Trachis

Trachis was a region in ancient Greece. Situated south of the river Spercheios, it was populated by the Malians.

Its main town was also called "Trachis" until 426 BC, when it became Heraclea Trachinia. It is located to the west of Thermopylae. Trachis is located just west of the western-most tip of the island of Euboea, north of Delphi. Near this place archaeologists discovered tombs from the Mycenaean period.

According to Greek mythology Trachis was the home of Ceyx and Alcyone. Heracles went to Trachis after the death of Eunomus. The town is mentioned by Homer and for the last time in antiquity by Pausanias.

Trachis/Heraclea in modern times

The settlement formerly known as "Trachis" was renamed "Heraclea Trachis/Trachinia" by the Spartans. In antiquity the settlement was famous for being at the base of the mountain where Hercules died ( mount Oeta) as well as being the place where the descendants of Hercules settled. During the Greco/Persian wars, the fertile plains of heraclea saw the landing and encampment of the Persian army as they marched to Thermopylae. During the Greek war of Independence the area has been famous for its resistance fighters or "klepts", a term which means mountain fighters or bandits, and includes those who opposed the Turkish "Harach" poll tax upon agricultural commodities.

In World War II, the area saw significant resistance to the Germans. A vital railroad bridge linking southern and northern Greece was destroyed here.

Today the village of Heraclea is a thriving agricultural community. Recent excavations have also revealed a series of small tombs at the foothills of Oeta near the banks of the Asopus river.


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  • Trachis — (Τραχίς) war der Name einer Landschaft im antiken Griechenland und anfangs auch der Name des Hauptortes dieser Landschaft, der später Herakleia Trachis hieß. Die Landschaft Trachis erstreckte sich am rechten Ufer des Flusses Spercheios. Hier… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trachis — (en grec : Τραχις) est un dème de Grèce antique, au sud du fleuve Spercheios, peuplée par les Maliens. Sa principale ville était aussi dénommée Trachis ; elle fut renommée en 426 Héraclée de Trachis (en latin Heraclea Trachinia). Elle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Trachis — (a. Geogr.), so v.w. Trachin …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • TRACHIS — vide Trachin …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Herakleia Trachis — Lage der Doppelstadt westlich der Thermopylen Herakleia Trachis (῾Ηράκλεια Τραχίς) war die von Sparta gegründete Hauptstadt der Malier in der antiken griechischen Landschaft Trachis. Sie lag westlich der Thermopylen zwischen den Flüssen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chrysallida trachis — Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Ga …   Wikipedia

  • Ephialtes of Trachis — (Greek: Ἐφιάλτης, Ephialtēs; although Herodotus spelled it as Ἐπιάλτης, Epialtes) was the son of Eurydemus of Malis.[1] He betrayed his homeland by showing the Persian forces a path around the allied Greek position at the pass of Thermopylae,… …   Wikipedia

  • Heraclea in Trachis — was a colony founded by the Lacedaemonians in the sixth year of the Peloponnesian War [425 B.C.] . It was located four miles West of Thermopylae, and about 2 miles South of the Malian Gulf. The object of this colony was to assist the Trachinians …   Wikipedia

  • Ephialtes von Trachis — In der Karte eingezeichnet: die Umgehungsroute der Perser Ephialtes (griechisch: Ἐφιάλτης) war der Sohn des Eurydemus von Malis. Er verriet die griechischen Truppen an die Perser[1], indem er ihnen in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alkyone (Trachis) — Herbert James Draper: Halcyone (1915) Alkyone (griechisch: Ἁλκυόνη; Tochter der Enarete und Aiolos oder des gleichnamen Windgottes Aiolos) ist eine Gestalt aus der griechischen Mythologie. Mythos Nach Ovid war Alkyone ih …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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