Hesder (in Hebrew: "arrangement"; or Yeshivat Hesder ישיבת הסדר) is an Israeli yeshiva program which combines advanced Talmudic studies with military service in the Israel Defense Forces, usually within a Religious Zionist framework. These "yeshivot" allow religious Jews to fulfill the ideal of full and active participation in the defense of the Israeli people, while still engaging in intense Torah study during their formative years.

Framework and description

Hesder service usually lasts a total of five years, within which participants are officially soldiers in the IDF. Through those five years, 16 months are dedicated to actual army service, comprising both training and active duty. In some Hesder Yeshivas service lasts six years of which 24 months are dedicated to actual army service. Almost all Hesder Yeshiva students serve in the army as combat soldiers. The remainder of the time in Hesder is designated for full time Torah study. Some students study for several years after this mandatory term.

The typical "Yeshivat Hesder" functions along the lines of a traditional Orthodox yeshiva, with an emphasis on in-depth study of the Talmud. However, the curriculum of a Hesder yeshiva often additionally includes an increased focus on Tanakh and Jewish Philosophy. In addition, most "Yeshivot Hesder" encourage their students to spend time helping the needy in surrounding communities.

Many of the "Yeshivot Hesder" also support a "Kollel" and offer a "Semicha" ("rabbinic ordination") program, usually in preparation for the "Semicha of the Rabbanut"; many Hesder graduates also obtain semicha from Zalman Nechemia Goldberg. Since 1990, various hesder yeshivot have established, or are associated with, teachers' institutes. Graduates of these yeshivot are thus often active in the educational system of the national-religious, both as rabbis and as teachers.

Most "Yeshivot Hesder" have 150-300 students, while some of the larger ones have 400-500 students and a few have less than 100 students. A number have programs for students from the Diaspora lasting one or two years. The most prominent of these programs are those of Yeshivat Kerem B'Yavneh, Yeshivat Shaalvim, Yeshivat HaKotel and Yeshivat Har Etzion.

As an alternative to Hesder, many high school students opt to study at a one-year "mechina" and then proceed to a regular period of military service.


The first "Yeshivat Hesder" was Kerem B'Yavneh, founded in 1953 (with its program modelled on Nahal; a unit combining time on a (frontier) kibbutz with army service). Today there are 41 "Yeshivot Hesder" spread throughout Israel. In 1991, the "Yeshivot Hesder" were awarded the Israel Prize for their exceptional contribution to the nation.

Legal standing

The legal standing of yeshivot taking part in the Hesder program was regulated for years by orders of the Israeli Minister of Defense. In 1999, a ruling by the Israeli Supreme Court invalidated such orders dealing with exemptions from service of Haredi yeshiva students. As it was much less controversial, that ruling didn't deal with the Hesder program. However, the new Knesset's law concerning Haredi yeshiva student exemptions also included an article concerning the legal status of Hesder service and "yeshivot". More recently, there has been growing concern that the groups of young men studying and serving together in the IDF will be broken down into smaller groups and dispersed across the branches and corps of the IDF.

List of Yeshivot


ee also

* Israel Defense Forces
* Mechina
* Sherut Leumi
* Nahal Charedi

* Haim Drukman

* Orthodox Judaism
* Religious Zionism

* Yeshiva
* Midrasha

External links

* [http://www.hesder.org.il/ Yeshivat Hesder] , אתר ישיבות ההסדר (Hebrew)

* [http://www.vbm-torah.org/archive/ral2-hes.htm The Ideology of Hesder] , Rabbi Dr. Aharon Lichtenstein
* [http://www.kby.org/history/history.cfm History of Yeshivat Kerem B'Yavneh] , kby.org
* [http://www.yesmalot.co.il/eng/1001.html Ideological Basis of Hesder] , Yeshivat Hesder Maalot
* [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/676488.html Defense Ministry tries to reach deal with Hesder Yeshiva] , Ha'aretz
* [http://www1.idf.il/DOVER/site/mainpage.asp?clr=1&sl=EN&id=7&docid=42378.EN We have a mission and we will complete it] , "Israeli Defense Forces" Official Website

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hesder — Hebräisch: Anordnung, Jeschivat Hesder ישיבת הסדר) ist ein Jeschiwa Programm in Israel, das das Lernen des Talmuds mit dem Militärdienst kombiniert. Vor allem Anhänger des Religiösen Zionismus nehmen an diesem Programm teil. Diese Jeschiwot… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hesder Yeshiva of Sderot — The Hesder Yeshiva of Sderot, known formally as the Max and Ruth Schwartz Yeshivat Hesder of Sderot was founded in 1994 by Rabbi Dovid Fendel.[1] The yeshiva is located in the town of Sderot, one kilometer from the Gaza Strip and the Palestinian… …   Wikipedia

  • Yeshivat Hesder Petah Tikva — is a Hesder Yeshiva located in Petah Tikva, Israel. Established in 1998, it currently has 150 students, 25% whom are actively serving in the IDF. HistoryYeshivat Hesder Petah Tikva was established by Rabbi Yuval Cherlow, Rabbi David Stav and… …   Wikipedia

  • Yeshivat Hesder — n. (In Israel) special school for Jewish religious studies set up to work within a military framework …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Yeshivat Or Etzion — is a Hesder Yeshiva, religious high school, and religious army preparation high school. It is located in Merkaz Shapira, Israel. It was founded in 1978. Its Rosh yeshiva is Rabbi Haim Drukman. The yeshiva roll is approximately 220 students.… …   Wikipedia

  • Mercaz HaRav — One of the yeshiva buildings Mercaz HaRav (Hebrew: מרכז הרב‎, lit. center of The Rabbi (Rabbi Kook), more properly, Mercaz HaRav Kook Hebrew: מרכז הרב קוק‎), is a national religious yeshiva in Jerusalem, Israel, fo …   Wikipedia

  • Ohr Somayach, Jerusalem — For other uses of Ohr Somayach , see Ohr Somayach (disambiguation). Ohr Somayach entrance sign Ohr Somayach (also Or Samayach or Ohr Somayach International) was founded in 1970. It is a yeshiva based in Jerusalem, Israel, catering mostly to young …   Wikipedia

  • Yeshivat Ohr Yerushalayim — The beit midrash at Yeshivat Ohr Yerushalayim Yeshivat Ohr Yerushalayim (ישיבת אור ירושלים) is a yeshiva which caters to English speaking students spending a year in Israel after high school. It is located on Moshav Beit Meir, nine miles (15 km)… …   Wikipedia

  • Migdal Oz (seminary) — Beit Midrash of Migdal Oz Stella K. Abraham Beit Midrash for Women, commonly known as Migdal Oz (Hebrew: מדרשת מגדל עוז‎), is an Orthodox Jewish institution of higher Torah study for women located in the Israeli settlement and Kibbutz Migdal Oz… …   Wikipedia

  • Marbeh Torah — is a Haredi yeshiva for English speaking baalei teshuva, located in Bnei Brak. It belongs to the Lithuanian stream of Orthodox Judaism. The main beis midrash is located on the second floor of the building which also houses the Kollel Chazon Ish… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.