Abu Kalijar

Abu Kalijar (d. October 1048) was the Buyid amir of Fars (1024-1048), Kerman (1028-1048) and Iraq (1044-1048). He was the eldest son of Sultan al-Daula.

The death of Sultan al-Daula in 1024 prompted a succession crisis within the Buyid state. Not until 1027 did the army in Baghdad pick his brother Jalal al-Daula as ruler. In the meantime Abu Kalijar had built up his power in Fars, although the first several years of his reign were marked by the oversight of his tutor, a eunuch named Sandal. and entered into a conflict with the Buyid ruler of Kerman, Qawam al-Daula. The latter's death in 1028 allowed Abu Kalijar to occupy the province.

In 1033 the Ghaznavids invaded Kerman, with the object of overrunning the Buyid states. However, the financial obligations imposed on the people of Kerman convinced them that Buyid rule would be preferable. In the following year, Abu Kalijar's vizier Bahram ibn Mafinna expelled the Ghaznavids from the province.

Abu Kalijar also wanted to gain control of Iraq. Around 1037 his army marched on Baghdad; although he did not take the city, Jalal al-Daula recognized him as senior amir. Abu Kalijar subsequently used the title "Shahanshah" on his coins. However, the amir of Mosul, along with the Arab tribe of the Asadids, supported Jalal al-Daula, and the two Buyids were forced to come to a compromise. Both rulers used the same titles and were genuinely independent of each other. Iraq therefore stayed out of Abu Kalijar's control, though he managed to make his son the governor of Basra.

Jalal al-Daula's death in 1044 gave Abu Kalijar possession of Iraq. His control over the region, however, remained weak; his capital therefore remained in Ahvaz, instead of being moved to Baghdad. In the meantime, the Kakuyids of Isfahan were torn between two rival brothers, and Abu Kalijar attempted to force them to submit to his authority. They preferred, however, to recognized the Seljuks as their overlords.

Abu Kalijar continued to cement his authority by traveling to Baghdad, where he received the title of senior amir as well as the title "Muhyi al-Din". Several minor rulers of Mesopotamia recognized his authority, and even the Kakuyids declared their allegiance. This last act, however, prompted a Seljuk intervention, and Abu Kalijar decided to negotiate and create a marriage alliance. The Buyid governor of Kerman, however, decided to submit to the Seljuk Qavurt. Abu Kalijar marched to reassert his authority, only to be met with an ambassador of the governor, who brought gifts and a promise to renew his allegiance. Shortly afterwards, Abu Kalijar died at the age of thirty-eight. He was succeeded by his son al-Malik al-Rahim, but the Buyids suffered a succession struggle soon after his death, and Kerman entered into the Seljuk orbit.


* R. N. Frye (1975). "The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume Four: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs". ISBN 0-521-20093-8

*Nagel, Tilman. "Buyids", Encyclopaedia Iranica. http://www.iranica.com/articles/search/searchpdf.isc?ReqStrPDFPath=/home1/iranica/articles/v4_articles/buyids&OptStrLogFile=/home/iranica/public_html/logs/pdfdownload.html

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abu Kalijar — Emad o dîn Abu Kalijar ou Abû Kâlîjâr Imâd ad Dîn Marzubân ben Sultan ad Dawla Abû Chajâ [1] (Pilier de la religion) est le fils aîné de l émir bouyide Sultan ad Dawla. Il succède à son père comme émir du Fars en 1024, il devient émir du Kermân… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abū Kālījār al-Marzubān ibn Sulṭān ad-Dawlah — ▪ Būyid ruler also called  Muḥyīʾad dīn  born , May/June 1009, Basra, Iraq died October 1048, Khannāb, near Kermān, Iran       ruler of the Būyid dynasty from 1024, who for a brief spell reunited the Būyid territories in Iraq and Iran.       When …   Universalium

  • Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun — (died 1062) was the Buyid amir of Fars, ruling more or less continuously from 1048 until his death. He was the son of Abu Kalijar.After the death of Abu Kalijar in 1048, his eldest son Abu Nasr Khusrau Firuz had succeeded him as senior amir in… …   Wikipedia

  • Jalal al-Daula — Abu Tahir Jalal al Daula (993 or 994 March 1044) was the Buyid amir of Iraq (1027 1044). He was the son of Baha al Daula.In 1012 Jalal al Daula s father died. His brother, Sultan al Daula came to the throne and appointed him as governor of Basra …   Wikipedia

  • Qawam al-Daula — Abu l Fawaris (April 1000 ndash; October/November 1028) was the Buyid ruler of Kerman (1012 1028). He was the son of Baha al Daula.When Abu l Fawaris brother Sultan al Daula became the senior amir of the Buyids in 1012, he appointed Abu l Fawaris …   Wikipedia

  • Al-Malik al-Rahim — Abu Nasr Khusrau Firuz (died 1058 or 1059) was the Buyid amir of Iraq (October 1048 1055). He was the son of Abu Kalijar. Upon his father s death, he took the throne in Baghdad with the title al Malik al Rahim . His succession to the entire Buyid …   Wikipedia

  • Qiwam ad-Dawla — Abû al Fawâris Qiwâm ad Dawla[1] (Soutien de l empire) est né en 1000. Il est le fils de l émir bouyide d Irak et du Fars Bahâ ad Dawla Fîrûz. Il devient gouverneur du Kermân en 1012 à la mort de son père en 1012. Il meurt en 1028, son neveu Imâd …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sultan al-Daula — Abu Shuja (993 ndash; December 1024) was the Buyid amir of Fars (1012 1024) and Iraq (1012 1021). He was the son of Baha al Daula.Abu Shuja lived in Baghdad during his youth. Shortly before Baha al Daula s death, he named Abu Shuja as his… …   Wikipedia

  • Imad ad-Din Marzuban — Emad o dîn Abu Kalijar ou Abû Kâlîjâr Imâd ad Dîn Marzubân ben Sultan ad Dawla Abû Chajâ [1] (Pilier de la religion) est le fils aîné de l émir bouyide Sultan ad Dawla . Il succède à son père comme émir du Fars en 1024, il devient émir du Kermân… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anuchirvan (Ziyarides) — Anuchirvan Charaf al Ma âlî, dit [1] (règne 1030 1042) est le sixième prince de la dynastie persane des Ziyarides, installée à Gorgan au bord de la mer Caspienne. La date de son décès varie selon les sources entre 1043 et 1050[2]. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.