James Fletcher (entomologist)
James Fletcher (
March 28 1852– November 8 1908) was a Canadian entomologist, botanist and writer.He was born near Rochester, Kent Englandin 1852. He began work as a clerk at the Bank of British North Americain Londonand was transferred to the Montrealbranch in 1874 and the Ottawabranch in 1875. In 1876, he began work as an assistant in the Library of Parliamentand discovered an interest in botany and entomology. He was one of the founding members of the Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Cluband a president of the Ottawa Horticultural Society. He was elected to the Royal Society of Canadain 1885.Fletcher established a national reporting system to help identify and control the spread of insects and weeds harmful to agriculture. In 1887, he became the first Dominion Entomologist and Botanist attached to the Central Experimental Farm. He helped set up measures to control the spread of plant diseases and harmful insects from both within and outside Canada. He was a founder of the American Association of Economic Entomologists, now the Entomological Society of America, and a fellow of the Linnean Society of London. Fletcher also initiated the Canadian National Collection (CNC) of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes.
Besides his contributions to scientific journals and bulletins published by the Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food, he published with George H. Clark, "The farm weeds of Canada" in 1906.
He died in Montreal in 1908.
The Fletcher Wildlife Garden at the Experimental Farm was named after him.
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=6713 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
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