name = Akiva Eger
image_size = 200px
caption = "Picture of the pious sage, leader of the diaspora, our master rabbi Akiva Eger"
birth_date = Birth date|1761|11|8 (11
Cheshvan5522 Anno Mundi)
death_date = Death date and age|1837|10|12|1761|11|8 (13
Tishrei5598 Anno Mundi)
residence = Markisch Friedland, Posen
nationality = flagicon|Hungary|1867Hungarian
other_names = Akiba ben Moses Guens
occupation = Rabbi
Haredi Orthodox Judaism
footnotes = Rabbi Akiva Eger, (born: Akiva Güns), (1761-1837), was an outstanding
Talmudicscholar, influential halakhic decisor and foremost leader of European Jewry during the early 19th century.
Akiva Eger was born in
Eisenstadt— the most important town of the Seven Jewish Communities of Burgenland, Hungary, (now Austria). He was a child prodigy and was educated first at the Mattersdorf yeshivaand later by his uncle, Rabbi Wolf Eger, (1756-1795) (b. "5516", d. "6 Tishrei 5556"), at the Breslau( Wrocław) yeshiva, who later became Rabbi of Tziltzand Leipnik. Out of respect for his uncle he changed his surnameto Eger. He therefore shared the full name Akiva Eger with his maternal grandfather, the first Rabbi Akiva Eger. (1722-1758) (b. "5482", d. "15 Elul 5518"). the "Mishnas De'Rebbi Akiva" who was Rabbi of Zülz, Silesiafrom 1749 and Pressburg from 1756.
He was the
rabbiof Märkisch Friedland, West Prussia, from 1791 until 1815; then for the last twenty two years of his life, he was the rabbiof the city of Posen ( Poznań). He was a rigorous casuistof the old school, and his chief works were legal notes and responsaon the " Talmud" and the " Shulkhan Arukh". He believed that religious education was enough, and thus opposed the party which favored secular schools. He was a determined foe of the Reform movement, which began to make itself felt in his time.
Among his children were his two sons, Abraham (1781-1853) and Solomon (1785-1852), a rabbi in
Kalisz, Polandand chief rabbiof Posen from 1837 to 1852. His daughter Sarel (1790-1832) (b. "5550", d. "18 Adar II 5592"), was the second wife of the "Chasam Sofer" (1762-1839) Rabbi of Pressburg.
* Jacob H. Sinason. "Gaon of Posen: A Portrait of Rabbi Akiva Guens-Eger". Feldheim, 1990. ISBN 0-87306-548-4.
* [http://www.chabad.org/library/article.asp?AID=112047 Short biography of Rabbi Akiva Eger]
* [http://www.loebtree.com/eger.html Family tree]
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EGER (Eiger), AKIVA (The Younger) BEN MOSES GUENS — EGER (Eiger), AKIVA ( The Younger ) BEN MOSES GUENS (1761–1837), German rabbi. Born in Eisenstadt, Eger went to Breslau at an early age to study under his uncle, Benjamin Wolf Eger, and Ḥayyim Jonah Teomim Fraenkel. In 1780, he went to live with… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EGER, SOLOMON BEN AKIVA — (1786–1852), rabbi and rosh yeshivah. Born in Lissa, he was the son of R. akiva eger the younger , under whom he studied. Eger became a merchant in Warsaw, but after losing his fortune in the Polish rebellion in 1831, he accepted the rabbinate of … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EGER, AKIVA BEN SIMḤAH BUNIM — (c. 1720–1758), rabbi and author, known as R. Akiva Eger the Elder. A native of Halberstadt, he was a pupil of Ẓevi Hirsch Bialeh (Ḥarif) of Halberstadt and Jacob ha Kohen Poppers of Frankfurt. Around 1747, he served as rabbi of Zuelz (Upper… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EGER, SIMḤAH BUNIM BEN MOSES — (1770–1829), Hungarian talmudist, younger brother of akiva eger the Younger. Eger was also known by the family names of Guens and Schlesinger. After studying under his brother Akiva and then continuing his studies in Krotoszyn, he was appointed… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EGER, SAMUEL (Perez Sanwel) BEN JUDAH LOEB — (1769–1842), German talmudic scholar and author. Eger, the grandson of akiva eger the Elder, was born in Halberstadt. After studying at his father s yeshivah, in 1809 he became rabbi of Brunswick where he served until his death. He had one of the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Akiva (disambiguation) — Akiva may refer to:People*Akiba ben Joseph, a Judean tanna and the father of Rabbanical Judaism*Akiva Eger, a Rabbi and Talmudic scholar*Akiva Eldar, an Israeli journalist and author*Akiva Goldsman, a screenwriter of movies*Akiva Librecht, a… … Wikipedia
EGER, JUDAH LEIB OF LUBLIN — (1816–1888), ḥasidic ẓaddik, son of solomon eger , grandson of akiva eger the younger . Born in Warsaw, Judah studied in Posen under his grandfather, whom he regarded as an example of moral virtues. He also studied at the yeshivah of Isaac Meir… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Eger, Akiva ben Moses — (1761 1837) German rabbi. He was born in Eisenstadt and served as a rabbi at Markisch Friedland in 1791, and from 1814 at Posen, where he established a yeshivah. As one of the foremost rabbinic authorities in Europe, he opposed the Reform… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Eger, Akiva ben Simha Bunem — (c. 1720 58) German rabbi and author. He was born in Halberstadt and served as rabbi of Zuelz in Upper Silesia. In 1756 he became head of the yeshivah of Pressburg. He was one of the foremost talmudic scholars of his generation. He published… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Eger, Solomon ben Akiva — (1786 1852) Polish rabbi and communal leader. He was born in Lissa and served as rabbi of Kalisz and Posen. He encouraged Jews to move away from commerce into farming, solicited contributions for Palestine, and campaigned for the emancipation… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography