11|8 (11 Cheshvan 5522 Anno Mundi)
birth_place = Eisenstadt, Hungary
death_date = Death date and age|1837|10|12|1761|11|8 (13 Tishrei 5598 Anno Mundi)
death_place = Poznań
resting_place = Poznań
resting_place_coordinates =
residence = Markisch Friedland, Posen
nationality = flagicon|Hungary|1867Hungarian
other_names = Akiba ben Moses Guens
known_for =
occupation = Rabbi
religion = Haredi Orthodox Judaism
spouse =
children =
parents =
relatives =


website =
footnotes =
Rabbi Akiva Eger, (born: Akiva Güns), (1761-1837), was an outstanding Talmudic scholar, influential halakhic decisor and foremost leader of European Jewry during the early 19th century.

Akiva Eger was born in Eisenstadt — the most important town of the Seven Jewish Communities of Burgenland, Hungary, (now Austria). He was a child prodigy and was educated first at the Mattersdorf yeshiva and later by his uncle, Rabbi Wolf Eger, (1756-1795) (b. "5516", d. "6 Tishrei 5556"), at the Breslau (Wrocław) yeshiva, who later became Rabbi of Tziltz and Leipnik. Out of respect for his uncle he changed his surname to Eger. He therefore shared the full name Akiva Eger with his maternal grandfather, the first Rabbi Akiva Eger. (1722-1758) (b. "5482", d. "15 Elul 5518"). the "Mishnas De'Rebbi Akiva" who was Rabbi of Zülz, Silesia from 1749 and Pressburg from 1756.

He was the rabbi of Märkisch Friedland, West Prussia, from 1791 until 1815; then for the last twenty two years of his life, he was the rabbi of the city of Posen (Poznań). He was a rigorous casuist of the old school, and his chief works were legal notes and responsa on the "Talmud" and the "Shulkhan Arukh". He believed that religious education was enough, and thus opposed the party which favored secular schools. He was a determined foe of the Reform movement, which began to make itself felt in his time.

Progeny

Among his children were his two sons, Abraham (1781-1853) and Solomon (1785-1852), a rabbi in Kalisz, Poland and chief rabbi of Posen from 1837 to 1852. His daughter Sarel (1790-1832) (b. "5550", d. "18 Adar II 5592"), was the second wife of the "Chasam Sofer" (1762-1839) Rabbi of Pressburg.

References

*
* Jacob H. Sinason. "Gaon of Posen: A Portrait of Rabbi Akiva Guens-Eger". Feldheim, 1990. ISBN 0-87306-548-4.

External links

* [http://www.chabad.org/library/article.asp?AID=112047 Short biography of Rabbi Akiva Eger]
* [http://www.loebtree.com/eger.html Family tree]

Timeline

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • EGER (Eiger), AKIVA (The Younger) BEN MOSES GUENS — EGER (Eiger), AKIVA ( The Younger ) BEN MOSES GUENS (1761–1837), German rabbi. Born in Eisenstadt, Eger went to Breslau at an early age to study under his uncle, Benjamin Wolf Eger, and Ḥayyim Jonah Teomim Fraenkel. In 1780, he went to live with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EGER, SOLOMON BEN AKIVA — (1786–1852), rabbi and rosh yeshivah. Born in Lissa, he was the son of R. akiva eger the younger , under whom he studied. Eger became a merchant in Warsaw, but after losing his fortune in the Polish rebellion in 1831, he accepted the rabbinate of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EGER, AKIVA BEN SIMḤAH BUNIM — (c. 1720–1758), rabbi and author, known as R. Akiva Eger the Elder. A native of Halberstadt, he was a pupil of Ẓevi Hirsch Bialeh (Ḥarif) of Halberstadt and Jacob ha Kohen Poppers of Frankfurt. Around 1747, he served as rabbi of Zuelz (Upper… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EGER, SIMḤAH BUNIM BEN MOSES — (1770–1829), Hungarian talmudist, younger brother of akiva eger the Younger. Eger was also known by the family names of Guens and Schlesinger. After studying under his brother Akiva and then continuing his studies in Krotoszyn, he was appointed… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EGER, SAMUEL (Perez Sanwel) BEN JUDAH LOEB — (1769–1842), German talmudic scholar and author. Eger, the grandson of akiva eger the Elder, was born in Halberstadt. After studying at his father s yeshivah, in 1809 he became rabbi of Brunswick where he served until his death. He had one of the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Akiva (disambiguation) — Akiva may refer to:People*Akiba ben Joseph, a Judean tanna and the father of Rabbanical Judaism*Akiva Eger, a Rabbi and Talmudic scholar*Akiva Eldar, an Israeli journalist and author*Akiva Goldsman, a screenwriter of movies*Akiva Librecht, a… …   Wikipedia

  • EGER, JUDAH LEIB OF LUBLIN — (1816–1888), ḥasidic ẓaddik, son of solomon eger , grandson of akiva eger the younger . Born in Warsaw, Judah studied in Posen under his grandfather, whom he regarded as an example of moral virtues. He also studied at the yeshivah of Isaac Meir… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eger, Akiva ben Moses — (1761 1837)    German rabbi. He was born in Eisenstadt and served as a rabbi at Markisch Friedland in 1791, and from 1814 at Posen, where he established a yeshivah. As one of the foremost rabbinic authorities in Europe, he opposed the Reform… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Eger, Akiva ben Simha Bunem — (c. 1720 58)    German rabbi and author. He was born in Halberstadt and served as rabbi of Zuelz in Upper Silesia. In 1756 he became head of the yeshivah of Pressburg. He was one of the foremost talmudic scholars of his generation. He published… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Eger, Solomon ben Akiva — (1786 1852)    Polish rabbi and communal leader. He was born in Lissa and served as rabbi of Kalisz and Posen. He encouraged Jews to move away from commerce into farming, solicited contributions for Palestine, and campaigned for the emancipation… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography


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