Chris Ofili Born 10 October 1968
Nationality British Field Painting Training Chelsea School of Art
Royal College of Art
Works No Woman No Cry (1998),
Captain Shit and the Legend of the Black Stars (1998),
The Upper Room (2002)
Awards 1998 Turner Prize
Chris Ofili (born 10 October 1968) is a Turner Prize winning British painter best known for artworks referencing aspects of his Nigerian heritage, particularly his incorporation of elephant dung. He was one of the Young British Artists, and is now based in Trinidad.
Ofili was born in Manchester. He had a Catholic school education for years attending St. Pius X High School for Boys, and then Xaverian College in Victoria Park, Manchester. Ofili completed a foundation course in art at Tameside College in Ashton-under-Lyne in Greater Manchester and studied in London, at the Chelsea School of Art from 1988 to 1991 and at the Royal College of Art from 1991 to 1993.
Ofili was established through exhibitions by Charles Saatchi at his gallery in north London and the travelling exhibition Sensation (1997) becoming recognised as one of the few British artists of African/Caribbean descent to break through as a member of the Young British Artists group. Ofili has also had numerous solo shows since the early 1990s including the Serpentine Gallery. In 1998, Ofili won the Turner Prize, and in 2003 he was selected to represent Britain at the Venice Biennale of that year, where his work for the British Pavilion was done in collaboration with the architect David Adjaye.
In 1992 he won a scholarship which allowed him to travel to Zimbabwe. Ofili, who is of Nigerian descent, studied cave paintings there, which had some effect on his style. Though Ofili's detractors often state that he "splatters" elephant dung on his pictures, this is inaccurate: he sometimes applies it directly to the canvas in the form of dried spherical lumps, and sometimes, in the same form, uses it as varnished foot-like supports on which the paintings stand.
Ofili's painting also reference blaxploitation films and gangsta rap, seeking to question racial and sexual stereotypes in a humorous way. His work is often built up in layers of paint, resin, glitter, dung (mainly elephant) and other materials to create a collage.
Ofili has been founder and prime mover behind the short-lived Freeness Project. This involved the coming together of artists, producers and musicians of minority ethnic groups (Asian and African) in an attempt to expose the music that may be unheard in other spaces. Freeness allowed the creativity of unsigned contemporary British ethnic minority artists to be heard. The result of months of tours to 10 cities in the UK resulted in Freeness Volume 1 - a compilation of works that were shown during the tour.
Ofili has been living and working in Trinidad since 2004 (James 2010)and currently resides in Fort Greene, Brooklyn.
The Holy Virgin Mary and Mayor Giuliani
One of his paintings, The Holy Virgin Mary, a depiction of the Virgin Mary, was at issue in a lawsuit between the mayor of New York City, Rudy Giuliani, and the Brooklyn Museum of Art when it was exhibited there in 1999 as a part of the "Sensation" exhibit. The painting depicted a Black Madonna surrounded by images from blaxploitation movies and close-ups of female genitalia cut from pornographic magazines, and elephant dung. These were formed into shapes reminiscent of the cherubim and seraphim commonly depicted in images of the Immaculate conception and the Assumption of Mary. Following the scandal surrounding this painting, Bernard Goldberg ranked Ofili #86 in 100 People Who Are Screwing Up America. Red Grooms showed his support of the artist by purchasing one of Ofili's paintings in 1999, even after Giuliani famously exclaimed, “There’s nothing in the First Amendment that supports horrible and disgusting projects!” The painting is now owned by David Walsh and is on display at the Museum of Old and New Art in Hobart, Tasmania.
The Upper Room and the Tate Gallery
The Upper Room is an installation of 13 paintings of rhesus macaque monkeys by Ofili in a specially-designed room. It was bought by the Tate Gallery in 2005 and caused controversy as Ofili was on the board of the Tate Trustees at the time of the purchase. In 2006 the Charity Commission censured the Tate for this purchase.
- ^ Chris Ofili Brief biography on Artnet. Retrieval Date: 26 July 2007.
- ^ The Independent, Feb 27, 2000
- ^ Free stuff by James Cowdery 22 September 05
- ^ Robert Ayers (November 20, 2007), Red Grooms’s Chris Ofili Drawing, ARTINFO, http://www.artinfo.com/news/story/26119/red-groomss-chris-ofili-drawing/, retrieved 2008-04-17
- ^ Gabriella Coslovich (April 14, 2007), The Collector, The Age, http://moorilla.com.au/files/pdf/thecollector.pdf/, retrieved 2010-12-24
- Film about Chris Ofili's 2010 exhibition at Tate Modern and how his move to Trinidad has freed up his work - The Guardian
- Chris Ofili at the Museum of Modern Art
- David Zwirner: Chris Ofili
- Victoria Miro Gallery: Chris Ofili
- Turner Prize Winner 1998: Chris Ofili
- Chris Ofili: Old BBC Profile
- Criticism of the Tate The Upper Room purchase
- Elephant dung artist gives a little back 22 Feb 2002
- Defence of the Tate The Upper Room purchase.
- "How The Tate Broke The Law" (Guardian 07/2006)
- Chris Ofili, published by Rizzoli Fall 2009, contributers include David Adjaye, Thelma Golden, Okwui Enwezor, Peter Doig and Kara Walker Rizzoli New York
Young British Artists ArtistsFiona Banner · Henry Bond · Christine Borland · Glenn Brown · Angela Bulloch · Jake and Dinos Chapman · Adam Chodzko · Mat Collishaw · Ian Davenport · Tacita Dean · Tracey Emin · Angus Fairhurst · Anya Gallaccio · Liam Gillick · Douglas Gordon · Marcus Harvey · Damien Hirst · Gary Hume · Michael Landy · Abigail Lane · Chris Ofili · Sarah Lucas · Stephen Park · Richard Patterson · Simon Patterson · Steven Pippin · Marc Quinn · Fiona Rae · Alessandro Raho · Jenny Saville · Georgina Starr · Sam Taylor-Wood · Gavin Turk · Gillian Wearing · Rachel Whiteread · Jane and Louise Wilson Influences Artworks Shows Curators Galleries Collectors Advocates Opponents See also
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Chris Ofili — (nacido en 1968) es un pintor británico notable para materiales gráficos que se refieren los aspectos de su herencia nigeriana. Pertenece al grupo de los Artistas Jóvenes Británicos. Es ganador del Premio Tunrner (Turner Prize) y su trabajo ha… … Wikipedia Español
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No Woman No Cry (painting) — No Woman No Cry by Chris Ofili (1998). The painting stands on two dried, varnished lumps of elephant dung. A third is used as the pendant of the necklace. No Woman No Cry is a painting created by Chris Ofili in 1998. It was one of the works… … Wikipedia