Mojito

Mojito
IBA Official Cocktail
Type Cocktail
Primary alcohol by volume
Served On the rocks; poured over ice
Standard garnish

sprig of mint (Yerba buena in the original recipe)

Standard drinkware
Collins Glass.gif
Collins glass
IBA specified ingredients*
  • 4.0 cl White rum
  • 3.0 cl Fresh lime juice
  • 3 leaves of Mint
  • 2 teaspoons Sugar
  • Soda Water
Preparation Mint sprigs muddled with sugar and lime juice. Rum added and topped with soda water. Garnished with sprig of mint leaves. Served with a straw.

Mojito (play /mˈht/; Spanish: [moˈxito]) is a traditional Cuban highball.

Traditionally, a Mojito is not very strong and made of five ingredients: white rum, sugar (traditionally sugar cane juice), lime juice, sparkling water and mint. The original Cuban recipe uses spearmint or yerba buena, a mint variety very popular on the island.[1][2] Its combination of sweetness, refreshing citrus and mint flavors are intended to complement the potent kick of the rum, and have made this clear highball a popular summer drink.[3][4]

When preparing a Mojito, lime juice is added to sugar (or syrup) and mint leaves. The mixture is then gently mashed with a muddler. The mint leaves should only be bruised to release the essential oils and should not be shredded.[5] Then rum is added and the mixture is briefly stirred to dissolve the sugar and to lift the mint leaves up from the bottom for better presentation. Finally, the drink is topped with crushed ice or ice shavings and sparkling soda water. Mint leaves and lime wedges are used to garnish the glass.[6]

The mojito is one of the most famous rum-based highballs. There are several versions of the mojito.[7]

Contents

Origin

Cuba is the birthplace of the Mojito, although the exact origin of this classic cocktail is the subject of debate.[8] One story traces the Mojito to a similar 16th century drink, the "El Draque", in honor of Sir Francis Drake.[4] It was made initially with tafia/aguardiente, a primitive predecessor of rum,[4] but rum was used as soon as it became widely available to the British (ca. 1650). Mint, lime and sugar were also helpful in hiding the harsh taste of this spirit. While this drink was not called a Mojito at this time, it was still the original combination of these ingredients.

Some historians contend that African slaves who worked in the Cuban sugar cane fields during the 19th century were instrumental in the cocktail's origin.[8] Guarapo, the sugar cane juice often used in Mojitos,[4] was a popular drink amongst the slaves who helped coin the name of the sweet nectar.[8]

There are several theories behind the origin of the name Mojito; one such theory holds that name relates to mojo, a Cuban seasoning made from lime and used to flavour dishes.[4][9] Another theory is that the name Mojito is simply a derivative of mojadito, Spanish for "a little wet", or simply the diminutive of "mojado" (wet).

The Mojito was a favorite drink of author Ernest Hemingway.[10] Ernest Hemingway made the bar called La Bodeguita del medio famous as he became one of its regulars and he wrote "My mojito in La Bodeguita, My daiquiri in El Floridita“. This expression in English can still be read on the wall of the bar today, in his handwriting.[11]

