name = Thomas Sprat
bishop_of = Rochester
enthroned = 1684
ended = 1713
predecessor = Francis Turner
other_post = Dean of Westminster
birth_date = 1635
death_date = 20 May 1713
nationality = English
Wadham College, Oxford
Thomas Sprat (1635 – 20 May 1713), English divine, was born at
Beaminster, Dorset, and educated at Wadham College, Oxford, where he held a fellowship from 1657 to 1670.
Having taken orders he became a
prebendaryof Lincoln Cathedralin 1660. In the preceding year he had gained a reputation by his poem "To the Happie Memory of the most Renowned Prince Oliver, Lord Protector" (London, 1659), and he was afterwards well known as a wit, preacher and man of letters.
His chief prose works are the "Observations upon Monsieur de Sorbier's Voyage into England" (London, 1665), a satirical reply to the strictures on Englishmen in
Samuel de Sorbière's book of that name, and a "History of the Royal Society of London" (London, 1667), which Sprat had helped to found. The "History of the Royal Society" elaborates the scientific purposes of the academy and outlines some of the strictures of scientific writing that set the modern standards for clarity and conciseness.
In 1669 he became canon of
Westminster Abbey, and in 1670 rectorof Uffington, Lincolnshire. He was chaplain to Charles II in 1676, curateand lecturer at St. Margaret's, Westminster, in 1679, canon of Windsor in 1681, dean of Westminster in 1683 and Bishop of Rochesterin 1684.
He was a member of James II's ecclesiastical commission, and in 1688 he read the "Declaration of Indulgence" to empty benches in Westminster Abbey. The suggestion was that he was playing at being
Vicar of Bray. Although he opposed the motion of 1689 declaring the throne vacant, he assisted at the coronation of William and Mary. As dean of Westminster he directed Christopher Wren's restoration of the abbey.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Thomas Sprat — (* 1635 in Beaminster, Dorset, England; † 20. Mai 1713 in Bromley, Kent) war ein englischer Autor und Bischof von Rochester 1684. Leben und Wirken Sprat war der Sohn des … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Sprat — Frontispice de l Histoire de la Royal Society de Londres de Thomas Sprat, 1667. Thomas Sprat (né en 1635 mort le 20 mai 1713) est un ecclésiastique, un poète et un scientifique anglais de la fin du XVIIe siècl … Wikipédia en Français
Thomas Sprat — Portada de la History of the Royal Society of London de Thomas Sprat, 1667. Thomas Sprat (1635 – 20 de mayo de 1713) fue un científico inglés de finales del siglo XVII. Tomó los hábitos y fue destinado en 1660 a la catedral de Lincoln en… … Wikipedia Español
Sprat — Thomas Sprat Thomas Sprat (* 1635 in Beaminster, Dorset, England; † 20. Mai 1713 in Bromley, Kent) war ein englischer Autor und Bischof von Rochester 1684. Leben und Wirken Sprat war der Sohn des gleichnamigen Thomas Sprat, der Minister of… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sprat (surname) — Sprat or Spratt is a surname and may apply to the following: Sprat * Jack Sprat * Thomas Sprat Spratt * Spratts, named after James Spratt * Isaac Spratt * Jack Spratt * Jimmy Spratt * John M. Spratt ** John M. Spratt, Jr. * Pete Spratt * Philip… … Wikipedia
Sprat, Thomas — ▪ English bishop born 1635, Beaminster, Dorset, Eng. died May 20, 1713, Bromley, Kent English man of letters, bishop of Rochester and dean of Westminster. A prose stylist, wit, and founding member and historian of the Royal Society, he is… … Universalium
Sprat, Thomas — (1635 1713) Born at Beaminster, Dorset, the son of a clergyman, he was educated at Wadham College, Oxford, earning a B.A. (1654), M.A. (1657), and D.D. (1669), and was a fellow at Wadham until 1670. Wadham was the meeting place for scientific… … British and Irish poets
Sprat, Thomas — (1635 1713) Divine and writer of memoirs, b. at Beaminster, Dorset, ed. at Oxf., was a mathematician, and one of the group of scientific men among whom the Royal Society, of which he was one of the first members and the historian, had its… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Litterature de la Restauration anglaise — Littérature de la Restauration anglaise Portrait de Charles II d Angleterre Attribué à Thomas Hawker Vers 1680 (226,7 x 135,6 cm) National Portrait Gallery, Londres La littérature de la Restauration anglaise (Restoration literature en … Wikipédia en Français
Littérature de la Restauration anglaise — Portrait de Charles II d Angleterre Attribué à Thomas Hawker Vers 1680 (226,7 x 135,6 cm) National Portrait Gallery, Londres La littérature de la Restauration anglaise (Restoration literature en anglais) est la … Wikipédia en Français