National Hispanic Heritage Month


National Hispanic Heritage Month
United States Navy personnel celebrating National Hispanic Heritage Month

National Hispanic Heritage Month is the period from September 15 to October 15 in the United States, when people recognize the contributions of Hispanic and Latino Americans to the United States and celebrate the group's heritage and culture.

Hispanic Heritage Week was approved by President Lyndon Johnson and was expanded by President Ronald Reagan in 1988 to cover a 30-day period. It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988 on the approval of Public Law 100-402.

"September 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. They all declared independence in 1821. In addition, Mexico, Chile and Belize celebrate their independence days on September 16, September 18, and September 21, respectively."[1]

Hispanic Heritage Month also celebrates the long and important presence of Hispanic Americans in North America. A map of late 18th century North America shows this presence, from the small outpost of San Francisco founded in the desolate wilderness of Alta California in 1776, through the Spanish province of Texas with its vaqueros (cowboys), to the fortress of St. Augustine, Florida — the first continuous European settlement in North America, founded in 1565, decades before Jamestown, Virginia.

Spanish explorers traveled further north along the Pacific Coast to Canada in 1774 and by the late 18th century had established a military post on Vancouver Island, 350 miles north of Seattle. The Spanish sailed up the Atlantic Coast through the Chesapeake Bay in 1526, then called the Bahía de Santa María, about 80 years before the romanticized English encounter with Pocahontas. In the 1520s Spanish navigators also explored as far north as Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and the present site of Bangor, Maine. The Spanish settled the future southwestern United States in the 16th century and officially founded Santa Fe, New Mexico in 1610.

As part of the Treaty of Paris (1763) peace settlement of the French and Indian War, the territories west of the Mississippi River, including Louisiana and New Orleans, were ceded to the Spanish. Nearly all of the surviving 18th century architecture of the Vieux Carré French Quarter in the latter city dates from this Spanish period.

References

Bibliography

  • Weber, Frontier in North America (1992). New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-05198-0. 
  • Fernández-Shaw, Carlos M. (1987). La Presencia Española en Los Estados Unidos. Madrid: Instituto de Cooperación Iberoamericana. ISBN 0-8160-2314-x. 
  • McDermott, John Francis (1974). The Spanish in the Mississippi Valley 1762-1804. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-00269-5. 
  • http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=44858. ]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Latino AIDS Awareness Day — National Latino AIDS Awarness Day Founded October 15, 2003 (2003 10 15) Location 24 W 25th Street, 9th Floor, New York, NY 10010 USA Key people latinoaids.org hispanicfederation.org …   Wikipedia

  • National Day of Prayer — Observed by The United States of America Date First Thursday in May 2010 date May 6 …   Wikipedia

  • National Freedom Day — is a United States observance on February 1 honoring the signing by Abraham Lincoln of a joint House and Senate resolution that later became the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. President Lincoln signed the Amendment outlawing slavery on… …   Wikipedia

  • National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day — National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, which is observed annually on December 7, is to remember and honor all those who died in the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. On August 23, 1994, United States Congress, by Pub.L. 103 308,… …   Wikipedia

  • National Grandparents Day — Observed by various countries Type National Date First Sunday after Labor Day (  USA) …   Wikipedia

  • National Defense Transportation Day — is a United States Federal Observance Day observed on the third Friday in May. According to 36 U.S.C. § 120, on National Defense Transportation Day, the president urges the people of the United States, including labor, management, users, and… …   Wikipedia

  • National Disability Employment Awareness Month — was declared in 1988 by the United States Congress for October to raise awareness the employment needs and contributions of individuals with all types of disabilities. The month is an extension of National Employ the Physically Handicapped Week… …   Wikipedia

  • National Missing Children's Day — has been commemorated on May 25 since 1983, when it was first proclaimed by President Ronald Reagan. In the several years preceding the establishment of National Missing Children s day a series of high profile missing children cases made national …   Wikipedia

  • National Association of Latina Leaders — Type 501 C3 Founded Founded in 2003 Location New York City Area served National Focus To serve the professional needs of U.S. Hispanic women Method …   Wikipedia

  • National Breast Cancer Awareness Month — Breast Cancer Awareness Month (BCAM) (also referred to in America as National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM)) is an annual international health campaign organized by major breast cancer charities every October to increase awareness of the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.