Variations

  • Many hotels in Havana also add Angostura bitters to cut the sweetness of the Mojito; while icing sugar is often muddled with the mint leaves rather than cane sugar, and many establishments simply use sugar syrup to control sweetness.[12] Many bars today in Havana use lemon juice rather than fresh lime.
  • Fruit-flavoured vodkas or rums, such as mango, strawberry, lychee or mandarin, are often substituted.
  • A Mexican Mojito uses the Mexican native tequila instead of rum as a primary alcohol, and simple syrup instead of sugar for a sweetener. To simplify production, some restaurants will add mint leaves and peppermint extract to premade margaritas for Mexican Mojitos.
  • A "Dirty Mojito" uses spiced rum, brown sugar syrup, key limes, crushed mint and soda.
  • A Mojito without alcohol is called a "Virgin Mojito" or "Nojito"[13]
  • An "Apple Mojito" uses apple-flavoured liqueur as well as rum.
  • The drink is also spelled Mohito and Moxito in certain cultural areas of Cuba.[citation needed]
  • An "English Mojito" uses gin in place of rum and sprite as a substitute for sugar/soda.[citation needed]
  • A "Mojito Royal" is a mojito with Champagne instead of club soda.
  • A "Mojitaly" is a mojito with fernet branca instead of rum and mapo instead lime.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Traditional Mojito recipe from Cuba". Tasteofcuba.com. http://www.tasteofcuba.com/mojito.html. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  2. ^ Colleen Graham, About.com Guide (2011-06-11). "About.com Mojito". Cocktails.about.com. http://cocktails.about.com/od/atozcocktailrecipes/r/mjto_cktl.htm. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  3. ^ "Summer Cocktail News: Mojitos Go Fruity". Prweb.com. 2008-06-04. http://www.prweb.com/releases/2008/06/prweb990804.htm. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Shake It Up, Baby: Cuban Cocktail Is Making a Splash". Articles.latimes.com. 2001-08-12. http://articles.latimes.com/2001/aug/12/news/cl-33266. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  5. ^ Posted by Fumi. "How to Muddle a Mojito". Wasabibratwurst.com. http://www.wasabibratwurst.com/mojito-recipe/. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  6. ^ "The Classic Cuban Mojito". Artofdrink.com. http://www.artofdrink.com/2005/11/the-classic-cuban-mojito.php. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  7. ^ Cuban Mojito Recipe or American Mojito Recipe
  8. ^ a b c "Mojito History". Mojitocompany.com. http://www.mojitocompany.com/pages.php?pageid=4. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  9. ^ Mojito is derived from the Spanish mojo sauce, which often contains lime juice (see "mojito" at Dictionary.com, citing the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2006, Houghton Mifflin), while mojo is derived from the Spanish verb mojar, meaning "to make wet" (see definition 3 of "mojo" at Dictionary.com, citing Webster's New Millennium Dictionary of English, Preview Edition (v 0.9.7), 2003-2007, Lexico Publishing Group, LLC)
  10. ^ "Great American Writers and Their Cocktails". NPR.org. 2006-12-15. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6624971. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  11. ^ By W. Stock on August 8th, 2010 (2011-02-19). "Die ewige Bodeguita". Stockpress.de. http://stockpress.de/2010/08/08/die-ewige-bodeguita/. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  12. ^ "Food: Mojito". The Austin Chronicle. 2006-08-18. http://www.austinchronicle.com/gyrobase/Issue/story?oid=oid%3A395771. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  13. ^ Gee, Denise. "Nojito Recipe". Epicurious.com. http://www.epicurious.com/recipes/food/views/Nojito-359529. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • mojito — /mə hēˈtō/ noun (pl mojiˈtos) a Cuban cocktail containing rum, sugar, mint leaves, lime juice, ice and soda water ORIGIN: Sp, little sauce …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Mojito — Mo|ji|to [mo xi:to ], der; s, s [span. mojito, Vkl. von span. (kuban.) mojo = ein alkoholisches Mischgetränk, eigtl. = Brühe, Soße, zu: mojar = einweichen, über das Vlat. zu lat. mollis = weich]: alkoholisches Mixgetränk aus weißem Rum,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mojito — Mo|ji|to [mo xito] der; [s], s <aus gleichbed. span. mojito> mit zerdrückten frischen Minzblättern servierter kubanischer Cocktail aus Zitronensaft, Zucker, weißem Rum u. Soda …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • mojito — UK [məʊˈhiːtəʊ] / US [moʊˈhɪtoʊ] noun [countable/uncountable] an alcoholic drink made from rum or vodka and lime juice, or a glass of this drink. A mojito is a cocktail …   English dictionary

  • mojito — {{#}}{{LM M26248}}{{〓}} {{[}}mojito{{]}} ‹mo·ji·to› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} Cóctel elaborado con ron, azúcar, zumo de limón, gaseosa y hierbabuena …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos


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