Norris McWhirter


Norris McWhirter
Norris Dewar McWhirter
Born 12 August 1925(1925-08-12)
Winchmore Hill, London, England
Died 19 April 2004(2004-04-19) (aged 78)
Kington Langley, Wiltshire, England
Education Marlborough College
Trinity College, Oxford
Occupation Writer, political activist, television presenter
Family William McWhirter, father; Margaret Williamson, mother
Spouse(s) Carole Eckert (1957–1987, her death)
Tessa von Weichardt (1990–2004, his death)
Notable relatives Ross McWhirter
Notable credit(s) Guinness Book of Records, co-founder of the National Association for Freedom, Record Breakers

Norris Dewar McWhirter, CBE (12 August 1925 – 19 April 2004) was a writer, political activist, co-founder of the Freedom Association, and a television presenter. He and his twin brother, Ross, were known internationally for the Guinness Book of Records,[1] a book they wrote and annually updated together between 1955 and 1975. After Ross McWhirter's assassination by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), Norris McWhirter carried on alone as editor.[2]

Contents

Early life

Norris and Ross McWhirter were the twin sons of William McWhirter, editor of the Sunday Pictorial newspaper, and Margaret Williamson. In 1929, as William McWhirter was working on the founding of the Northcliffe Newspapers chain of provincial newspapers, the family moved to "Aberfoyle", in Broad Walk, Winchmore Hill.[3] Like their elder brother, Kennedy (born 1923), Ross and Norris were educated at Marlborough College and Trinity College, Oxford, where, at his choice, he completed his law degree in two years rather than the usual three. Between 1943 and 1946 Norris served with the Royal Navy on escort duty in Atlantic and on board a minesweeper in the Pacific.[4]

Sports

Norris was an all-round athlete and represented Scotland at running during the 1950s.[5] The brothers both became sports journalists in 1950. In 1951 they published Get to Your Marks and later in 1951 they founded an agency to provide facts and figures to Fleet Street, setting out, in Norris' words: "to supply facts and figures to newspapers, yearbooks, encyclopedias, and advertisers". At the same time Norris became a founding member of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians.

Norris came to particular public attention while working for the BBC as a sports commentator. On 6 May 1954, Norris McWhirter kept the time when Roger Bannister ran the first sub four minute mile.[5] After the race, McWhirter began his announcement:

As a result of Event Four, the one mile, the winner was R.G. Bannister of Exeter and Merton Colleges, in a time which, subject to ratification, is a track record, an English native record, a United Kingdom record, a European record, in a time of three minutes...

....at which the rest of McWhirter's announcement was drowned out in the enthusiastic uproar.

One of the athletes covered was runner Christopher Chataway, the employee at Guinness who recommended them to Sir Hugh Beaver. After an interview in which the Guinness directors enjoyed testing the twins' knowledge of records and unusual facts, the brothers agreed to start work on the book that would become The Guinness Book of Records in 1954. In August 1955 the first slim green volume - 198 pages long - was at the bookstalls, and in four more months it was England's No. 1 nonfiction best-seller.

In 1954, Norris and his brother Ross sued Daily Mail sports writer J. L. Manning for his critical piece about non-journalist (i.e. not members of the National Union of Journalists) sports writers. The McWhirters were awarded £300 in damages.

Norris was also part of the BBC commentary team for their Olympic Games coverage between 1960 and 1976.

Political activity

He was an active member of the Conservative Party in the early 1960s and fought, unsuccessfully, to recapture Orpington in the 1964 and 1966 UK general elections after its loss to the Liberals in the 1962 by-election.[6]

Together with his brother Ross, he founded the "National Association for Freedom", later "The Freedom Association", in the 1970s. This organisation initiated legal challenges against the trade union movement in the UK, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and the European Economic Community (EEC) in Brussels, and he was an active supporter of UKIP.[7]

Ross McWhirter was a constant critic of British government policy in Northern Ireland, and called for a "tougher" response by the British army against Irish republicans. Ross McWhirter was shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in 1975 at his home after offering a reward for information leading to the apprehension of those carrying out a bombing campaign in London at the time.

Norris McWhirter was a member of the Secretariat of the anti-communist European Freedom Campaign, established in London at an Inaugural Rally at Westminster Central Hall on 10 December 1988. This group's co-ordinating committee consisted almost exclusively of representatives from countries behind the Iron Curtain.

Record Breakers

Both brothers were regulars on the BBC show Record Breakers. They were noted for their photographic memory, enabling them to provide detailed answers to any questions from the audience about entries in the Guinness Book of Records.[5]

After Ross's death, Norris continued to appear on the show, eventually making him one of the most recognisable people on children's television in the 1970s and 1980s. Norris McWhirter was made a CBE in 1980. He left Record Breakers in 1994 after the death of Roy Castle - although the show continued until 2001 with various other presenters.

