Leyte (island)


Leyte (island)

Infobox Islands
name = Leyte


image caption = The location of the Island of Leyte
native name =
native name link =
locator
Location map|Philippines|lat=10.95|long=124.833333|width=175|float=center
map_custom = yes
location = South East Asia
coordinates=
archipelago = Visayas
area = 7,368 km²
highest mount =
elevation =
country = Philippines
country admin divisions title = Province
country admin divisions = Leyte, Southern Leyte
country largest city = Tacloban
country largest city population = 178,639
population = 1,950,000
population as of = 2000
density = 264.7
ethnic groups = Visayan (Cebuano, Waray)

Leyte (pronEng|ˈleɪti in English) is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines.

The island measures about 180 km (110 mi) north-south and about 65 km (40 mi) at its widest point. In the north it nearly joins Samar, separated by the San Juanico Strait, which becomes as narrow as 2 km (1.2 mi) in some places. The island province of Biliran is also to the north of Leyte and is joined to Leyte island by a bridge across the narrow Biliran Strait. To the south Leyte is separated from Mindanao by the Surigao Strait. To the east, Leyte is somewhat "set back" from the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean, Samar to the northeast and Dinagat to the southeast forming the Leyte Gulf. To the west are Cebu and Bohol.

and staff land at Palo Beach, Leyte, 20 October 1944] Leyte is mostly heavily forested and mountainous, but the Leyte Valley in the northeast has much agriculture.

Politically, the island is divided into two provinces: Leyte and Southern Leyte. Southern Leyte is in the south and includes the island of Panaon, while the province of Biliran, a separate island which used to be a part of Leyte province, is to the north.

The chief cities of Leyte are Tacloban City, on the eastern shore at the northwest corner of Leyte Gulf, and Ormoc City, on the west coast.

Leyte today is notable for the geothermal electric power plants near Ormoc.

However, Leyte is most famous for its role in the reconquest of the Philippines in the World War II. On 20 October 1944, General Douglas MacArthur waded ashore on Leyte, saying "I have returned". However, the Japanese did not give up so easily, as the ensuing Battle of Leyte proved, and convergence of naval forces resulted in the four-day Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history.

Areas of Interest

The Leyte Provincial Capitol is the seat of the provincial government where historic viewing of a mural depicting the First Mass of Limasawa in the Orient and the landing of Gen. Douglas MacArthur can be done.

The Leyte Landing Memorial in Red Beach, Palo, marks the spot where American liberation forces landed it also has a lagoon where the life-size statues of Gen. McArthur and his fleet stands.

Lake Danao is a violin-shaped lake hemmed by cloud-capped mountain ranges. It is a hunter’s paradise where wild animals roam the surrounding forests. It is also said to be the home of a giant eel.

The Sto. Nino Shrine and Heritage Museum boasts the painting of the 14 station of the cross done by Filipino artists and a bas-relief of the legend of the first Filipino man and woman (Malakas and Maganda).

The San Juanico Bridge is the longest and the most beautifully designed bridge in the Philippines. It features the picturesque San Juanico Strait with a thousand whirlpools, lovely islets and view.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leyte Island — noun a battle in World War II; the return of United States troops to the Philippines began with landings on Leyte Island in October 1944; the battle marked first use of kamikaze aircraft by the Japanese • Syn: ↑Leyte, ↑Leyte invasion • Regions:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leyte (disambiguation) — Leyte may refer to: In the Philippines *Leyte (island), the fourth largest island in the Visayas group of the Philippines. *Leyte Gulf, the body of water immediately east of the island of Leyte. *Leyte, a province of the Philippines that occupies …   Wikipedia

  • Leyte — prop. n. The name of an island in the Pacific Ocean and of a battle in World War II, at which the American forces experienced the first use of Kamikaze aircraft by the Japanese. The return of U. S. troops to the Philippines after their expulsion… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leyte — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leyte (homonymie). Leyte Carte de localisation de Leyte au sein des Philippines …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leyte — noun a battle in World War II; the return of United States troops to the Philippines began with landings on Leyte Island in October 1944; the battle marked first use of kamikaze aircraft by the Japanese (Freq. 2) • Syn: ↑Leyte Island, ↑Leyte… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leyte invasion — noun a battle in World War II; the return of United States troops to the Philippines began with landings on Leyte Island in October 1944; the battle marked first use of kamikaze aircraft by the Japanese • Syn: ↑Leyte, ↑Leyte Island • Regions:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leyte Gulf — is the body of water immediately east of the island of Leyte in the Philippines, adjoining the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean, at coord|10|50|N|125|25|E| display=title,inline.The gulf is bounded on the north by the island of Samar, which is… …   Wikipedia

  • Leyte — [lāt′ē; ] Sp [ lā′tā] island of EC Philippines, between Luzon & Mindanao: 2,785 sq mi (7,213 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Leyte — /lay tee/; Sp. /lay te/, n. an island in the E central Philippines: focal point of the U.S. invasion of the Philippines 1944. 1,302,648; 3085 sq. mi. (7990 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2000: 1,952,496) of the Visayan group, eastern Philippines.… …   Universalium

  • Leyte — Infobox Philippine province name = Leyte sealfile = Ph seal leyte.png region = Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) capital = Tacloban City founded = 1543 and March 10, 1917 pop2000 = 1,592,336 pop2000rank = 14th largest popden2000 = 279 popden2000rank …   Wikipedia


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