1972 Republican National Convention
Infobox National Political Convention
year = 1972
party = Republican
August 21- August 23
Miami Beach Convention Center
city = Miami Beach,
MarylandThe 1972 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United Stateswas held from August 21to August 23, 1972at the Miami Beach Convention Centerin Miami Beach, Florida. It nominated the incumbents, Richard M. Nixon of California, for President and Spiro T. Agnew of Marylandfor Vice President. The convention was chaired by then-U.S. House Minority Leader and future Nixon successor, Gerald Fordof Michigan.
San Diego, California, had originally been selected as host city for the convention. Columnist Jack Anderson, however, discovered a memo written by Dita Beard, a lobbyistfor International Telephone and Telegraph, suggesting the company pledge $400,000 toward the San Diego bid in return for the U.S. Department of Justice settling its antitrustcase against ITT [http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/92fall/elephants.htm] . Fearing scandal, and citing labor and cost concerns, the GOP transferred the event--scarcely three months before it was to begin—to Miami Beach, which was also hosting the 1972 Democratic National Convention. It was the third and last time both the Republican and Democratic national party conventions were held in the same city.Fact|date=July 2007 The RNC did not return to San Diego until 1996.
The convention set a new standard, as it was scripted as a media event to an unprecedented degree [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2519/is_6_25/ai_n6142582] .
keynoteaddress, by Anne Armstrongof Texas, was the first national convention keynote delivered by a woman [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/30/AR2008073002605.html] .
Nixon easily turned back primary challenges on the right from Rep.
John M. Ashbrookof Ohioand on the left from Rep. Pete McCloskeyof California. However, under New Mexico state law, McCloskey had earned one delegate, which the convention refused to seat, fearing that the delegate might put McCloskey's name in nomination and give an antiwar speech. Representative (and delegate) Manuel Lujan of New Mexico, a staunch Nixon supporter, decided to honor state law by voting for McCloskey himself. The final result was that Nixon received 1,347 votes to one for McCloskey and none for Ashbrook. Throughout the precisely scripted convention, delegates chanted "Four more years! Four more years!" [cite news| title=A New Majority for Four More Years?| work= TIME| date=1972-09-04| url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,910380-1,00.html]
Spiro Agnew was re-nominated for vice president with 1,345 votes, against one vote for television journalist
David Brinkleyand two abstentions.Fact|date=July 2007 The NBCnetwork, for which Brinkley worked, had some "Brinkley for Vice President" buttons made, which the news team wore as a joke.Fact|date=July 2007
The convention was targeted for widespread protests, particularly against the
Vietnam War, and the Nixon administration made efforts to suppress it. In 2005, files released under a Freedom of Information Actlawsuit showed that the Federal Bureau of Investigationeven monitored Beatle John Lennonafter he was invited to play for Yippie protests. The monitoring of Lennon later concluded that he was not a dangerous revolutionary, being "constantly under the influence of narcotics."Fact|date=July 2007
The U.S. Justice Department
indicted Scott Camil, John Kniffen, Alton Foss, Donald Perdue, William Patterson, Stan Michelsen, Peter Mahoney and John Briggs—collectively known as the Gainesville Eight—on charges of conspiracyto disrupt the Convention. All were exonerated.
autobiography, "Born on the Fourth of July", Ron Kovicdescribes how he and fellow Vietnam Veterans Against the Warprotesters Bobby Muller, Bill Wieman, and Mark Clevinger were spat upon at the convention. [http://justoneminute.typepad.com/main/2005/05/who_spat_on_who.html] .
1972 Democratic National Convention
United States presidential election, 1972
*Ancona, Vincent S. [http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/92fall/elephants.htm When the Elephants Marched Out of San Diego: The 1972 Republican Convention Fiasco] , "The Journal of San Diego History", Fall
1992, Volume 38, Number 4
* " [http://edition.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/europe/09/22/lennon.fbi/ Lennon 'too stoned to pose threat'] ,"
September 22, 2005, retrieved from CNN.com December 14, 2005.
* Kirkpatrick, Jeane J, " [http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.19097/pub_detail.asp Representation in the American National Conventions: The Case of 1972] ," "British Journal of Political Science",
July 1, 1975. Available as a PDF courtesy of the American Enterprise Institute
* Nixon, Richard " [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/shownomination.php?convid=18 Remarks on Accepting the Presidential Nomination of the Republican National Convention] ," August 23rd, 1972. Provided by the American Presidency Project,
University of California, Santa Barbara.
*Four More Years,
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