name = Rose McClendon
imagesize = 150px
caption = Rose McClendon photo taken by
Carl Van Vechten, 1935
birthname = Rose Virginia Scott McClendon
birthdate = birth date|1884|8|27|mf=y
New York, New York, United States
deathdate = death date and age|1936|7|12|1884|8|27|mf=y
New York, New York, United States
Mount Hope Cemetery Hastings-on-Hudson Westchester County
Rose McClendon born Rose Virginia Scott McClendon, (
August 27, 1884– July 12, 1936) was a leading African AmericanBroadway actressof the 1920's.
Rose McClendon, the "Negro first lady of the dramatic stage"(1) was born in Greenville, SC under the name of Rosalie Virginia Scott. Rose was born circa in 1885 in
South Carolinaand as a child relocated to New York City. She started acting in churchplays as a child, but did not become a professional actress until she won a scholarshipto the American Academy of Dramatic Art, when she was in her thirties.
Her first claim to fame came in "Deep River", a "native opera with jazz", in 1926. In addition to acting, she also directed several plays at the Harlem Experimental Theatre.
She was a contemporary of Paul Robeson, Ethel Barrymore, Lynne Fontanne and Langston Hughes. Hughes wrote a character for her in his 1935 play, Mulatto. Her talent extended to directing as well as acting. She co-founded the Negro People's Theatre in Harlem (1935). A year later McClendon died of pneumonia. Her co-founder and his wife, Dick Campbell and Murial Rahn, founded the Rose McClendon players.
* "Deep River" 1926
* "Abraham's Bosom" 1927
* "Black Souls" 1932
* "Never No More" 1932
* "Panic" 1935
* "Mulatto" 1936
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