Run (island)

Run is one of the smallest islands of the Banda Islands which are a part of Indonesia. It is about 3 km long and less than 1 km wide.

In earlier times Run was of considerable economic importance due to the value of the spices nutmeg and mace which are obtained from the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragans), at that time only growing on the Banda Islands. During the history of the spice trade sailors of the British East India Company of the second expedition of James Lancaster, John Davis and John Middleton who stayed in Bantam on Java first reached the Island in 1603 and developed good contacts with the inhabitants.On December 25th, 1616 [ [http://timelines.ws/countries/INDONESIA.HTML Timeline Indonesia ] ] , Captain Nathaniel Courthope reached Run to defend it against claims of the Dutch East India Company. A contract with the inhabitants was signed accepting the English King as sovereign of the island. After four years of siege by the Dutch and the murder of Nathaniel Courthope in an ambush in 1620, the English and their local allies departed without a struggle.

According to the Treaty of Westminster ending the First Anglo-Dutch War of 1652–1654 Run should have been returned to England. The first attempt in 1660 failed due to formal constraints by the Dutch; after the second in 1665 the English traders were expelled in the same year and the Dutch destroyed the nutmeg trees.After the second Anglo-Dutch War of 1665–1667 England and the United Provinces of the Netherlands agreed in the Treaty of Breda to the status quo: The English kept the island of Manhattan which the Duke of York (the future James II, brother of Charles II), had occupied illegally in 1664 and renamed from New Amsterdam to New York and Run was officially abandoned to the Dutch. The Dutch monopoly on nutmeg and mace was destroyed by the transfer of nutmeg trees to Ceylon, Singapore and other British colonies in 1817 after the capture of the main island, Bandalontor, in 1810 by Captain Cole leading to the decline of the Dutch supremacy in the spice trade. There are, however, still nutmeg trees growing on Run today.

References

External links

* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=4%C2%B0+33%E2%80%B2+25.87%E2%80%B3+S,+129%C2%B0+41%E2%80%B2+1.63%E2%80%B3+E&ie=UTF8&ll=-1.933227,95.800781&spn=72.882094,176.484375&t=h&z=3 Location] , courtesy Google maps.

Further reading

*The author Giles Milton's book "Nathaniel's Nutmeg: How One Man's Courage Changed the Course of History" (Sceptre books, Hodder and Stoughton, London) gives a vivid account of the struggle for possession of the Banda Islands.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Run — or runs may refer to: Computers* Execution (computers), meaning to begin operation of a computer program ** Run command, a command used to execute a program in Microsoft Windows * RUN (magazine) , a computer magazine of the 1980s * A sequence of… …   Wikipedia

  • Island View House — (Castletownbere,Ирландия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Knockanroe …   Каталог отелей

  • Island Breezers — is the brand name given to the open top bus services run by Southern Vectis, the main bus operator on the Isle of Wight.The Island Breezers name and livery was developed in 2007, when the previous orange and yellow open top tours livery was… …   Wikipedia

  • Island (novel series) — Island is a novel trilogy by Canadian author Gordon Korman. The books are set in contemporary times and designed for young teenagers. The series consists of: Shipwreck (2000) Survival (2001) Escape (2001) Island Trilogy Bind Up Book (2006)… …   Wikipedia

  • Island of Mozambique — Island of Mozambique * UNESCO World Heritage Site Fort Sao Sebastiao Country …   Wikipedia

  • Island Falls, Saskatchewan — Island Falls is a hydroelectric power station operated by SaskPower, a Saskatchewan crown corporation. It is located on the Churchill River at 55.5° N, 102.4° W, about sixty miles (100 km) northwest of Flin Flon, Manitoba, Canada.Island Falls was …   Wikipedia

  • Island Trees Union Free School District — is a school district in central Nassau County on Long Island, approximately 12 miles east of New York City. The district includes parts of the following hamlets; Levittown, Bethpage and Seaford.The Island Trees School District gained notoriety in …   Wikipedia

  • Island City — may refer to:;In geography *Island City, Indiana, an unincorporated settlement in the United States *Island City, Oregon, a city in the United States *Island City, Fukuoka (アイランドシティ), a man made island in Japan;In entertainment * Island City… …   Wikipedia

  • Island Records discography — Given the longevity of the Island Records record label it is inevitable that a large amount of data has to be gathered, managed and presented not only correctly but also usably. To this end, the label s history (and this discography) can… …   Wikipedia

  • Island School — Infobox School | name = Island School 港島中學 imagesize = 90px caption = Island School established = 1967 type = Private, comprehensive, international, secondary, co educational. principal = flagicon|England Mrs Michelle Hughes faculty = not… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.