talizumab) is a drug being tested at National Jewish Medical and Research Centerand other locations across the United States. It is believed that the drug may prevent allergic reactions to small amounts of peanuts, such as those remnant in foods.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration(FDA) has "fast-tracked" the drug. A drug is given fast-track status if it meets a medical need not currently being met by any medication. TNX-901 is made by a Houston-based company called Tanox; there is a legal disputeagainst this laboratory that the drug is based on the same anti- asthmasciences paid for by Genentechand Novartis. Trials of the drug were mired in legal battles.cite web |url=http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-72561487.html |title=Trials of an allergy drug Remedy against peanuts is mired in legal battles - International Herald Tribune - HighBeam Research |accessdate=2008-03-19 |format= |work=]
TNX-901 is an anti-
IgE antibody.cite journal |author=Leung DY, Shanahan WR, Li XM, Sampson HA |title=New approaches for the treatment of anaphylaxis |journal=Novartis Found. Symp. |volume=257 |issue= |pages=248–60; discussion 260–4, 276–85 |year=2004 |pmid=15025403 |doi=10.1002/0470861193.ch20] IgE antibody is the receptor responsible for allergic reactions and severe asthma attacks. An anti-IgE antibody binds IgE and prevents it from initiating an allergic reaction.
In clinical trials, people who were very allergic to peanuts when they consumed an average of half a peanut were able to consume up to 9 peanuts before they started to have symptoms.cite journal |author=Leung DY, Sampson HA, Yunginger JW, "et al" |title=Effect of anti-IgE therapy in patients with peanut allergy |journal=
N. Engl. J. Med.|volume=348 |issue=11 |pages=986–93 |year=2003 |pmid=12637608 |doi=10.1056/NEJMoa022613 |url=http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/348/11/986] Therefore the drug wouldn't cure allergies, but it would prevent reactions from accidental exposure. Note that this study was not done on people allergic enough to die from peanut traces.
A similar drug is already on the market for asthma, under the name Xolair (
omalizumab). The problem is that Xolair isn't approved for use in food allergies and TNX-901 can't be released because Xolair's manufacturer sued Tanox for patent infringement. One could obtain a prescription for Xolair without it being approved for use in allergies, but most health insurancewill not cover it without FDA approval, meaning it could cost on the order of $1000 a month for a patient.
Recently, TNX-901 has been shelved by its creator Tanox in exchange for money from Genentech and Novartis, and the three companies plan to focus on researching Xolair for use against peanut allergies instead of TNX-901. Xolair entered Phase II trials for use against peanut allergies in July 2004.
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Tanox — was a pharmaceutical company based on Houston. It was acquired by Genentech in 2007.Among the medications they have developed or are developing are: * TNX 355 * TNX 650 * TNX 901External links* http://www.tanox.com/home/home.asp … Wikipedia
Omalizumab — ? Monoclonal antibody Type Whole antibody Source Humanized (from mouse) Target IgE Fc region … Wikipedia