John Barclay Armstrong
John Barclay Armstrong (
January 1, 1850– May 1, 1913) was a Texas Ranger lieutenant and a United StatesMarshal, usually remembered for his role in the pursuit and capture of the famous gunfighter John Wesley Hardin.
Armstrong was born in McMinnville,
Tennessee, son of Dr. John B. Armstrong and Maria Susannah Ready on January 1, 1850. Among notable relatives were his maternal grandfather Charles Ready, a U.S. Representative from Tennesseeand his cousin Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan, CSA. After living in Arkansasand Missourifor a short time, Armstrong moved to Austin, Texasin 1871. After a short experience as a lawman, in 1875 he joined the Special Force under Captain Leander H. McNelly, a newly created quasi-military branch of the Texas Rangers that was to operate in southern Texas. His role as McNelly's second in command and right hand earned him the promotion to sergeant and the nickname "McNelly's Bulldog".
With the death of McNelly and the absorption of the Special Force within the Texas Rangers' Frontier Battalion in 1876, Armstrong was promoted to Lieutenant. He was involved in several notable cases, like the capture of Hardin and the pursuit and killing of noted bank robber
Armstrong resigned his position at the Rangers in 1881, and was shortly after appointed U.S. marshal. He established in
Willacy County, Texas, where he founded a considerably large ranch. He died at his home in Armstrong, Texason May 1, 1913.
The ranch was later reorganized into
Kenedy County, Texas, and in 2006 was the site of a huntingaccident involving Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney.
The film "Texas Rangers" (2001) portrays the exploits of Armstrong, who is played by actor
*Handbook of Texas|id=AA/far10|name=John Barclay Armstrong
*John Barclay Armstrong [http://www.texasranger.org/halloffame/Armstrong_John.htm] from the "Texas Ranger Hall of Fame Online"
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