Cairo Conference

The Cairo Conference (codenamed "SEXTANT") of November 22 - 26 November 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, addressed the Allied position against Japan during World War II and made decisions about postwar Asia. The meeting was attended by President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China. Stalin of the Soviet Union had refused to attend the conference on the grounds that since Chiang Kai-Shek was attending, it would cause untimely provocation between Russia and Japan.

Stalin did meet two days later with Roosevelt and Churchill in Tehran, Iran for the Tehran Conference.

The "Cairo Declaration" was signed on 27 November 1943,

cite news
url=http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/etc/c03.html
publisher=Japan National Diet Library
title=Text of Cairo Declaration in the Japanese National Diet Library
date=November 27, 1943

] and released in an "Cairo Communiqué" through radio on 1 December 1943,

cite news
url=http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/shiryo/01/002_46shoshi.html
publisher=Japan National Diet Library
title=Cairo Communiqué received by the radio operators in USA
date=December 1, 1943

] stating the Allies' intentions to continue deploying military force until Japan's unconditional surrender. The three main clauses of the "Cairo Declaration" are that "Japan be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the First World War in 1914", "all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China", and that "in due course Korea shall become free and independent".

Modern Day Implications for Taiwan

The legitimacy of the "Cairo Declaration" has been challenged by Taiwan independence supporters in recent years. Some supporters of Taiwan independence claim that it is merely a trivial press release, holding no legal meaning. On the other hand, supporters of Chinese reunification argue that the Cairo Declaration is a legitimate historical document, given the fact that it was cited by clause eight of the Potsdam Declaration and referred to by the Japanese Instrument of Surrender. The dispute centers upon whether the Japanese Instrument of Surrender transferred Taiwan's sovereignty to China, as opposed to being a provisional "modus vivendi" that has been supplanted. "See Legal status of Taiwan for further information."

References

External links

* [http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/FRUS.FRUS1943CairoTehran United States Department of State Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, The Conferences at Cairo and Tehran, 1943]

ee also

* Imperialism in Asia
* Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)
* Atlantic Charter (1941)
* Tehran Conference (1943)
* Dumbarton Oaks Conference (1944)
* Potsdam Declaration (1945)
* Japanese Instrument of Surrender (1945)
* List of World War II conferences
* Treaty of San Francisco (1951)
* Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China (1978)
*"Alternative meanings: International Conference on Population and Development" (1994), "Cairo Anti-war Conference" (2002, 2003, 2005)
*Cairo Anti-war Conference: For the contemporary Cairo Conference against U.S. hegemony and war on Iraq and in solidarity with Palestine


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cairo Conference — ▪ World War II, 1943       (November–December 1943), either of two meetings of Allied leaders held in Cairo during World War II. At the first Cairo Conference (November 22–26), British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (Churchill, Sir Winston) and …   Universalium

  • Cairo Conference, 1943 —    In November 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt met British prime minister Winston Churchill and Premier Chiang Kai shek of China in Cairo, Egypt, to agree on their postwar Asia policy. Their statement declared that in the event of an Allied …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Second Cairo Conference — The Second Cairo Conference (codenamed SEXTANT ) of December 4–December 6, 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, addressed Turkey s possible contribution to the Allies in World War II. The meeting was attended by President Franklin Roosevelt of the United… …   Wikipedia

  • REFUGEES: The Cairo Conference — ▪ 1995       World attention was focused on population issues as delegates from 175 countries gathered in Cairo on Sept. 5 13, 1994, for the International Conference on Population and Development. Previous population conferences had been held in… …   Universalium

  • Cairo (disambiguation) — Cairo is the capital city of Egypt. It may also refer to:Towns or cities in the United States* Cairo, Georgia * Cairo, Illinois * Cairo Township, Minnesota * Cairo, Missouri * Cairo, Nebraska * Cairo (town), New York * Cairo, Ohio * Cairo, Stark… …   Wikipedia

  • Cairo Anti-war Conference — The Cairo Conference against U.S. hegemony and war on Iraq and in solidarity with Palestine (later: Popular Campaign for the Support of Resistance in Palestine and Iraq and Against Globalization), generally known simply as Cairo Anti war… …   Wikipedia

  • Cairo Declaration — selfref| This article is about the Allied declaration of 1943. For the Muslim human rights declaration, see Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam. |The Cairo Declaration was a result from Cairo Conference at Cairo, Egypt, on November 27,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cairo (operating system) — Cairo was the code name for a project at Microsoft from 1991 to 1996. Its charter was to build technologies for a next generation operating system that would fulfill Bill Gates vision of information at your fingertips. [1] Cairo never shipped,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cairo — /kuy roh/, n. a city in and the capital of Egypt, in the N part on the E bank of the Nile. 5,517,000. * * * Arabic Al Qāhirah City (pop., 1996: city, 6,789,479; 1999 est.: metro. area, 10,345,000), capital of Egypt. Located on the banks of the… …   Universalium

  • Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam — The Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam (CDHRI) is a declaration of the member states of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, which provides an overview on the Islamic perspective on human rights, and affirms Islamic Shari ah as its …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.