Margherita of Savoy
Margherita of Savoy Queen of Italy Tenure 9 January 1878 – 29 July 1900 Spouse Umberto I of Italy Issue Victor Emmanuel III Full name Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna di Savoia Father Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa Mother Princess Elisabeth of Saxony Born 20 November 1851
Palazzo Chiablese, Turin
Died 4 January 1926(aged 74)
Burial Pantheon, Rome
She was a daughter of Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa and Princess Elisabeth of Saxony. Her paternal grandparents were Charles Albert, King of Sardinia and Maria Theresa of Austria. Her maternal grandparents were John, King of Saxony and Amalie Auguste, Princess of Bavaria.
Marriage and child
She married her first cousin Umberto, Prince of Piedmont on 21 April 1868. On 11 November 1869, Margherita gave birth to Victor Emmanuel, Prince of Naples, afterwards Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. He was their only child.
On 9 January 1878, Umberto succeeded as the new King of Italy. She became his Queen consort and remained by his side for the rest of his reign. Umberto was assassinated by anarchist Gaetano Bresci on 29 July 1900.
Margherita encouraged artists and writers and founded cultural institutions, notably the Società del Quartetto, and the Casa di Dante. She was a benefactor of many charities, especially the Red Cross.
In 1889, the Margherita pizza, whose red tomatoes, green basil, and white cheese represent the Italian flag, was named after her. Her name means "daisy" in Italian. In 1906, the Queen mother’s nephew Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi made the first ascent of the highest summit of Mount Stanley (the third highest mountain in Africa) and named it Margherita Peak in her honour.
On 18 August 1893, in the company of various guides, porters, Alpini, politicians and aristocrats, she climbed the Punta Gnifetti (or Signalkuppe), a peak of the Monte Rosa massif on the Swiss-Italian border, for the inauguration of the mountain hut named after her. At 4,554 metres the Capanna Regina Margherita, remains the highest hut in Europe.
Politically she leant towards Fascism—in October 1922 the quadrumvirs (Emilio De Bono, Italo Balbo, Michele Bianchi and Cesare Maria de Vecchi) visited her at Bordighera to pay their respects prior to the March on Rome.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 20 November 1851 – 21 April 1868 Her Royal Highness Princess Margherita of Savoy
- 21 April 1868 – 9 January 1878 Her Royal Highness The Princess of Piedmont
- 9 January 1878 – 29 July 1900 Her Majesty The Queen of Italy
- 29 July 1900 – 4 January 1926 Her Majesty The Queen Mother
NotesMargherita of SavoyBorn: 20 November 1851 Died: 4 January 1926
Italian royalty VacantTitle last held byMarie Louise of Austria Queen consort of Italy
9 January 1878–29 July 1900
Elena of Montenegro
Princesses of Savoy 1st generationnone 2nd generationPrincess Margherita · Margherita , Duchess of Anjou · Maria, Duchess of Milan · Princess Bonne 3rd generation 4th generationLouise, Duchess of Nemours · Philiberta, Duchess of Nemours · Antonia, Lady of Monaco · Claudina, Countess of Hornes · Princess Philippina · Princess Margherita · Princess Giovanna 5th generationYolande, Duchess of Savoy · Princess Catherine · Princess Maria · Princess Isabella 6th generationnone 7th generation 8th generationLuisa Cristina, Princess Maurice of Savoy · Margherita Violante, Duchess of Parma · Henriette Adelaide, Electress of Bavaria · Princess Catherine Beatrice · Princess Christine Charlotte · Louise, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden · Marie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy · Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal 9th generationMaria Vittoria, Countess of Cercenasco* · Isabella Luisa, Countess of Lagnasco* 10th generation 11th generationPrincess Eleonora · Princess Maria Luisa · Princess Maria Felicita · Princess Vittoria Margharita · Princess Charlotte · Leopoldina, Princess of Melfi · Princess Polyxena · Gabrielle, Princess of Lobkowicz · Maria Luisa, Princess of Lamballe* · Caterina, Princess of Paliano · Maria Anna Victoria, Duchess in Saxony 12th generation 13th generation 14th generationPrincess Maria Cristina 15th generation 16th generationMargherita, Queen of Italy* 17th generation 18th generation 19th generationBianca, Countess Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga** · Mafalda, Baroness Lombardo di San Chirico** 20th generation *Princess of Savoy-Genoa
**Princess of Savoy-Aosta
Princesses of Savoy by marriage 1st Generation 2nd GenerationPrincess Anne of Cyprus · Claudine de Brosse 3rd Generation 4th Generationnone 5th GenerationPrincess Yolande Louise of Savoy* · Anna d'Este 6th GenerationPrincess Anne of Lorraine 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th GenerationMaria Vittoria of Savoy* · Urania de La Cropte de Beauvais 10th Generation 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th Generation 14th GenerationArchduchess Adelaide of Austria · Princess Elisabeth of Saxony 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th GenerationPrincess Marie José of Belgium · Princess Anne of Orléans*** · Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark*** 18th Generation 19th Generation *also a princess of Savoy by birth
**Princess of Savoy-Genoa
***Princess of Savoy-AostaPrincess Christine Marie of France (1619-1630) · Countess Palatine Anne Christine of Sulzbach (1722-1723) · Landgravine Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg (1724-1730) · Princess Marie Clotilde of France (1776-1796) · Princess Margherita of Savoy (1868-1878) · Princess Elena of Montenegro (1896-1900) · Princess Marie José of Belgium (1930-1946)
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