Richard Flecknoe (c. 1600-1678?), English
dramatistand poet, the object of Dryden's satire, was probably of English birth, although there is no corroboration of the suggestion of Joseph Gillow["Bibliographical Dictionary of the English Catholics", vol. ii., 1885] , that he was a nephew of a Jesuit priest, William Flecknoe, or more properly Flexney, of Oxford.
The few known facts of his life are chiefly derived from his "Relation of Ten Years' Travels in Europe, Asia, Afrique and America" (1655?), consisting of letters written to friends and patrons during his travels. The first of these is dated from
Ghent(1640), whither he had fled to escape the troubles of the Civil War. In Brusselshe met Béatrix de Cusance, wife of Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, who sent him to Rometo secure the legalization of her marriage. There in 1645 Andrew Marvellmet him, and described his leanness and his rage for versifying in a witty satire, "Flecknoe, an English Priest at Rome." He was probably, however, not in priest's orders.
He then travelled in the
Levant, and in 1648 crossed the Atlantic to Brazil, of which country he gives a detailed description. On his return to Europe he entered the household of the duchess of Lorraine in Brussels. In 1645 he went back to England. His royalist and Catholic convictions did not prevent him from writing a book in praise of Oliver Cromwell, "The Idea of His Highness Oliver ..." (1650), dedicated to Richard Cromwell. This publication was discounted at the restoration by the "Heroick Portraits" (1660) of Charles II and others of the Stuart family. John Dryden used his name as a stalking horse from behind which to assail Thomas Shadwellin "Mac Flecknoe" (1682) The opening lines run:
"All human things are subject to decay,Dryden's aversion seems to have been caused by Flecknoe's affectation of contempt for the players and his attacks on the immorality of the English stage. His verse, which hardly deserved his critic's sweeping condemnation, was much of it religious, and was chiefly printed for private circulation. None of his plays was acted except "Love's Dominion", announced as a "pattern for the reformed stage" (1654), that title being altered in 1664 to "Love's Kingdom, with a Discourse of the English Stage". He amused himself, however, by adding lists of the actors whom he would have selected for the parts, had the plays been staged. Flecknoe had many connections among English Catholics, and is said by
And, when fate summons, monarchs must obey.
This F'lecknoe found, who, like Augustus, young
Was called to empire, and had governed long;
In prose and verse was owned, without dispute,
Throughout the realms of nonsense, absolute."
Gerard Langbaine, to have been better acquainted with the nobility than with the muses.
"A Discourse of the English Stage", was reprinted in WC Hazlitt's "English Drama and Stage" (Roxburghe Library, 1869);
Robert Southey, in his "Omniana" (1812), protested against the wholesale depreciation of Flecknoe's works. See also "Richard Flecknoe" (Leipzig, 1905, in "Münchener Beiträge zur ... Philologie"), by A Lohr, who has given minute attention to his life and works.
*gutenberg author| id=Richard+Flecknoe | name=Richard Flecknoe
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Richard Flecknoe — (vers 1600 1678?), était un poète et dramaturge anglais, qui fut l objet d une satire de la part de John Dryden. Flecknoe était probablement d origine anglaise, mais il n y a aucune confirmation de la suggestion de Joseph Gillow, qu il était… … Wikipédia en Français
Flecknoe — Infobox UK place country = England official name= Flecknoe latitude= 52.27 longitude= 1.25 civil parish= Wolfhampcote population = 212 (2001) shire district= Rugby shire county= Warwickshire region= West Midlands constituency westminster= Rugby… … Wikipedia
Flecknoe, Richard — ▪ English author born c. 1600 died c. 1678 English poet, dramatist, and traveller, whose writings are notable for both the praise and the ridicule they evoked. Flecknoe was possibly a Jesuit of Irish extraction. The most authentic… … Universalium
Flecknoe, Richard — (d. 1678) Poet, said to have been an Irish priest. He wrote several plays, now forgotten, also miscellaneous poems, some of them sacred, and a book of travels. His name has been preserved in Dryden s satire, MacFlecknoe, as throughout the… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Flecknoe, Richard — (d. 1678?) Although it is not certain, it is thought he was a Jesuit priest of Irish extraction. He traveled extensively between 1640 and 1648, visiting the Low Countries; Rome, Istanbul, Portugal and Brazil. He was known by the nickname of… … British and Irish poets
Mac Flecknoe — MacFlecknoe MacFlecknoe est un poème satirique écrit par l auteur anglais John Dryden en 1682, au cours de la Restauration anglaise et sous le règne de Charles II d Angleterre. L œuvre constitue une attaque directe contre Thomas Shadwell, un… … Wikipédia en Français
MacFlecknoe — Mac Flecknoe is a verse mock heroic satire written by John Dryden. Written after the English Restoration, when King Charles II came to power, Mac Flecknoe is full of satire and criticism. It is a direct attack on Thomas Shadwell, another… … Wikipedia
Thomas Shadwell — (c. 1642 ndash; 19 November 1692) was an English playwright and miscellaneous writer who was appointed poet laureate in 1689.LifeAccording to his son, Sir John Shadwell, Thomas Shadwell was born at Stanton Hall, Norfolk, and educated at Bury St… … Wikipedia
Poetry — This article is about the art form. For other uses, see Poetry (disambiguation). Literature Major forms Novel · Poem · Drama Short story · Novella … Wikipedia
Oxford period poetry anthologies — These are Oxford poetry anthologies of English poetry, which select from a given period. See also The Oxford Book of Twentieth Century English Verse. Contents 1 New Oxford Book of Seventeenth Century Verse (1991) 2 New Oxford Book of Eighteenth… … Wikipedia