André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin
He was born at Varzy, in the Nièvre département, in France. He was educated by his father, who was a lawyer of eminence, and at an early age he became principal clerk of an attorney at Paris. On the establishment of the Académie de Legislation he entered it as pupil from Nièvre. In 1800 he was made advocate, and in 1802, when the schools of law were opened, he received successively the degrees of licentiate and doctor from the new faculty. He was in 1810 an unsuccessful candidate for the chair of law at Paris, and in 1811 he also failed to obtain the office of advocate-general at the Court of Cassation. About this time he was added to the commission charged with the classification of the laws of the empire, and, after the interruption caused by the events of 1814 and 1815, was charged with the sole care of that great work. When he entered the chamber of deputies in 1815 he at once took an active part in the debates as a member of the Liberal Opposition, and strenuously opposed the election of the son of Napoleon as emperor after his father's abdication.
At the election after the second restoration Dupin was not reelected. He defended with great intrepidity the principal political victims of the reaction, among others, in conjunction with Nicolas Berryer, Marshal Ney; and in October 1815 boldly published a tractate entitled Libre Defense des accusés. In 1827 he was again elected a member of the chamber of deputies and in 1830 he voted the address of the 221, and on February 28 he was in the streets exhorting the citizens to resistance. At the end of 1832 he became president of the chamber, which office he held successively for eight years. On Louis Philippe's abdication in 1848 Dupin introduced the young count of Paris into the chamber, and proposed him as king with the duchess of Orléans as regent.
This attempt failed, but Dupin submitted to circumstances, and, retaining the office of procureur-general, his first act was to decide that justice should henceforth be rendered to the "name of the French people." In 1849 he was elected a member of the Assembly, and became president of the principal committee—that on legislation. After the coup d'état of December 2, 1851 he still retained his office of procureur-general, and did not resign it until effect was given to the decrees confiscating the property of the house of Orléans.
In 1857 he was offered his old office by the emperor, and accepted it, explaining his acceptance in a discourse, a sentence of which may be employed to describe his whole political career. "I have always", he said, "belonged to France and never to parties."
Among Dupin's works, which are numerous, may be mentioned Principia Juris Civilis, 5 vols. (1806); Mémoires et plaidoyers de 1800 au 1ier janvier 1830, in 20 vols.; and Mémoires ou souvenirs du barreau, in 4 vols. (1855–1857).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Cultural offices Preceded by
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
André-Marie-Jean-Jacques Dupin — André Dupin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dupin. André Dupin (Dupin aîné) André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin, dit « Dupin aîné », éta … Wikipédia en Français
Dupin, André-Marie-Jean-Jacques — (1783 1865) magistrate, political figure Born in Varzy, Nivernais, André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin, or Dupin Ainé as he is known, was a highly respected attorney who, in particular, defended Marshal michel ney and the singer and satirist… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
André-Marie Dupin — André Dupin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dupin. André Dupin (Dupin aîné) André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin, dit « Dupin aîné », éta … Wikipédia en Français
André-Marie — was a French Radical politician.André Marie or André Marie may also refer to:* André Marie Constant Duméril (1774 1860), French zoologist * André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin (1783 1865), French advocate * André Marie Ampère (1775 1836), French… … Wikipedia
Jean-jacques burlamaqui — Jean Jacques Burlamaqui, né le 24 juin 1694 à Genève et mort le 3 avril 1748, est un juriste, publiciste et écrivain suisse. Descendant d’une famille originaire de Lucques réfugiée à Genève religionis causa à laquelle… … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui — Jean Jacques Burlamaqui. Jean Jacques Burlamaqui (Ginebra, 24 de junio de 1694, íd., 3 de abril de 1748), jurista y escritor suizo. Biografía Descendía de una familia originaria de Lucques refugiada en Ginebra por cuestiones religiosas, a la que… … Wikipedia Español
Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui — Jean Jacques Burlamaqui, né le 24 juin 1694 à Genève et mort le 3 avril 1748, est un juriste et écrivain suisse. Descendant d’une famille originaire de Lucques réfugiée à Genève religionis causa à laquelle appartint Francesco… … Wikipédia en Français
Jean Jacques Rousseau — Jean Jacques Rousseau, Pastell von Maurice Quentin de La Tour, 1753 Jean Jacques Rousseau (* 28. Juni 1712 in Genf; † 2. Juli 1778 in Ermenonville bei Paris) war ein Genfer … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jean-Jacques Ampère — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ampère. Jean Jacques Ampère Jean Jacques Ampère (12 août 1800 à Lyon 27 mars … Wikipédia en Français
Andre Dupin — André Dupin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dupin. André Dupin (Dupin aîné) André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin, dit « Dupin aîné », éta … Wikipédia en Français