Personal life and death

He retired from the Guinness Book of Records in 1985, though he continued in an advisory role until 1996. He continued to write, editing a new reference book, the Book of Millennium Records, in 1999.

In 1985 he launched an unsuccessful defamation case against the Independent Broadcasting Authority for the TV programme Spitting Image which had inserted a subliminal image of McWhirter's face imposed on the body of a naked woman.[6]

In 1957 Norris McWhirter married Carole Eckert, who died in 1987; they had a son and a daughter. In 1990 he married Tessa von Weichardt, née Pocock.

Norris McWhirter died from a heart attack following a tennis match at his home in Kington Langley, Wiltshire, on 19 April 2004, aged 78. His memorial service—attended by, among others, Margaret Thatcher, Jeffrey Archer, John Gouriet and Roger Bannister – who read the lesson—was held in St Martin-in-the-Fields, Trafalgar Square, London, on Thursday 7 October 2004.

Selected bibliography

Sports and general encyclopædia
  • Dunlop Illustrated Encyclopedia of Facts
  • Get To Your Marks (1951, with Ross McWhirter)
  • Guinness Book of Records (1955–1975, with Ross McWhirter)
  • Guinness Book of Records (1976–1985)
  • Guinness Sports Record Book (1977–1978)
  • Book of Millennium Records ISBN 1-85227-805-6
Personal
Political

References

  1. ^ http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/corporate/about_us_2.aspx The History of Guinness World Records
  2. ^ Bernstein, Adam (April 21, 2004). "Norris McWhirter Dies; 'Guinness Book' Co-Founder". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A29395-2004Apr20. Retrieved 2008-12-16. 
  3. ^ Ayrshire Notes -- Norris McWhirter Ref used only to confirm that "Aberfoyle" is house name in Winchmore Hill, rather than town name in Scotland or Ireland
  4. ^ http://www.norrismcwhirter.com/norris_mcwhirter__biography.htm Norris McWhirter - A Short Biography
  5. ^ a b c "Record Breakers' McWhirter dies". BBC. 20 April 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/tv_and_radio/3643039.stm. Retrieved 2008-12-16. 
  6. ^ a b "Norris McWhirter". London: The Daily Telegraph. April 21, 2004. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1459811/Norris-McWhirter.html. Retrieved 2008-12-16. 
  7. ^ http://www.tfa.net/the_freedom_association/norris-mcwhirter-cbe.html Norris McWhirter CBE

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Norris McWhirter — (* 12. August 1925 in Winchmore Hill, Middlesex; † 19. April 2004 in Wiltshire) war ein britischer Verleger und Mitbegründer des berühmten Nachschlagewerks Guinness Buch der Rekorde. Er gründete 1954 mit seinem Zwillingsbruder Ross McWhirter das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • McWhirter — and Macwhirter, MacWhirter are Anglicisations of the Scottish Gaelic Mac an Chruiteir, meaning son of the harpist or fiddler . The name is derived from the Gaelic cruitear, meaning harpist , fiddler . The Scottish name is generally found in… …   Wikipedia

  • Norris — or Noris may refer to: Contents 1 Places 1.1 In the United Kingdom 1.2 In the United States …   Wikipedia

  • McWhirter — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Norris McWhirter (1925–2004), britischer Verleger und Mitbegründer des Guinness Buch der Rekorde Ross McWhirter (1925–1975), britischer Journalist und Mitbegründer des Guinness Buch der Rekorde Diese Seite …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • McWhirter, Norris Dewar — ▪ 2005       British publisher (b. Aug. 12, 1925, London, Eng. d. April 19, 2004, Kington Langley, Wiltshire, Eng.), cofounded, along with his twin brother, Ross, The Guinness Book of Records (later Guinness World Records). The statistical tome,… …   Universalium

  • McWhirter — Recorded in several forms including MacWhirter, McWhirter, MacChruiter, McChruiter, McQuarter, McQuirter, and even Mewhirter, this is a surname of medieval Gaelic origins. It is generally considered to be Scottish, but we have some reservations,… …   Surnames reference

  • McWhirter — /məkˈwɜtə/ (say muhk wertuh) noun 1. Norris Dewar, 1925–2004, British author and publisher; editor and compiler, with his brother, of The Guinness Book of Records. 2. his brother, (Alan) Ross, 1925–75, British author and publisher …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ross McWhirter — Alan Ross McWhirter (12 August, 1925 – 27 November, 1975), known as Ross McWhirter, was, with his identical twin brother, Norris McWhirter, founder of the Guinness Book of Records. He was killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army.Early… …   Wikipedia

  • Ross McWhirter — Alan Ross McWhirter (* 12. August 1925; † 27. November 1975 in London) gründete 1954 mit seinem Zwillingsbruder Norris McWhirter das inzwischen weltweit verbreitete Guinness Buch der Rekorde. Am 27. November 1975 wurde er Opfer eines IRA… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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